microaggressions? and (c) To what extent was the participant’s life affected by stereotype threat? Theoretical Framework The theoretical lens we employed during the study was eclectic in that we drew constructs and concepts from two perspectives. These were critical race theory ( Delgado, 1995 ; Tate, 1997 ) and
Richard F. Jowers and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith
Erin E. Ayala, Alison Riley-Schmida, Kathryn P. A. Faulkner, and Kelsey Maleski
expectations based on their cultural identities ( Kaskan & Ho, 2016 ; Sue, 2010 ). Microaggressions are the subtle acts that project demeaning messages based on one’s race, gender, sexual orientation, or other identities ( Sue et al., 2007 ). They occur on a continuum of severity ranging from subtle comments
Sarah B. Williams, Elizabeth A. Taylor, T. Christopher Greenwell, and Brigitte M. Burpo
microaggressions, based on their gender ( Dipboye & Colella, 2005 ). A legacy of male chauvinism, either subconscious or preconscious, persists in academia, as male faculty often do not realize their remarks or behavior are patronizing or sexist ( Monroe et al., 2008 ). The prevalence of sexual discrimination
Alexander Brian Yu, Thomas Nguyen, and Trent Petrie
As racially diverse, early-career sport psychology consultants (SPCs), we reflect on our experiences working with collegiate athletes and coaches whose racial/ethnic status were different from our own. Our reflections cover (a) the external effects of stereotypes, presence (and pernicious effects) of microaggressions, and strategies for effectively coping with such transgressions; (b) stereotype threat and how Jeremy Lin’s entry into the NBA affected our self-perceptions; and (c) a call to action to further promote a multicultural approach to sport psychology training, research, and practice. In sharing these thoughts, we hope to promote further dialogue in the emerging field of cultural sport psychology.
Brian T. Gearity and Lynett Henderson Metzger
Despite its prevalence as a sensitizing concept for research in psychology, the sociology of sport literature on microaggressions is limited and it has not been used to understand sociocultural aspects of sport coaching. In this poststructural creative analytic practice, we provide three short stories of microaggressions in men’s sport coaching and their plausible negative effects on mental health. An aim of this paper is to begin to map an understanding of the intersection of sport coaching, mental health, and social identities. To achieve this aim, we weave together scholarship on microaggressions and the sociology of sport and sport coaching with our stories and interpretations. Practical implications are offered and a new, strength based discourse is introduced to the field in the form of microaffirmations.
This article investigates the presence and effects of racial microaggressions in English first-class cricket. Drawing on interview data with British Asian players, it not only highlights players’ experiences of racism, but also identifies their tendency to downplay the repercussions of some of the forms that this prejudice takes. The analysis demonstrates that color-blind ideology is so entrenched in contemporary Western sport that its reproduction is not exclusively the preserve of white groups; it can also at times compel minority ethnic participants to endorse dominant claims that the effects of racism are overstated as well. As a consequence they are often pressured into denying or downplaying those forms of verbal discrimination which are articulated between team-mates and in a seemingly playful manner, dismissing incidents as merely “banter” or “jokes”.
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin, and Kathleen Wilson
Social Psychology, 157 , 645–657. doi: 10.1080/00224545.2016.1263596 Journal website: http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/vsoc20/current Author website: https://coe.unm.edu/departments-programs/ifce/family-child-studies/faculty.html Serena Williams as “Manly” and “Savage,” Not Talented: Microaggressions
Constancio R. Arnaldo
them to “understand itself and how they prefer to present themselves through narratives and images” (p. 149). Beyond these representations and iconic celebrity athletes, we see how Japanese Americans negotiate the boundaries of everyday life by confronting racial microaggressions, the seemingly
Lindsay Eales and Donna L. Goodwin
increase inclusiveness, we need to consider sociopolitical aspects of trauma, which are inadequately addressed by the DSM and dominant psychiatric understandings of trauma. This includes considering oppression-related trauma, as well as insidious trauma and microaggressions. Oppression-Related Trauma
Jared A. Russell, Sheri Brock, and Mary E. Rudisill
, dating back almost 50 years, confirms the physical and psychological impact of micro- and macroaggressions, both by-products of implicit bias ( Sue, 2010a , 2010b ; Torino et al., 2019 ). Microaggressions are subtle and persistent interpersonal interactions that marginalize members of underrepresented