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Gerald J. Massey

Philosophers and sport psychologists wrestle with mind-body problems, but with different ones. By denying minds to animals, Descartes widened the traditional gulf between humans and animals to the detriment not only of philosophical but also of scientific thinking about mind. Of the major philosophers, only David Hume dared to put human minds on all fours with animal minds. With few exceptions, sport psychologists have followed Descartes rather than Hume. Failure to appreciate the relevance of animal studies to their discipline causes sport psychologists to trade in vague concepts, questionable measurement instruments, defective methodologies, and truncated theories, and to submit their hypotheses to gerrymandered tests. The author exhorts sport psychologists to embrace Hume’s touchstone, which rejects as bogus any hypothesis or theory about human minds that does not apply evenhandedly to animals—unless there is compelling evidence that the phenomena under investigation are particular to humans.

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Lucas C. Bianco

line with these set outcomes. 10 The current case presents the care, including mind–body interventions (MBI), provided by an on-site industrial athletic trainer to provide long-term care that helped the patient exceed her goals and expectations. Rehabilitation is commonly prescribed to supplement the

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Heidi Gilchrist, Abby Haynes, Juliana S. Oliveira, Anne Grunseit, Catherine Sherrington, Adrian Bauman, Roberta Shepherd, and Anne Tiedemann

older people are more likely if programs are enjoyable, nonthreatening, social, and not perceived to be overly strenuous ( McInnes & Askie, 2004 ). Yoga is a mind–body practice that typically involves a combination of physical postures, breathing exercises, and concentration ( Tew et al., 2020 ). There

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Charlotte Woods, Lesley Glover, and Julia Woodman

functioning and dysfunction, in which physical and mental activity are inseparable (mind–body concept) 1 ; the aim of creating conditions within which natural healing processes are facilitated (rather than seeking specific treatments); and the idea that prevention is better than cure and that individuals can

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Wolf E. Mehling

It has been suggested that improvement in bodily awareness is a key mechanism of action for many movement therapies ( Mehling et al., 2011 ). Examples of these mind–body therapies include mindful movement, integrative exercise, movement-education approaches named after or by founding teachers (e

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Matthew Lamont

, Vaittinen, & Owton, 2019 ; Fox, Humberston, & Dubnewick, 2014 ; Humberstone, 2011 ). Scholars have drawn upon the work of sociological philosophers, particularly the phenomenological perspectives of Merleau-Ponty ( 1945 ) addressing the body as subject and interconnectedness between the mind, body, and

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Emma Mosley, Zöe L. Wimshurst, and Emma Kavanagh

working together to create a bespoke plan for the future with more opportunity for retesting over time to see what improvements had been made. Overall, the outcomes of the intervention improved mind–body awareness and arousal regulation for racing and enhanced visual functions. We saw direct improvements