Background: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing scientific literature on e- and mHealth interventions promoting physical activity (PA) among African American (AA) and Hispanic women. Methods: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines, 5 electronic databases and gray literature sources were searched in August 2017. Inclusion criteria are published in English language peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2017, use of an e- or mHealth delivery strategy to promote PA, primary focus on AA or Hispanic women, and reported PA outcome data. Results: Ten articles met inclusion criteria for review, 6 studies focused on AA women and 4 studies on Hispanic women. The majority (n = 8) were pilot studies; only 2 studies were full-scale randomized controlled trials and both focused on Hispanic women. Six studies (60%) used websites as the primary method of intervention delivery, 3 studies (30%) used text messaging, and 1 study (10%) used the social networking website Facebook. In total, 70% of the studies (n = 7) reported significant within- or between-group differences for at least 1 PA outcome. Conclusions: Findings provide preliminary support for e- and mHealth PA interventions among AA and Hispanic women. However, future large-scale, rigorously designed, randomized controlled trials are needed to further explore their effectiveness among AA and Hispanic women.
Rodney P. Joseph, Kathryn E. Royse and Tanya J. Benitez
Scherezade K. Mama, Lorna H. McNeill, Erica G. Soltero, Raul Orlando Edwards and Rebecca E. Lee
Culturally appropriate, innovative strategies to increase physical activity (PA) in women of color are needed. This study examined whether participation in SALSA, an 8-week randomized, crossover pilot study to promote PA, led to improved psychosocial outcomes and whether these changes were associated with changes in PA over time. Women of color (N = 50) completed Internet-based questionnaires on PA, exercise self-efficacy, motivational readiness, stress, and social support at three time points. Women reported high socioeconomic status, decreases in exercise self-efficacy, and increases in motivational readiness for exercise and a number of stressful events (p < .05); changes in motivational readiness for exercise varied by group (p = .043). Changes in psychosocial factors were associated with increases in PA. Latin dance improved motivational readiness for PA. Future studies are needed to determine whether Latin dance improves other psychological measures and quality of life in women of color in an effort to increase PA and reduce health disparities.
Shannon Halloway, JoEllen Wilbur, Michael E. Schoeny, Pamela A. Semanik and David X. Marquez
This study examined the combined effects of sedentary behavior and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) on cardiovascular health in older Latinos. In a cross-sectional sample of 147 older, community-dwelling Latinos, time spent in sedentary behavior and MVPA were obtained using accelerometers. Analyses examined the effects of a measure of physical activity that combined levels of sedentary behavior (± 10 daily hours) and MVPA (< 30, 30–150, or > 150 weekly minutes) on cardiovascular health outcomes (blood pressure, BMI, waist circumference, cardiorespiratory fitness). Results suggest that cardiovascular health benefits of MVPA on BMI (p = .005), waist circumference (p = .002), and cardiorespiratory fitness (p = .012) may depend on a participant’s level of sedentary behavior. For all three, health benefits of 30–150 weekly minutes of MVPA were found only for those without excessive sedentary behavior (≥ 10 hr). Sedentary behavior may negatively impact cardiovascular health despite moderate participation in MVPA. Health guidelines should suggest reducing sedentary behavior while increasing MVPA.
René Revis Shingles
, values, and beliefs ( U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health [USDHHS OMH], 2016 ), as well as address the cultural needs and barriers of their patients ( National Athletic Trainers’ Association, 2011 ; USDHHS OMH, 2016 ) to achieve positive health outcomes ( National
Catherine E. Tong, Joanie Sims Gould and Heather A. McKay
. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 10 ( 4 ), 379 – 387 . PubMed ID: 17943444 doi:10.1007/s10903-007-9085-3 10.1007/s10903-007-9085-3 Tong , C.E. , Franke , T. , Larcombe , K. , & Sims Gould , J. ( 2017 ). Fostering inter-agency collaboration for the delivery of community-based services
Kerstin Gerst Emerson and Jennifer Gay
. , & McCormick , J. ( 2015 ). Meeting physical activity guidelines is associated with lower allostatic load and inflammation in Mexican Americans . Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 17 ( 2 ), 574 – 581 . PubMed. doi:10.1007/s10903-013-9950-1 10.1007/s10903-013-9950-1 Gay
Chia-Yuan Yu, Ayoung Woo, Christopher Hawkins and Sara Iman
development and programmatic efforts to improve minority health by health professionals, urban planners, and policy analysts. Methods Data Source and Population This study tested the association between residential segregation and obesity by using 2 levels of data: individual and county. The individual
.C. , & Barefoot , K.N. ( 2018 ). Gender and sexual minority health: History, current state, and terminology . In K. Bryan Smalley , J.C. Warren , & K.N. Barefoot (Eds.), LGBT Health: Meeting the needs of gender and sexual minorities (pp. 3 – 14 ). New York, NY : Springer Publishing Company
Chelsea L. Kracht, Elizabeth K. Webster and Amanda E. Staiano
, parents, and children who participated in this study, as well as the research assistants who helped with data collection. The “Pause & Play” project was supported by Award Number U54MD008602 for the Gulf States Collaborative Center for Health Policy Research from the National Institute on Minority
Sharon E. Taverno Ross
.08.005 10.1016/j.ypmed.2003.08.005 Grzywacz , J.G. , Arcury , T.A. , Trejo , G. , & Quandt , S.A. ( 2016 ). Latino mothers in farmworker families’ beliefs about preschool children’s physical activity and play . Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 18 ( 1 ), 234 – 242 . PubMed doi:10.1007/s