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Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen, and Neil B. Alexander

of acute and long-term health care resources. 2 In addition, loss of muscle mass, impaired balance, and decline in muscle strength and endurance are attributed to the aging process. 3 Comorbidities influence mobility limitations, particularly cardiovascular disease and obesity. 4 Nevertheless

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Johanna Eronen, Mikaela von Bonsdorff, Merja Rantakokko, Erja Portegijs, Anne Viljanen, and Taina Rantanen

Life-space mobility describes the extent of community mobility of older persons. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and life-space mobility and to investigate whether associations might be explained by SES-related disparities in health and functioning. The participants (n = 848) were community-dwelling adults aged 75–90. Education and occupation were used to indicate SES. Life-space assessment (range 0–120) was used to indicate distance and frequency of moving and assistance needed in moving. People with low education had lower life-space mobility scores than those with intermediate or high education: marginal means 63.5, 64.8, and 70.0 (p = .003), respectively. SES-related health disparities, i.e., higher body mass index, poorer cognitive capacity, and poorer physical performance explained the association, rendering it nonsignificant (marginal means 65.2, 65.3, and 67.5, p = .390). Low SES and restricted life-space mobility often coexist with overweight, reduced cognition, and poorer physical performance.

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Bonnie Field, Tom Cochrane, Rachel Davey, and Yohannes Kinfu

The aim of this study was to identify determinants of walking and whether walking maintained mobility among women as they transition from their mid-70s to their late 80s. We used 12 years of follow-up data (baseline 1999) from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health (n = 10,322). Fifteen determinants of walking were included in the analysis and three indicators of mobility. Longitudinal data analyses techniques were employed. Thirteen of the 15 determinants were significant predictors of walking. Women in their mid-70s who walked up to 1 hr per week were less likely to experience loss of mobility in very old age, including reduced likelihood of using a mobility aid. Hence, older women who do no walking should be encouraged to walk to maintain their mobility and their independence as they age, particularly women in their 70s and 80s who smoke, are overweight, have arthritis, or who have had a recent fall.

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Alyson B. Harding, Nancy W. Glynn, Stephanie A. Studenski, Philippa J. Clarke, Ayushi A. Divecha, and Andrea L. Rosso

While mobility is key to functional independence in aging, the influence of the local environment has only recently been included in human aging research ( Cunningham & Michael, 2004 ). In older adults, the capacity to move through the environment (mobility) affects functional independence and

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Thom T.J. Veeger, Annemarie M.H. de Witte, Monique A.M. Berger, Rienk M.A. van der Slikke, Dirkjan (H.E.J.) Veeger, and Marco J.M. Hoozemans

. For the latter, both ball skills and wheelchair handling skills—or “mobility performance”—are essential. Mobility performance in itself is dependent on both physical performance and capacity, and quality of wheelchair handling. Thus, mobility performance is not only dependent on physical athlete

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Katie Thralls Butte and Susan S. Levy

(SUN STS group) or reduce total sitting time (SUN SL group), as well as to examine changes in physical function and mobility, as measured by the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and 8-foot up and go (UG), respectively, at 6 and 12 weeks. We hypothesized that both SUN groups would

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Michael VanNostrand, Brittany Belanger, Gabriel Purin, Susan L. Kasser, and Michael Cannizzaro

The neurodegeneration associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) leads to persistent and progressive functional decline and compromised mobility. Almost 90% of those with MS experience difficulty walking ( Allali et al., 2014 ), including those in early stages of the disease and with low levels of

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Fabiane de Oliveira Brauner, Anelise Ineu Figueiredo, Matheus de Souza Urbanetto, Rafael Reimann Baptista, Aniuska Schiavo, and Régis Gemerasca Mestriner

Functional mobility impairments are highly prevalent among older adults, leading to a higher risk of falls, hospitalization, and reduced quality of life ( Fernandez et al., 2019 ; Montero-Odasso et al., 2012 ). Particularly, up to 82% of the oldest-old (peopled aged ≥80 years) exhibit

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Heather A. McKay, Lindsay Nettlefold, Joanie Sims-Gould, Heather M. Macdonald, Karim M. Khan, and Adrian Bauman

important for older adults, who otherwise experience age-related declines in PA 8 , 9 and mobility. 10 A recent systematic review 6 noted that, of 14 older-adult PA interventions, only 3 had a follow-up period of 1 year or longer. 11 , 12 This prompted a call from authors of a systematic review of

Open access

Philippa J.A. Nicolson, Maria T. Sanchez-Santos, Julie Bruce, Shona Kirtley, Lesley Ward, Esther Williamson, and Sarah E. Lamb

Mobility is defined as “the ability to move oneself within community environments that expand from one’s home, to the neighborhood, and to regions beyond” ( Webber, Porter, & Menec, 2010 ). Maintaining mobility is fundamental to aging well for older adults ( Guralnik et al., 1993 ). Limited