The 2012 Academy meeting focused on research related to increasing levels of physical activity and promoting persistence. Speakers agreed that answers would be hard to come by but that progress was possible. Emphases for potential solutions ranged from the cellular to the cultural, from neural mechanisms to symbolic processes, from particle physics to philosophy. Strategies for intervention were diverse and refected a series of dynamical tensions—behavioral and nonbehavioral, cognitive and noncognitive, traditional and nontra-ditional, environmental and motivational, and finally medical in contrast to educational. It is likely, given the complexities inherent in increasing movement behaviors and assuring persistence, that various blends of solutions emerging from multiple points on the disciplinary landscape and honoring truths that run across these strategic tensions will be needed.
R. Scott Kretchmar
Christopher P. Gunn, Chris Englert, Fabienne Ennigkeit, and Ian M. Taylor
of desire–goal conflict initiation ( Gunn & Taylor, 2021 ). Following conflict identification, conflict resolution is sought through the inhibition of responses or modification of behavior. While overcoming such negative affect is important for goal achievement, humans are evolutionarily motivated to
Lauren Downham and Christopher Cushion
their practice, and through reflection a modification of behavior was expected ( Cassidy et al., 2009 ; Fejes, 2011 ; Gilbert & Côté, 2013 ). Indeed, behavior change was the desire of all involved and the objectives and purpose of the coach education program: Field notes Residential Workshop: Will