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Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Nikos Ntoumanis, Jennifer Cumming, Kimberley J. Bartholomew, and Gemma Pearce

Using objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997), this study tested the interaction between self-objectification, appearance evaluation, and self-esteem in predicting body satisfaction and mood states. Participants (N = 93) were physically active female university students. State self-objectification was manipulated by participants wearing tight revealing exercise attire (experimental condition) or baggy exercise clothes (control condition). Significant interactions emerged predicting depression, anger, fatness, and satisfaction with body shape and size. For participants in the self-objectification condition who had low (as opposed to high) appearance evaluation, low self-esteem was associated with high depression, anger, and fatness and low satisfaction with body shape and size. In contrast, for participants with high self-esteem, these mood and body satisfaction states were more favorable irrespective of their levels of appearance evaluation. For female exercisers, self-esteem-enhancing strategies may protect against some of the negative outcomes of self-objectification.

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Spencer E. Boyle, Melissa A. Fothergill, John Metcalfe, Sarah Docherty, and Crystal F. Haskell-Ramsay

factor, with positive effects on cognition emerging after 20 minutes of exercise, whereas decrements have been observed when exercising for 2 hours or more. 19 Mood effects may also play a role in the acute exercise–cognition relationship, with exercise durations ranging from 5 to 60 minutes showing

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Sophie E. Carter, Richard Draijer, Andrew Thompson, Dick H.J. Thijssen, and Nicola D. Hopkins

reduce workplace SB and improve cognition. 17 Mood has also been shown to influence work productivity, 18 , 19 with workers in a positive mood demonstrating more efficiency and effectiveness in their job roles. 20 , 21 Furthermore, positive affect is positively related to task performance and

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Jolly Roy

mood. The aim was to understand her patterns, any environmental trigger for maladaptive cognitions and emotions (e.g., presence of any significant others, opponents) and then reinforce adaptive behaviors for successful performance. My initial interactions with the athlete elicited a brief sporting

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James Annesi

factors to controlled eating. 6 For example, physical activity–induced improvements in mood were shown to reduce emotional eating and decrease weight in women with a BMI of 30 to 40 kg/m 2 . 7 An improved understanding of interrelations of physical activity and psychosocial factors, including those of

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Carlos Amo, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Javier Vázquez-Carrión, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia, and Pedro de la Villa

if tDCS could improve swimming performance (primary endpoint) in elite athletes. We also studied tDCS effects on blood lactate concentration, effort and mood self-perception, cardiac autonomic modulation, and central nervous system (CNS) readiness (secondary endpoints). Methods Participants Eight

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Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Nathan Maresh, and Jennifer Earl-Boehm

adherence to/compliance (ie, a behavior) with treatment, 17 – 19 maintaining positive mood 17 , 18 , 20 (ie, an affect), and having confidence in returning back to activity 20 , 21 (ie, a cognition). Conceptually, the aforementioned connections between physical and psychological factors are explained

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James J. Annesi

, “weight-loss maintenance phase”) have not been well studied. Physical activity (PA) is the most robust predictor of maintained weight loss. 2 Although PA-associated improvement in mood is related to other positive changes in weight-loss predictors such as self-regulation and emotional eating, 3 amounts required to

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Theresa E. Gildner, J. Josh Snodgrass, Clare Evans, and Paul Kowal

included three commonly used measures of subjective well-being: (a) subjective QOL, (b) self-rated happiness, and (c) reported mood ( Diener et al., 2003 ). These generally relate to two important aspects of psychological well-being: evaluative well-being (or life satisfaction) and hedonic well

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Gordon W. Russell

Mood scales were administered to spectators attending an especially violent ice hockey game (n = 117) and a relatively nonviolent game (n = 159). Subjects completed the scales either prior to the opening face-off, during the first or second period intermissions, or immediately following the match. The between-subjects design revealed an increase in spectator hostility accompanied by a quadratic arousal function for the violent game. The relationship between hostility (and arousal) and the period of play was best described by an inverted-U function. Arousal decreased at the nonviolent match. Other mood states were largely unaffected by the two games. The results were discussed with reference to three models of spectator moods in which outcome is featured as a major variable.