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James Du, Heather Kennedy, Jeffrey D. James, and Daniel C. Funk

paper makes three notable theoretical contributions to the literature. First, the current research augments existing knowledge on consumer satisfaction in sport by introducing a five-factor Participant Benefit Scale (PBS) as motivational antecedents. There are compelling reasons to believe that PSE

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Howard K. Hall and Alistair W. Kerr

The present investigation tested the conceptual links between goal orientations and achievement anxiety which have been suggested by Roberts (1986) and Dweck and Leggett (1988). One hundred and eleven junior fencers between the ages of 10 and 18 completed a series of questionnaires measuring achievement goals (TEOSQ), perceived ability and multidimensional state anxiety (CSAI-2) on four occasions prior to a regional fencing tournament. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that perceived ability was a consistent predictor of all three dimensions of the CSAI-2 at each different time period. In addition, an ego orientation was found to contribute significantly to the prediction of cognitive anxiety on two occasions prior to competition. When goals assessed immediately before performing were entered as predictors of CSAI-2 dimensions, a task orientation was found to contribute to the prediction of both somatic anxiety and confidence. The findings also suggest that an awareness of an athlete’s achievement goals and perceived ability will allow coaches a more parsimonious understanding of the motivational antecedents of precompetitive anxiety than previous approaches which have considered other motivational constructs to be crucial antecedents of precompetitive affect (e.g., Swain & Jones, 1992).

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John W. Mahoney, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Nikos Ntoumanis, and Cliff J. Mallet

We argue that basic psychological needs theory (BPNT) offers impetus to the value of mental toughness as a mechanism for optimizing human functioning. We hypothesized that psychological needs satisfaction (thwarting) would be associated with higher (lower) levels of mental toughness, positive affect, and performance and lower (higher) levels of negative affect. We also expected that mental toughness would be associated with higher levels of positive affect and performance and lower levels of negative affect. Further, we predicted that coaching environments would be related to mental toughness indirectly through psychological needs and that psychological needs would indirectly relate with performance and affect through mental toughness. Adolescent cross-country runners (136 male and 85 female, M age = 14.36) completed questionnaires pertaining to BPNT variables, mental toughness, and affect. Race times were also collected. Our findings supported our hypotheses. We concluded that BPNT is generative in understanding some of the antecedents and consequences of mental toughness and is a novel framework useful for understanding mental toughness.

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In the article “Mental Toughness in Sport: Motivational Antecedents and Associations With Performance and Psychological Health,” by John W. Mahoney, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Nikos Ntoumanis, and Cliff J. Mallett, in the Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 36(3), 281–292,, the fourth author’s surname was inadvertently misspelled twice on page 281. Under the article title, the correct spelling should be Mallett. Likewise, in the footnote, the first sentence should read “John W. Mahoney and Cliff J. Mallett are with the School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland.”

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Miranda P. Kaye, David E. Conroy, and Angela M. Fifer

This study compared the fear of failure and perfectionism constructs by analyzing their latent structure as well as their motivational antecedents and consequences. College students (N = 372) enrolled in physical activity classes completed a battery of questionnaires assessing fear of failure, perfectionism, approach and avoidance motivational temperaments, and 2 × 2 achievement goals. Structural equation modeling revealed that responses were best summarized by two correlated factors representing perfectionistic strivings and concerns. Avoidance temperament was positively associated with both forms of incompetence avoidance; however, approach temperament was positively related only to perfectionist strivings. Perfectionistic concerns were positively related to the adoption of mastery-avoidance and performance-avoidance goals and negatively related to the adoption of mastery-approach goals. Perfectionistic strivings were positively associated with both approach goals. These results indicate that strivings to avoid incompetence can be distinguished with respect to their latent structure, temperamental antecedents, and motivational consequences.

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Catherine E. Amiot, Patrick Gaudreau, and Céline M. Blanchard

The aim of the present study was to verify, during a stressful sport competition, the associations between motivational antecedents and consequences of the coping process. Using a two-wave design, we tested a model that incorporates motivational orientations, coping dimensions, goal attainment, and affective states among athletes (N = 122). Path analyses using EQS revealed that self-determination toward sport positively predicted the use of task-oriented coping strategies during a stressful sport competition, while non-self-determined motivation predicted the use of disengagement-oriented coping strategies. Task-oriented coping, in turn, was positively associated with the level of goal attainment experienced in the competition, whereas disengagement-oriented coping was negatively associated with goal attainment. Finally, level of goal attainment was positively linked to an increase in positive emotional states from pre- to postcompetition, and negatively associated with an increase in negative emotional states. Findings are discussed in light of coping frameworks, self-determination theory, and the consequences of motivational and coping processes on psychological functioning.

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Anne Holding, Jo-Annie Fortin, Joëlle Carpentier, Nora Hope, and Richard Koestner

clinical interventions and build theoretical bridges between OIT, BPNT, and goal adjustment theory. Conclusion In conclusion, this paper explored novel motivational antecedents of disengagement from a terminated athletic career grounded in SDT. This study highlights the need for transition and support

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Matthew D. Bird, Eadie E. Simons, and Patricia C. Jackman

.F. , Ntoumanis , N. , & Mallet , C.J. ( 2014a ). Mental toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health . Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 36 ( 3 ), 281 – 292 . doi: 10.1123/jsep.2013-0260 Mahoney , J.W. , Gucciardi , D.F. , Ntoumanis

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Emily Kroshus, Sara P.D. Chrisman, David Coppel, and Stanley Herring

counseling . Journal of College Counseling, 16 ( 1 ), 19 – 31 . doi:10.1002/j.2161-1882.2013.00024.x 10.1002/j.2161-1882.2013.00024.x Mahoney , J.W. , Gucciardi , D.F. , Ntoumanis , N. , & Mallet , C.J. ( 2014 ). Mental toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with

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Jonathan Rhodes, Jon May, Jackie Andrade, and David Kavanagh

.F. , Ntoumanis , N. , & Mallet , C.J. ( 2014 ). Mental toughness in sport: Motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health . Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 36 , 281 – 292 . PubMed doi:10.1123/jsep.2013-0260 10.1123/jsep.2013-0260 Martin , K.A. , Moritz