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Judith Jiménez-Díaz, Karla Chaves-Castro and Walter Salazar

, 6 Moreover, low levels of MC have been reported in children, adolescents, and adults. 7 – 9 Given the former, it is important to identify which type(s) of movement program(s), that is, motor interventions, free play, regular physical education (PE) classes, improve MC across all age groups

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L. Kristi Sayers, Jo E. Cowden and Claudine Sherrill

The purpose of the study was to analyze parents’ perceptions of their participation in a university-directed, parent-implemented, home-based pediatric strength intervention program as (a) one approach to evaluating the effectiveness of a program conducted over a 4-year period with families of infants and toddlers with Down syndrome and (b) a means of deriving guidelines for future early intervention programs. Participants were 22 parents from 11 families of children with Down syndrome; the children ranged in age from 6 to 42 months. Participatory evaluation research, semistructured audio recorded home interviews, and qualitative content analysis were used. The results indicated that the parents (a) perceived themselves as being empowered to implement the program, (b) perceived their expectations about improved motor development of their children had been met, and (c) perceived the program was worthwhile. The parents’ perceptions provided meaningful evaluation data that enabled the development of guidelines for future pediatric strength intervention programs.

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Dale A. Ulrich and Janet L. Hauck

The purpose of this article is to discuss the growing problem of very early onset of obesity occurring before two years of age and to review infant motor development, physical activity, and effective pediatric disability motor interventions that may offer potential strategies to help reduce this growing problem earlier in life. Based on the review of physical activity interventions used with infants with a disability, we will propose strategies to consider to program early physical activity exposures into nondisabled young infants who are at risk for obesity. These proposed physical activity strategies will need to be combined with successful public health approaches to reducing early onset of obesity during infancy. Lucas (1991) conceived the term programming referring to permanent or extended effects of an environmental exposure occurring during a sensitive developmental period. In this paper, we propose that a very sensitive period for early onset of obesity is the first six months of postnatal life. If innovative strategies to increase the frequency of daily exposures to physical activity in young infants can be identified, these strategies could be combined with current public health approaches to preventing obesity in women before, during, and following pregnancy. Given the complexity of the obesity problem, no single strategy for prevention should be expected to be very successful.

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Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell and Ali Brian

executive functioning skills may be warranted. The purpose of this study is to examine if the evidence-based gross motor intervention, Successful Kinesthetic Instruction for Preschoolers (SKIP; Brian, Goodway, Logan, & Sutherland, 2017a ; Goodway & Branta, 2003 ), also improves young children’s executive

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Ali Brian, Laura Bostick, Angela Starrett, Aija Klavina, Sally Taunton Miedema, Adam Pennell, Alex Stribing, Emily Gilbert and Lauren J. Lieberman

& Branta, 2003 ; Kirk & Rhodes, 2011 ; Riethmuller, Jones, & Okely, 2009 ). However, the majority of gross motor interventions often lack ecological validity in that they often occur with researchers leading them or in a manner that cannot be replicated ( Brian et al., 2017a , 2017b ). Specifically

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Leah E. Robinson

a need to wonder what the brain is doing as it relates to movement—brain–behavior interaction. Tools are now available to determine brain activity and function while we are moving (i.e., in real time) or to understand the structural changes that are occurring before or after a motor intervention

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Nicolas Farina, Laura J. Hughes, Amber Watts and Ruth G. Lowry

F. ( 2012 ). Functional dependence and caregiver burden in Alzheimer’s disease: a controlled trial on the benefits of motor intervention . Psychogeriatrics, 12 ( 3 ), 186 – 192 . PubMed ID: 22994617 doi:10.1111/j.1479-8301.2012.00407.x 10.1111/j.1479-8301.2012.00407.x Cedervall , Y

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Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa, Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro and Frederico Ribeiro Neto

an SCI, understanding of the discriminant capacity of a variable may assist health and sports professionals in defining proper motor intervention strategies. Therefore, this study aimed to verify whether discriminant analysis using body composition, strength, and functional variables can discriminate

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Layne Case and Joonkoo Yun

& Válková, 2010 ; Wuang et al., 2010 ) to 2017 ( Edwards et al., 2017 ; Guest et al., 2017 ; Ketcheson et al., 2017 ; Pan et al., 2017 ), suggesting that gross motor intervention research is of recent interest. The participant samples ranged from 3 ( DeBolt et al., 2010 ; Yanardag et al., 2013 ) to 60

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Ali Brian, Sally Taunton, Chelsee Shortt, Adam Pennell and Ryan Sacko

, perceptions drop, and children are more likely to opt out of PA ( Stodden et al., 2008 ; True et al., 2017 ). Thus, motor intervention in the early years is critical before PMC declines. Motor skill interventions are often a highly effective strategy for improving MC ( Logan, Robinson, Wilson, & Lucas, 2012