. Perception of risk and attractiveness of extreme sports among Turkish university students . Hacettepe J Sport Sci . 2014 ; 25 ( 1 ): 11 – 22 . 3. Lippi G , Salvagno GL , Franchini M , Guidi GC . Changes in technical regulations and drivers’ safety in top-class motor sports . Br J Sports Med
Emanuele D’Artibale, Maheswaran Rohan and John B. Cronin
Pamela Wicker, Kevin Filo and Graham Cuskelly
When community sport clubs are impacted by natural disasters, organizational resilience is critical to recovery. Within this study, organizational resilience is conceptualized as a function of robustness, redundancy, resourcefulness, and rapidity, and applied to community sport clubs. Using data from a survey of sport clubs (n = 200) in Queensland, Australia, the organizational resilience of affected clubs and their recovery from natural disasters (flooding, cyclone) was investigated. The findings show that clubs used human and financial resources predominantly in their recovery efforts. Organizational resilience, number of members, and the use of government grants had a significant positive effect on the extent of the club’s perceived overall recovery. Clubs providing equestrian, golf, and motor sports recovered to a significantly lower extent. Proactively pursuing government grants, suitable insurance coverage, and interorganizational relationships were identified as factors that assisted clubs in becoming more resilient. The measurement of resilience should be refined and expanded in future research.
Julie Ward was deputy managing editor at USA Today for nearly 2 decades, from 1989 to 2007. She joined USA Today as a general-assignment reporter in 1984 and also was an assignment editor for the NBA, golf, tennis, motor sports, boxing, colleges, and high schools. USA Today is the top-circulation daily newspaper in the United States. Ward led the USA Today team that won the 2002 Associated Press Sports Editors award for a story that revealed the 302 members of Augusta National Golf Club, which had been embroiled in controversy because of its policy to exclude women from membership. In 2007, Ward also won the Mary Garber Pioneer Award from the Association for Women in Sports Media. In December, she accepted a severance offer (buyout) and retired from working at the paper. Before joining USA Today, she was a reporter for the St. Louis Globe-Democrat and the Belleville (IL) News-Democrat, where she covered women’s sports and was a columnist.
, there is no mention of more recent U.K based stories such as Ched Evans, however this could be merely down to timing. The book mainly focuses on boxing when making arguments surrounding specific sports and reduction in offending, yet Groombridge stretches arguments to motor sports and football, which is
Christopher Rumpf and Christoph Breuer
sport were selected (soccer, motor sports, golf, and biathlon) that represent the most popular spectator sports on national television in the country where the study was conducted. From these types of sport, we picked events based on their relevance and footage availability (see Appendix for the list