Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 560 items for :

  • "motor learning" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Emmanuel Jacobs, Ann Hallemans, Jan Gielen, Luc Van den Dries, Annouk Van Moorsel, Jonas Rutgeerts, and Nathalie A. Roussel

, sports, and so on) can be influenced by training. However, in contrast to athletes or dancers, the training methods of theater performers usually do not take the principles of motor learning into account. Rather, they are trained by theater pedagogues or other performers who follow their own empirical

Restricted access

Stephen R. Bested, Gerome A. Manson, and Luc Tremblay

on motor learning remains underwhelming outside of the context of simple aiming tasks. In contrast, error amplification during robotic guidance has yielded results that seem to be relatively permanent (e.g.,  Marchal-Crespo et al., 2014 ; Williams et al., 2016 ). For example, Williams et

Restricted access

Keith Lohse, Taylor Buchanan, and Matthew Miller

Appropriate statistical analysis is essential for accurate and reliable research. Statistical practices have an immediate impact on the perceived results of a single study but also remote effects on the dissemination of information among scientists and the cumulative nature of research. To accurately quantify potential problems facing the field of motor learning, we systematically reviewed publications from seven journals over the past 2 years to find experiments that tested the effects of different training conditions on delayed retention and transfer tests (i.e., classic motor learning paradigms). Eighteen studies were included. These studies had small sample sizes (Mdn n/group = 11.00, interquartile range [IQR]= 9.6–15.5), multiple dependent variables (Mdn = 2, IQR = 2–4), and many statistical tests per article (Mdn = 83.5, IQR = 55.8–112.5). The observed effect sizes were large (d = 0.71, IQR = 0.49, 1.11). However, the distribution of effect sizes was biased, t(16) = 3.48, p < .01. These metadata indicate problems with the way motor learning research is conducted (or at least published). We recommend several potential solutions to address these issues: a priori power calculations, prespecified analyses, data sharing, and dissemination of null results. Furthermore, we hope these data will spark serious action from all stakeholders (researchers, editorial boards, and publishers) in the field.

Restricted access

Timothy D. Lee and Heather Carnahan

At the time of publication of Brooks’s ( 1981 ) book on the academic discipline of kinesiology, the field of motor learning had died or at least been given last rites. Many investigators who had studied how motor skills are improved with practice had since turned their attention to movement control

Restricted access

Ramesh Kaipa, Michael Robb, and Richard Jones

In this experiment, we investigated the role of practice variability (constant versus variable practice) and practice schedule (random versus blocked practice) on spatial and temporal learning of a speech task as a function of aging. The participants were 80 healthy individuals (40–80 years) with no history of cognitive, sensory, or motor disorders. A median split was performed to divide the participants into older and younger groups. The median split was at 59 years of age, thus placing 40 participants in each age group. The participants were assigned to one of four practice groups and practiced a nonmeaningful phrase for two consecutive days. On the third day, the participants reproduced the speech phrase without practice. Data analysis revealed that older participants involved in constant practice demonstrated superior temporal learning of the speech task over participants on variable practice. Older participants on random practice demonstrated better spatial learning of the speech task than did participants on blocked practice. In contrast, there was no effect of practice conditions on spatial and temporal learning outcomes in the younger group. The findings indicate that practice variability and practice schedule influence different aspects of a complex speech-motor learning task among older adults but not among younger adults.

Restricted access

Sachi Ikudome, Kou Kou, Kisho Ogasa, Shiro Mori, and Hiroki Nakamoto

It is a common goal of all athletes to attain a higher level of performance. Therefore, it is important to understand whether a practice strategy that is known to have a positive effect on the acquisition of motor skills is equally effective for everyone. In the field of motor learning, several

Restricted access

Anderson Nascimento Guimarães, Herbert Ugrinowitsch, Juliana Bayeux Dascal, Alessandra Beggiato Porto, and Victor Hugo Alves Okazaki

.7326/0003-4819-151-4-200908180-00135 Newell , K.M. , & Vaillancourt , D.E. ( 2001 ). Dimensional change in motor learning . Human Movement Science, 20 ( 4 ), 695 – 715 . doi:10.1016/S0167-9457(01)00073-2 10.1016/S0167-9457(01)00073-2 Newell , K.M. , & van Emmerik , R.E.A. ( 1989 ). The acquisition of coordination: Preliminary

Restricted access

Jence A. Rhoads, Marcos Daou, Keith R. Lohse, and Matthew W. Miller

is thought to occur explicitly, and is frequently indexed by determining how many facts can be recalled; in the case of motor learning, these facts are about the skill being learned. Interestingly, declarative knowledge may cause motor learning to occur in an inefficient manner, whereby the learned

Restricted access

Dagmar Linnhoff, Shahab Alizadeh, Nina Schaffert, and Klaus Mattes

, appropriate sound mapping strategies have to be developed ( Brock, Schmitz, Baumann, & Effenberg, 2012 ). The question of feedback effectiveness within gait therapy strongly relates to motor control and motor learning theory. The influence of different feedback entities such as valence, frequency and type, on

Restricted access

Mohsen Shafizadeh, Shahab Parvinpour, and Andrew Barnes

interventions applied the principles of motor learning in the design of their practice model. Motor learning is an internal process that leads to permanent changes in the motor behaviors through practice and experience ( Schmidt & Wrisberg, 2008 ). To acquire the motor skills by permanent changes and