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Kenda C. Swanson and Gavin R. McCormack

Background:

Evidence regarding the relative contributions of physical activity (PA) and driving behavior on weight status is limited. This study examined the associations between driving and PA behavior and weight status among Canadian adults.

Methods:

A random cross-section of Calgarian adults (n = 1026) completed a telephone-interview and a self-administered questionnaire. Weekly physical activity time, daily driving time, BMI, motor vehicle access, and demographic characteristics were captured. Logistic regression was used to estimate associations between driving minutes (0−209, 219−419, 420−839, 840−1679, and ≥ 1680 min/week), motor vehicle access, sufficient PA (210 min/week of moderate-intensity PA or 90 min/week of vigorous-intensity PA), and the likelihood of being 1) overweight/obese vs. healthy weight and 2) obese only vs. healthy/ overweight.

Results:

Compared with driving ≤ 209 min/week, driving 840 to 1679 min/week significantly (P < .05) increased the likelihood of being overweight/obese (OR 2.08). Insufficient PA was positively associated with being overweight/obese (OR 1.43). Each hour/week of driving was associated with a 1.6% reduction in the odds of achieving sufficient PA. A 3-fold increase (OR 3.73) in the likelihood of overweight was found among insufficiently active individuals who drove 210 to 419 min/week compared with sufficiently active individuals who drove ≤ 209 min/week.

Conclusion:

Interventions that decrease driving time and increase PA participation may be important for reducing weight among Canadian adults.

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Alejandra Jáuregui, Catalina Medina, Deborah Salvo, Simon Barquera, and Juan A. Rivera-Dommarco

Background:

Travel to school offers a convenient way to increase physical activity (PA) levels in youth. We examined the prevalence and correlates of active commuting to school (ACS) in a nationally representative sample of Mexican adolescents. A secondary objective was to explore the association between ACS and BMI status.

Methods:

Using data of adolescents (10–14 years old) from the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (n = 2952) we ran multivariate regression models to explore the correlates of ACS and to test the association between ACS and BMI z-score or overweight/obesity. Models were adjusted for potential confounders and design effect.

Results:

70.8% of adolescents engaged in ACS (walking: 68.8%, bicycling: 2.0%). ACS was negatively associated with travel time, age, mother’s education level, household motor vehicle ownership, family socioeconomic status, and living in urban areas or the North region of the country (P < .05). Time in ACS was negatively associated with overweight/obesity: Each additional minute of ACS was associated with a 1% decrease in the odds for being overweight or obese (P < .05).

Conclusions:

Potential correlates of ACS that may result in benefits for Mexican adolescents are identified. More studies on this relationship are needed to develop interventions aimed at increasing PA through ACS in Mexico.

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Gavin R. McCormack, Billie Giles-Corti, and Max Bulsara

Background:

This study examines the relationships between the availability and use of recreational destinations and physical activity.

Methods:

Analysis included n = 1355 respondents. Associations between the density of free and pay-for-use recreational destinations, demographics, and use of free and pay-for-use recreational destinations within the neighborhood were examined, followed by associations with sufficient moderate and vigorous physical activity using generalized estimating equations.

Results:

The likelihood of using a local pay recreational destination increased for each additional local pay facility (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.32 to 1.73) and was lower for those with motor vehicle access (OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.26 to 0.99). The likelihood of using a local free destination increased for each additional local free facility (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.20) and was higher among women (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.11 to 2.44). Destination use was associated with both moderate and vigorous-intensity physical activity.

Conclusions:

Increasing the density of neighborhood recreational destinations is associated with the use of facilities and participation in sufficient levels of physical activity.

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Javier Molina-García and Ana Queralt

parents was used. The number of motor vehicles per licensed drivers in the household was evaluated through using 2 open-answer questions: “How many drivable motor vehicles (cars, motorcycles) are there at your household?” and “How many licensed drivers are in your household?” Other covariates were gender

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Sheena S. Philip, Joy C. Macdermid, Saranya Nair, Dave Walton, and Ruby Grewal

Inc., Chicago, IL). The injury mechanism was coded as a fall on ice or snow, other falls, motor vehicle collisions, industrial, and sports injuries. The cause for the “other falls” verbalized by patients was examined to know the contributing factor for fracture. The energy level of fractures was

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-Lavallée lesions? a. CT scan b. MRI c. ultrasound d. x-ray 11. Morel-Lavallée lesions are most often seen from trauma caused by: a. football b. motor vehicle accidents c. recreational sports d. surgical incisions 12. In the Sway Balance mobile application study by Dunn et al., which two stances showed poor

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Erin Macaronas, Shannon David, and Nicole German

conditions. Furthermore, making the appropriate referral to a health care professional, if necessary, is critical to an appropriate treatment approach. Research suggests that this condition is most often seen in motor vehicle accidents (with shearing forces) and occurs most commonly on the pelvis, greater

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Jerome N. Rachele, Vincent Learnihan, Hannah M. Badland, Suzanne Mavoa, Gavin Turrell, and Billie Giles-Corti

living in areas with lower traffic volume encourages more walking for transport in adults. This finding is not surprising. Areas with more shops and services not only encourage more walking but also attract more motor vehicle traffic as both pedestrians and motorists access those shops and services. In

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Kyle Southall, Matt Price, and Courtney Wisler

commonly seen in pelvic and acetabular fractures after high-intensity events such as motor vehicle accidents and falls from extreme heights. The forces and pressures experienced result in a closed soft tissue injury in which the skin and subcutaneous tissue are separated from the underlying fascia

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Kieran James and Yogesh Nadan

died in a cruel motor vehicle accident on August 4, 1984; and other Ba players Bola, Julie Sami, and Semi Tabaiwalu had either retired or fallen out of consideration due to declining form and influence while playing in the black shirt of Ba. (Bola and Tabaiwalu had been involved in the same motor