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Jonathan Leo Ng, Chris Button, Dave Collins, Susan Giblin, and Gavin Kennedy

competence would appear to be between 5–12 years of age when children are typically sampling a wide range of different movement activities while also experiencing significant maturational changes ( MacNamara, Collins, & Giblin, 2015 ). Yet, validated assessment tools for movement competence typically involve

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Lisa M. Barnett and Owen Makin

Assessing young children’s perceptions is commonly done one on one with an interviewer. An app enables several children to complete the scale at once. The objective was to describe an app to assess children’s perceptions of movement competence and then present consistency of child responses. The Pictorial Scale of Perceived Movement Skill Competence (PMSC) has fundamental movement skill (FMS; e.g., catch) and play items (e.g., cycling). The PMSC android app has the same items and images but children complete it independently with audio. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) assessed i) test-retest reliability using the PMSC app on 18 items in 42 children (M = 6.8 yrs) and ii) consistency between measures for 13 FMS items in 44 children (M = 8.5 yrs). Over time (M = 6.9 days, SD = 0.35) the full PMSC had good consistency (ICC = 0.79, 95% CI 0.64–0.88) and the FMS items had moderate consistency (ICC = 0.68, 95% CI 0.47–0.81). There was good agreement between the app and interview for FMS items (ICC = 0.86, 95% CI 0.76–0.92). Locomotor items were less consistent. The PMSC app can generally be recommended. Future research could investigate how different forms of digital assessment affect children’s perception.

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Thelma S. Horn

movement competence are related to (even predictive of) children’s motivation and behavior with regard to physical activity, health-related fitness status, risk for obesity, as well as their psychosocial health and well-being. Much of this cited research is based on cross-sectional research work, but there

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Lisa M. Barnett and J.D. Goodway

Development , 6 ( Suppl 2 ). doi:10.1123/jmld.2016-0076 10.1123/jmld.2016-0076 Barnett , L.M. , & Makin , O. ( 2018 ). An app to assess young children’s perceptions of movement competence . Journal of Motor Learning and Development , 6 ( Suppl 2 ). doi:10.1123/jmld.2017-0039 10.1123/jmld.2017

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David Morley, Andrew Miller, James Rudd, Johann Issartel, Jackie Goodway, Donna O’Connor, Stephen Harvey, Paul Ogilvie, and Thomas van Rossum

). Globally, evidence suggests that children’s levels of movement competence are low ( Adolph, Karasik, & Tamis-LeMonda, 2010 ; Behan, Belton, Peers, O’Connor, & Issartel, 2019 ; Morgan et al., 2013 ; Morley, Till, Ogilvie, & Turner, 2015 ). Therefore, the development of effective coaches and coaching

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Peter Hastie

. What was particularly discouraging in this study was that one in four of the children do not achieve competence in any of the three sport activities. In terms of high-school-level movement competence, Mitchell, Castelli, and Strainer ( 2003 ) examined the SCPEAP data from 62 schools and 160 teachers

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Cheryl A. Coker and Brittney Herrick

 al., 2008 ). This relationship is mediated by perceptions of movement competence ( Barnett, Morgan, Van Beurden, Ball, & Lubans, 2011 ; Barnett, van Beurden, Morgan, & Beard, 2008 ; De Meester et al., 2016 ; Sallis, Prochaska, & Taylor, 2000 ). Specifically, children who perceive themselves as having low

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Lisa E. Bolger, Linda A. Bolger, Cian O’Neill, Edward Coughlan, Wesley O’Brien, Seán Lacey, and Con Burns

efficient cognitive functioning and academic performance. 5 FMS proficiency is also inversely associated with weight status. 2 , 6 Perceived movement competence, that is, one’s belief regarding his or her movement abilities, also influences one’s engagement in PA. 7 It is proposed that children with high

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Johannes Carl, Gorden Sudeck, and Klaus Pfeifer

, for a healthy, physically active lifestyle, people should possess a certain level of movement competence that allows them directly to participate in a wide spectrum of leisure activities (eg, running or swimming) and to accomplish important challenges of daily life (eg, riding a bike or carrying a box

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Betty Rose, Dawne Larkin, and Bonnie G. Berger

According to competence motivation theory, children who are successful at movement will be intrinsically motivated in the motor domain (Harter, 1978, 1981a). By contrast, intrinsic motivation of children who repeatedly fail at movement is likely to diminish. The present study aimed to examine motivational orientations of children (N = 130) who differed in motor ability. Children (age 8-12) were categorized as coordinated (n = 62) or poorly coordinated (n = 68) according to scores on a neuromuscular development battery (McCarron, 1982). The poorly coordinated group was less motivated by challenge than well-coordinated participants as measured on the Motivational Orientation in Sport Scale (Weiss, Bredemeier, & Shewchuk, 1985a). Girls were less intrinsically motivated toward challenge than boys. There was little support that movement competence and motivational orientation are linked.