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Thomas H. Kelly and Carl G. Mattacola


The National Institutes of Health's Clinical and Translational Science Award initiative is designed to establish and promote academic centers of clinical and translational science (CTS) that are empowered to train and advance multi- and interdisciplinary investigators and research teams to apply new scientific knowledge and techniques to enhance patient care. Among the key components of a full-service center for CTS is an educational platform to support research training in CTS. Educational objectives and resources available to support the career development of the clinical and translational scientists, including clinical research education, mentored research training, and career development support, are described.


The purpose of the article is to provide an overview of the CTS educational model so that rehabilitation specialists can become more aware of potential resources that are available and become more involved in the delivery and initiation of the CTS model in their own workplace. Rehabilitation clinicians and scientists are well positioned to play important leadership roles in advancing the academic mission of CTS. Rigorous academic training in rehabilitation science serves as an effective foundation for supporting the translation of basic scientific discovery into improved health care. Rehabilitation professionals are immersed in patient care, familiar with interdisciplinary health care delivery, and skilled at working with multiple health care professionals.


The NIH Clinical and Translational Science Award initiative is an excellent opportunity to advance the academic development of rehabilitation scientists.

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Kirsty Forsdike and Simone Fullagar

orientation, we explore Victorian sport organizations’ response to violence against women through a collaborative forum that brought together organizations that often work in silos—state sporting organizations, violence prevention and women’s organizations, and multidisciplinary researchers. Methods Research

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Laura Capranica and Mindy L. Millard-Stafford

A prevailing theory (and practical application) is that elite performance requires early childhood skill development and training across various domains, including sport. Debate continues whether children specializing early (ie, training/competition in a single sport) have true advantage compared with those who sample various sports early and specialize in a single sport later (adolescence). Retrospective data and case studies suggest either model yields elite status depending upon the sport category (ie, situational: ball games, martial arts, fencing; quantitative: track and feld, swimming, skiing; or qualitative: gymnastics, diving, figure skating). However, potential risks of early specialization include greater attrition and adverse physical/emotional health outcomes. With the advent of the IOC Youth Olympic Games, increased emphasis on global youth competition has unknown implications but also represents a potential platform for investigation. Modification of youth competition formats should be based upon multidisciplinary research on psycho-physiological responses, and technical-tactical behaviors during competition. The assumption that a simple scaled-down approach of adult competitions facilitates the development of technical/tactical skills of youth athletes is not necessarily substantiated with field-based research. Relatively little evidence exists regarding the long-term effects of rigorous training and competitive schedules on children in specific sports. It is clear that more prospective studies are needed to understand the training dose that optimally develops adaptations in youth without inducing dropout, overtraining syndrome, and/or injury. Such an approach should be sport specific as well as gender based. Until such evidence exists, coaches and sport administrators will continue to rely upon their sport-specific dogma to influence programmatic development of our most vulnerable population.

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Lindsay S. Nagamatsu and Patricia C. Heyn

strategic direction of the journal. We are excited to take on this new role where we will be able to have greater impact for leading the mission of JAPA to disseminate multidisciplinary research on the bi-directional relationship between physical activity and aging. With the growing population of older

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Øyvind Sandbakk, Mark Burnley, James Hopker, Athanasios Pappous, Samuele Maria Marcora, and Gary Brickley

never forgot that there needed to be an outcome from his research that improved or informed practice of athletes, coaches, or other scientists. Louis valued interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research that integrated physiology with other sciences. This approach is exemplified by the development of

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Ralph Beneke and Renate M. Leithäuser

multidisciplinary research of sport physiologists, basic scientists, clinicians, and performance specialists combining rigorous science with reasoned practical applications in elite sports. References 1. Handelsman DJ , Hirschberg AL , Bermon S . Circulating testosterone as the hormonal basis of sex

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Katja Siefken, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Temo Waqanivalu, and Nico Schulenkorf

putting LMICs firmly on the global PA agenda and thus create the inclusive change that is long overdue. As a first tangible step, we have compiled the edited volume Physical Activity in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (Routledge, 2022), which brings together the latest multidisciplinary research on PA

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Donna L. Goodwin and Janice Causgrove Dunn

problem with no attempt to integrate the different perspectives while cross-disciplinary research has been used as a synonym for multidisciplinary research, an umbrella term for disciplinary collaborations, or the viewing of one discipline from the viewpoint of another ( Bouffard & Spencer-Cavaliere, 2016

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Daniel Bok, Karim Chamari, and Carl Foster

-2019-100715 31097450 10.1136/bjsports-2019-100715 14. Homles EA , O’Connor RC , Perry VH , et al . Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science . Lancet Psychiatry . 2020 ; 7 ( 6 ): 547 – 560 . doi:10.1016/S2215

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David P. Hedlund

in the longer term, more research can be published, more collaborations can be made, and more interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research can result. Another important aspect of the inclusive mission of JEGE is to be prepared to accommodate new and emerging topics. Evolutionary and revolutionary