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Michelle A. Sandrey and Jonathan G. Mitzel


Core training specifically for track and field athletes is vague, and it is not clear how it affects dynamic balance and core-endurance measures.


To determine the effects of a 6-week core-stabilization-training program for high school track and field athletes on dynamic balance and core endurance.




High school in north central West Virginia.


Thirteen healthy high school student athletes from 1 track and field team volunteered for the study.


Subjects completed pretesting 1 wk before data collection. They completed a 6-wk core-stabilization program designed specifically for track and field athletes. The program consisted of 3 levels with 6 exercises per level and lasted for 30 min each session 3 times per week. Subjects progressed to the next level at 2-wk intervals. After 6 wk, posttesting was conducted

Main Outcome Measures:

The subjects were evaluated using the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) for posteromedial (PM), medial (M), and anteromedial (AM) directions; abdominal-fatigue test (AFT); back-extensor test (BET); and side-bridge test (SBT) for the right and left sides.


Posttest results significantly improved for all 3 directions of the SEBT (PM, M, and AM), AFT, BET, right SBT, and left SBT. Effect size was large for all variables except for PM and AM, where a moderate effect was noted. Minimal-detectable-change scores exceeded the error of the measurements for all dependent variables.


After the 6-wk core-stabilization-training program, measures of the SEBT, AFT, BET, and SBT improved, thus advocating the use of this core-stabilization-training program for track and field athletes.

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Paul A. Ullucci, Frank Tudini, and Matthew F. Moran

, a gap in the literature demonstrating the efficacy of this technology specifically for measuring UCROM. One inclinometer-based application, Clinometer (plaincode, Stephanskirchen, Germany), uses the device’s internal sensors to measure multiplanar movements in real time, with a self

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Stuart R. Graham, Stuart Cormack, Gaynor Parfitt, and Roger Eston

depends on the type of training performed. The comparable retrospective predictability between TRIMPs Dist and TRIMPs PL observed in this study suggests that a relatively small proportion of the in-season training load involved impacts, collisions, and/or multiplanar movements; consequently, foot

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Matt Greig, Hannah Emmerson, and John McCreadie

designed to replicate progressions in ankle joint rehabilitation, transitioning from planar to multiplanar movements, and with increased loading challenge. Data analysis was restricted to those trials performed on the dominant leg, and technique was standardized by utilizing commercially available agility

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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, José Luis Estévez Rodríguez, and Archit Navandar

-up following the injury. The RRP was divided into the indoor and the on-field programs, each of which had the objective of strengthening the injured muscle and retraining conditional capacities that permitted the execution of different multiplanar movements specific to soccer. The experts highly rated the

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David Rhodes, Jill Alexander, and Matt Greig

evidence has reported a large increase in the number of ACL injuries sustained within elite male footballers and the detrimental effect these injuries can have on a player’s career. 19 , 22 , 23 Both lateral ankle sprains and knee injuries are associated with multiplanar movements when the injury is

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Matthew Robinson, Grant E. Norte, Amanda Murray, and Neal R. Glaviano

during multiplanar movements. In addition, while NMES applied to the quadriceps results in pain, early fatigue, and intolerance of increasing NMES intensity, 19 these safety concerns are unknown when NMES is superimposed to the GMed during therapeutic exercise. The effectiveness of novel interventions

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Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Deena M. Weiss, Stephanie A. Kliethermes, and Tamara A. Scerpella

school, the classes also incorporated the focal resistance training intervention for 8 to 12 minutes per gym class as a supervised circuit training program. The program utilized exercise bands, handheld weights, and body weight, emphasizing weight-bearing, whole-body, multiplanar movements. Progressive