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A Study on Trunk Muscle Activation of 2 Deep Water Running Styles (High-Knee and Cross-Country Style) and Land Walking

Billy Chun-Lung So, Calvin Hong-Nin Yuen, Ken Long-Hin Tung, Sheena Lam, Sammy Lan Cheng, Zina Wing-Lam Hung, Rainy Wai-Kwan Leung, and Grace Pui-Yuk Szeto

and impact experienced in running on land. 7 However, participants need to overcome water resistance and turbulence in an unstable floating environment. 8 Therefore, it is reasonable to query to what extent trunk muscle activation to stabilize the body during DWR differs from that needed on land. 9

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Effects of Optimization Technique on Simulated Muscle Activations and Forces

Sarah A. Roelker, Elena J. Caruthers, Rachel K. Hall, Nicholas C. Pelz, Ajit M.W. Chaudhari, and Robert A. Siston

Musculoskeletal modeling and simulation techniques enable estimates of variables that influence movement, including muscle activations and forces. Many of these variables are not commonly determined in human experiments because of the significant pain and discomfort to the subject with approaches

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Effect of Loading Devices on Muscle Activation in Squat and Lunge

Hong-Wen Wu, Cheng-Feng Tsai, Kai-Han Liang, and Yi-Wen Chang

. The effect of different squat skills on muscle activation, such as wall squat or single-leg squat, has been examined in previous literatures. Ayotte et al 6 compared the differences of muscle activities of gluteal muscles, biceps femoris, and vastus medialis among wall squat, minisquat, and step

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External Focus Reduces Accuracy and Increases Antagonist Muscle Activation in Novice Adolescent Soccer Players

Serkan Uslu and Emel Çetin Özdoğan

football players, the muscle activation pattern changes according to the target’s position, and this is also related to accuracy. Cerrah et al. ( 2020 ) showed a positive correlation between the activation of the vastus medialis muscle and ball speed. Rabello et al. ( 2021 ) evaluated the muscle activation

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The Influence of Ambulatory Aid on Lower-Extremity Muscle Activation During Gait

Michael Sanders, Anton E. Bowden, Spencer Baker, Ryan Jensen, McKenzie Nichols, and Matthew K. Seeley

tissue. 19 Related to this idea, it is important to understand how different ambulatory aids used during nonweight bearing can affect muscle activation. This understanding will assist physical rehabilitation professionals in recommending an ambulatory aid for a particular patient based on rehabilitation

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Effect of Stretching Protocols on Glenohumeral-Joint Muscle Activation in Elite Table Tennis Players

Omid Kazemi, Amir Letafatkar, and Paulo H. Marchetti

(decrease in motor unit activation, firing frequency, and reflex inhibition from afferent types III and IV) that reduce muscle activation, (b) mechanical factors (changes in the viscoelastic properties of the musculotendinous unit or changes in the angle–torque relationship) that affect the transmittal of

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Muscle Activation Patterns Correlate With Race Walking Economy in Elite Race Walkers: A Waveform Analysis

Josu Gomez-Ezeiza, Jordan Santos-Concejero, Jon Torres-Unda, Brian Hanley, and Nicholas Tam

electromyography, were found to be higher in race walking than in running. 15 However, the key factor that might facilitate a more efficient oxygen cost of transport is the timing of muscle activation during the gait cycle, 16 as preactivation of lower limb posterior musculature has been found to relate to the

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Effects of Mental Fatigue on Physical Endurance Performance and Muscle Activation Are Attenuated by Monetary Incentives

Denver M.Y. Brown and Steven R. Bray

). In the exercise domain, studies have measured muscle activation (i.e., motor unit activation) while performing isometric muscle contractions ( Bray et al., 2008 ; Graham, Sonne, & Bray, 2014 ) and endurance cycling ( Pageaux, Marcora, Rozand, & Lepers, 2015 ). These studies have shown that

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Muscle Activation in the Shoulder Girdle and Lumbopelvic-Hip Complex During Common Therapeutic Exercises

Luk Devorski, David M. Bazett-Jones, L. Colby Mangum, and Neal R. Glaviano

programs with LPHC-focused exercises to reduce pain, alleviate disability, improve subjective function, and increase objective measures, such as strength, mobility, and endurance. 3 , 7 , 8 Muscle activation is one method that can be used to assist clinicians in selecting appropriate exercises, depending

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Wearing an Inflatable Vest Alters Muscle Activation and Trunk Angle While Paddling a Surfboard

Jeff A. Nessler, Thomas Hastings, Kevin Greer, and Sean C. Newcomer

the bladder as needed while paddling in the ocean for extended periods of time. If the bladder can assist the surfer in maintaining the proper prone posture while paddling through passive extension of the trunk, this may result in less muscle activation of back, neck, and shoulder extensor muscles