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Corall S. Hjert and Cynthia J. Wright

Key Points ▸ Foam rolling (FR) has a moderate effect on muscle soreness or pain in individuals experiencing delayed onset muscle soreness at 24, 48, and 72 hr post activity that induces delayed onset muscle soreness. ▸ FR protocols at minimum should include FR of the affected muscle group twice for

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Berkiye Kirmizigil, Jeffry Roy Chauchat, Omer Yalciner, Gozde Iyigun, Ender Angin, and Gul Baltaci

Unaccustomed physical activity with high intensity and eccentric contractions may cause muscle damage that may present itself as delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). 1 , 2 Indeed, DOMS is accepted as a type I muscle strain. 3 Stiffness, soreness, and tenderness of muscles are symptoms associated

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Thomas W. Jones, Barry C. Shillabeer, and Marco Cardinale

exercise paradigms 5 – 7 and to describe the temporal characteristics of delayed-onset muscle soreness. 8 Recent work has investigated the acute responses and short-term recovery time course of Tsk to exercise, 8 and abnormal thermal patterns have been used to identify inflammatory responses in muscles

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Zeynep Hazar Kanik, Seyit Citaker, Canan Yilmaz Demirtas, Neslihan Celik Bukan, Bulent Celik, and Gurkan Gunaydin

Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a well-known phenomenon that occurs after unaccustomed or strenuous exercise, particularly if the exercise involves a lot of eccentric contractions. 1 Many theories have been proposed to explain the mechanism of DOMS, such as lactic acid accumulation, muscle

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Will Abbott, Callum Brashill, Adam Brett, and Tom Clifford

function and muscle soreness following a competitive soccer match in professional players. We hypothesized that TCJ supplementation would accelerate the recovery of muscle function and attenuate muscle soreness following a match. Methods Participants Twelve professional male soccer players from the reserve

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Gerard E. McMahon, Lee-Ann Sharp, and Rodney A. Kennedy

had been reporting wellness using the current system for ∼8 months at this time. Players completed a psychometric questionnaire ranking (1) muscle soreness (MS), (2) sleep quality, and (3) stress on a continuous Likert scale of 1 to 10 with 1 being “the worst” and 10 being “the best.” As such, this

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Thilo Hotfiel, Marion Kellermann, Bernd Swoboda, Dane Wildner, Tobias Golditz, Casper Grim, Martin Raithel, Michael Uder, and Rafael Heiss

Muscle injuries are one of the most common sports injuries, presenting an incidence up to 10% to 55% of all injuries. 1 – 3 Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), an entity of ultrastructural muscle injury is classified as an overexertion-functional muscle disorder type Ib according to the “Munich

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Lorette J. Pen, Craig Fisher, Gary A. Sforzo, and Beth G. McManis

The effects of cognitive strategies on pain tolerance and performance in subjects with muscle soreness were investigated. Female (n = 18) and male (n =12) subjects were matched for strength and then randomly assigned to dissociation, association, or control groups. Muscle soreness was induced in the quadriceps and hamstrings muscle groups by repeated eccentric contractions against heavy resistance, which resulted in significant decrements in peak torque (PT) and total work (TW). ANOVAs revealed no significant group differences (p < .05) in muscle soreness, state anxiety, and estimated strength and endurance performance 48 hr following the soreness induction. Association strategy subjects increased their quadriceps strength performance following cognitive intervention, whereas strength performance in the dissociation and control groups was not affected. No significant treatment effects were observed for hamstrings strength or quadriceps and hamstrings endurance. Both dissociation and association groups perceived that using the strategies enhanced their performance. This illusory efficacy effect may have implications for performance enhancement, particularly in injury rehabilitation.

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Kazunori Nosaka, P.▀ Sacco, and K.▀ Mawatari

This study investigated the effect of a supplement containing 9 essential and 3 non-essential amino acids on muscle soreness and damage by comparing two endurance exercise bouts of the elbow fexors with amino acid or placebo supplementation in a double blind crossover design. The supplement was ingested 30 min before (10 h post-fasting) and immediately after exercise (Experiment 1), or 30 min before (2-3 h after breakfast), immediately post, and 8 more occasions over 4-day post-exercise (Experiment 2). Changes in muscle soreness and indicators of muscle damage for 4 days following exercise were compared between supplement conditions using two-way ANOVA. No significant differences between conditions were evident for Experiment 1; however, plasma creatine kinase, aldolase, myoglobin, and muscle soreness were significantly lower for the amino acid versus placebo condition in Experiment 2. These results suggest that amino acid supplementation attenuates DOMS and muscle damage when ingested in recovery days.

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Jordan D. Philpott, Chris Donnelly, Ian H. Walshe, Elizabeth E. MacKinley, James Dick, Stuart D.R. Galloway, Kevin D. Tipton, and Oliver C. Witard

leakage of myofiber proteins ( Clarkson & Hubal, 2002 ). These metabolic events are associated with delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) and local muscular inflammation 24–48 hours after exercise ( Armstrong, 1984 ; Fridén & Lieber, 2001 ). With a view to minimizing muscle damage and/or accelerating