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Lower Limb Flexibility in Children With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: Effects on Functional Performance

Lütfiye Akkurt, İpek Alemdaroğlu Gürbüz, Ayşe Karaduman, and Öznur Tunca Yilmaz

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common neuromuscular disease, seen in 1 in every 3600 live male births. DMD occurs as a result of many mutations in the dystrophin gene of the X chromosome. The mean age of diagnosis, when symptoms are first seen, is 4 years ( 5 , 17 , 28 ). Clinically

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Martial Arts Training for Boys With Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Maarten K.N. Stessel, Imelda J.M. de Groot, and Mariska M.H.P. Janssen

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive X-linked disorder characterized by progressive muscle wasting and weakness, resulting in loss of functional abilities. Functional deterioration leads to loss of independence and a reduced quality of life ( 2 ). As a result, it is important to

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The Role of Exercise as a Therapy for Children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Stephen P. Sayers

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a disease affecting muscle fiber integrity in boys that leads to progressive weakness in skeletal muscle and premature death. Currently, there is no known cure for the disease. Different interventions have been explored to delay the progression of the disease and improve the quality of life for the DMD patient. Physical activity is one treatment that has generated controversy due to the increased mechanical stress placed on the muscle during contraction. This review explores the literature in animal models and human DMD patients and evaluates the known theoretical risks and benefits of increased physical activity in DMD patients.

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Effects of Powerchair Football: Contextual Factors That Impact Participation

Aurelien Vandenbergue, J.P. Barfield, Said Ahmaidi, Stephanie Williams, and Thierry Weissland

physical impairments may transition to, or start out using, an electric wheelchair or powerchair to complete activities or participate in occupations/activities of daily living. Common causes of powerchair use include advancing age, neurologic impairment (including myopathy), muscular dystrophy, and spinal

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Singing and Dancing With Neuromuscular Conditions: A Mixed-Methods Study

Danielle Peers, Lindsay Eales, Kelvin Jones, Aidan Toth, Hernish Acharya, and Janice Richman–Eisenstat

). NMCs represent a category of diverse and rare genetic conditions, including many forms of muscular dystrophy, that involve the progressive, irreversible weakening of impacted muscle groups, which can lead to increasing mobility, fine motor, respiratory, speech, swallowing, and sensory impairments

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Factors Influencing the Physical Activity Levels of Youths with Physical and Sensory Disabilities

Patricia E. Longmuir and Oded Bar-Or

This study examined gender, disability type, age, and specific diagnostic category in relation to habitual physical activity levels (HPA), perceived fitness (PF), and perceived participation limitations (PPL) of youths, ages 6 to 20 years, in Ontario, Canada. Data collected through a mailed survey (Longmuir & Bar-Or, 1994) were reanalyzed using ANOVA and chi square statistics to provide new information. The 458 girls and 499 boys were classified by disability type: physical, chronic medical, visual, and hearing. Significant differences (p < .01) were between (a) HPA and disability type, specific diagnostic category, and age; (b) PF and disability type; and (c) PPL and disability type. Gender did not influence the results. Youths with cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and visual impairment had the most sedentary lifestyles.

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Inclusion Understood From the Perspectives of Children With Disability

Nancy Spencer-Cavaliere and E. Jane Watkinson

This study explored the perspectives of children with disabilities regarding the concept of inclusion in physical activity. Participants were children (two girls, nine boys, Mage = 10 years, five months, age range: 8–12 years) with disabilities, including cerebral palsy, fine and gross motor delays, developmental coordination disorder, muscular dystrophy, nemaline myopathy, brachial plexus injury, and severe asthma. Children’s perspectives on inclusion in physical activity (e.g., sports, games, and play) were explored through semistructured interviews. Interviews were digitally audio taped and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed through content analysis. Three themes emerged from the data: gaining entry to play, feeling like a legitimate participant, and having friends. These themes were associated with feeling included to varying degrees in sports, games, and play. In essence, it was the actions of others that were the prominent features identified by children that contributed to feeling more or less included in physical activity contexts. These results are discussed in relation to inclusion in physical education, recreation, and unstructured free play.

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Musculoskeletal Pain, Mood, and Sports Injury in Wheelchair Power Soccer Players

Ligia Raianne da Silva Moura, Jessica Fernandez Mosqueira Gomes, Fabiana Azevedo Terra Cunha Belache, Ney Armando de Mello Meziat Filho, and Patrícia dos Santos Vigário

incomplete 13.33% (n = 4)  High school complete 23.33% (n = 7)  College incomplete 10.00% (n = 3)  College complete 10.00% (n = 3) Functional classification  PF1 43.33% (n = 13)  PF2 56.67% (n = 17) Disability  Duchenne muscular dystrophy 33.33% (n = 10)  Becker muscular dystrophy 6.66% (n = 2)  Other type

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A Novel Method to Compute Breathing Volumes via Motion Capture Systems: Design and Experimental Trials

Carlo Massaroni, Eugenio Cassetta, and Sergio Silvestri

Duchenne muscular dystrophy . Eur Respir J . 2010 ; 35 ( 5 ): 1118 – 1125 . PubMed doi:10.1183/09031936.00037209 10.1183/09031936.00037209 8. LoMauro A , Romei M , Priori R , Laviola M , D’Angelo MG , Aliverti A . Alterations of

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Dance Programs for School-Age Individuals With Disabilities: A Systematic Review

Laura A. Prieto, Justin A. Haegele, and Luis Columna

of these studies used the term “mental retardation”), and two (12.5%) studies included individuals with a variety of different physical disabilities. Five other studies included the following disabilities: various nonspecified motor disabilities, visual impairment, muscular dystrophy, and profound