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Emma Hoffman, Abrianna D’Onofrio, Shelby Baez, and Julie Cavallario

Kinesio Tape is an elastic tape that is designed to relieve pain and provide musculoskeletal support. 23 Previous literature has examined the influence of Kinesio Tape on kinesiophobia in patients with musculoskeletal pain. 24 , 25 Due to the interconnectedness between pain intensity and kinesiophobia

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Yasmín Ezzatvar, Joaquín Calatayud, Lars L. Andersen, and José Casaña

This causes huge direct and indirect economic losses in terms of health care costs, reduced productivity, and lost time at work that affects workers, employers, and society. Particularly, health care professionals have been associated with a higher risk for developing musculoskeletal pain (MP), 3

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Suzanne G. Leveille, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, and Jack M. Guralnik

The authors examined the relationship between musculoskeletal pain, self-efficacy, attitudes and beliefs about exercise, and physical activity in 75- to 85-year-old adults. Participants rated their pain during the preceding month in their back, hips, knees, and feet on a scale of 0 to 10. Pain was categorized by number of sites of moderate to severe pain. Among the 325 participants, 42.8% reported at least moderate pain in at least 1 site. Having more pain sites was associated with younger age, lower income, depressed mood, and poorer self-rated health. Participants with more pain sites scored lower on exercise attitudes, beliefs, and self-efficacy, but the self-efficacy scale was most strongly associated with physical activity. Participants with 2–4 pain sites and low self-efficacy were >4 times as likely to be sedentary as those with no pain and high self-efficacy. These findings suggest that improving self-efficacy for exercise might be an important component of programs to increase physical activity in adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain.

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Eduardo L. Caputo, Paulo H. Ferreira, Manuela L. Ferreira, Andréa D. Bertoldi, Marlos R. Domingues, Debra Shirley, and Marcelo C. Silva

to explore how physical activity and exercises impact LBP in the long-term, during the postpartum period. Strength and Limitations Observational studies have previously been carried out as an attempt to determine the influence of an active lifestyle on the development of musculoskeletal pain in

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Amy Chaffee, Mariel Yakuboff, and Tomomi Tanabe

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Rumit S. Kakar, Hilary B. Greenberger, and Patrick O. McKeon

.39 to 0.39) compared with baseline. Moderate decrease in pain was also observed with MT on VAS (mean difference = 0.84 cm; Hedges’ g  = −0.32; 95% CI, −1.20 to 0.56) (Figure  2 ). The taping conditions were not able to achieve MCID of 30 mm/3 cm for musculoskeletal pain using VAS. 23 Figure 2 —Effect

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Timothy W. Cacciatore, Patrick M. Johnson, and Rajal G. Cohen

motor activity, we can start to understand how AT can have such a wide range of effects. What Is AT? The most common reasons that people study AT are to overcome problems with chronic musculoskeletal pain and to improve posture, general well-being, or skilled performance ( Eldred, Hopton, Donnison

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Kazuhiro Harada, Ai Shibata, Koichiro Oka, and Yoshio Nakamura

This study aimed to examine the association of muscle-strengthening activity with knee and low back pain, falls, and health-related quality of life among Japanese older adults. A cross-sectional survey targeted 3,000 people. The response rate was 52% and 208 respondents did not meet the inclusion criteria. Therefore, 1,351 individuals were analyzed. Muscle-strengthening activity (exercise using equipment and body weight, lifestyle activities), knee and low back pain, falls over the past year, health-related quality of life (SF-8), and potential confounders were assessed. Individuals engaging in exercise using body weight and lifestyle activity (≥ 2 days/week) were more likely to have knee pain. Engaging in exercise using equipment and body weight was associated with higher scores of general health. These results indicate that exercise using equipment and body weight might have a positive effect on health-related quality of life, but muscle-strengthening activities are associated with knee pain in older people.

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Christian A. Clermont, Andrew J. Pohl, and Reed Ferber

Context: The risk of experiencing an overuse running-related injury can increase with atypical running biomechanics associated with neuromuscular fatigue and/or training errors. While it is important to understand the changes in running biomechanics within a fatigue-inducing run, it may be more clinically relevant to assess gait patterns in the days following a marathon to better evaluate the effects of inadequate recovery on injury. Objective: To use center of mass (CoM) acceleration patterns to investigate changes in running patterns prior to (PRE) and at 2 (POST2) and 7 (POST7) days following a marathon race. Design: Pre–post intervention study. Setting: A 200-m oval track surface. Participants: Seventeen recreational marathon runners (10 females, age = 34.2 [5.67] y; 7 males, age = 47.41 [15.32] y). Intervention: Marathon race. Main Outcome Measures: An inertial measurement unit was placed near the CoM to collect triaxial acceleration data during overground running for PRE, POST2, and POST7 sessions. Twenty-two features were extracted from the acceleration waveforms to characterize different aspects of running gait. Lower-limb musculoskeletal pain was also recorded at each session with a visual analog scale. Results: At POST2, runners reported higher self-reported pain and exhibited elevated peak mediolateral acceleration with an increased mediolateral ratio of acceleration root mean square compared with PRE. At POST7, pain was reduced and more similar to PRE, with runners demonstrating increased stride regularity in the vertical direction and decreased peak resultant acceleration. Conclusions: The observed changes in CoM motion at POST2 may be associated with atypical running biomechanics that can translate to greater mediolateral impulses, potentially increasing the risk of injury. This study demonstrates the use of an accelerometer as an effective tool to detect atypical CoM motion for runners due to fatigue, recovery, and musculoskeletal pain in real-world environments.

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Sheila A. Dugan, Susan A. Everson-Rose, Kelly Karavolos, Barbara Sternfeld, Deidre Wesley, and Lynda H. Powell

Background:

This study was done to determine whether physical activity at baseline is independently associated with musculoskeletal pain and fulfilling one’s physical role over 3 subsequent years.

Methods:

Our research involved a 3-year longitudinal study of over 2400 community-dwelling, midlife women from the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN). Measurements included baseline physical activity using the Kaiser Permanente Health Plan Activity Survey and SF-36 role-physical and bodily pain indices at each of 3 annual follow-up visits.

Results:

Each 1-point increase on the physical activity score was associated with a 7% greater likelihood of a high role-physical score (95% CI = 1.02– 1.13) and a 10% greater likelihood of a low bodily pain score (95% CI = 1.04–1.17) after adjusting for age, race, menopausal status, educational level, body mass index, depressive symptoms, smoking, and chronic medical conditions. The association between physical activity level and role-physical score was eliminated in the fully adjusted model after adjustment for pain level in post hoc analysis [OR = 1.04 (95% CI = 0.98–1.09)].

Conclusion:

This study demonstrates that women who are more physically active at midlife experience less bodily pain over time regardless of menopausal status, sociodemographics, and medical conditions. Higher physical activity level positively impacts fulfilling one’s physical role; however, this is mediated by pain level.