inherent risk of musculoskeletal injury. 5 Musculoskeletal injuries are defined as injuries resulting from direct trauma or overuse that are sustained during sports participation. 6 Injuries are common in male adolescent Gaelic footballers. Recent research reported that one third of all players sustain
Sinéad O’Keeffe, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair, and Siobhán O’Connor
Xavier D. Thompson, Thomas M. Newman, Catherine C. Donahue, Nicholas K. Erdman, Siobhan M. Statuta, and Jacob E. Resch
: MSK, musculoskeletal injury; N/A, not applicable Table 2 Sport Demographic Information MSK group (n = 28 [%]) NoMSK group (n = 28 [%]) Football (lineman) 4 (14.3%) 4 (14.3%) Football (skill) 11 (39.3%) 11 (39.3%) Baseball (catcher) 1 (3.6%) 1 (3.6%) Cheer 2 (7.1%) 3 (10.7%) Dance 1 (3.6%) 0 (0%) Field
Kelly M. Cheever, W. Geoffrey Wright, Jane McDevitt, Michael Sitler, and Ryan T. Tierney
Perception surrounding contact sport participation has historically been impacted by both the potential effects of repetitive musculoskeletal injuries and exposure to head impacts leading to decreased long-term quality of life. 1 Observed correlations between head impacts and resultant increases
Amy R. Barchek, Shelby E. Baez, Matthew C. Hoch, and Johanna M. Hoch
physical activity is musculoskeletal injury including injuries to the knee 5 – 7 and ankle. 8 Most often subjective measures of physical activity have been utilized in these populations, including the Tegner activity scale 9 and the Marx activity scale. 10 However, most recently objective measures of
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Claire Gudex, Kjeld Andersen, Anders Bo Bojesen, and Uffe Jørgensen
of exercise withdrawal and reduced physical performance. However, we know little about the psychosocial effects of injury or how to identify exercisers who may develop emotional problems such as depression or stress after injury. Athletes with musculoskeletal injury have been found to express acute
Zachary Y. Kerr, Julianna Prim, J.D. DeFreese, Leah C. Thomas, Janet E. Simon, Kevin A. Carneiro, Stephen W. Marshall, and Kevin M. Guskiewicz
concussions, 3 – 8 musculoskeletal injuries are also a common occurrence in NFL players that merit empirical attention. It is estimated that most NFL players have experienced 3 or more injuries during their career. 9 Such injuries can be associated with long-term outcomes alongside loss of playing time
Mark R. Lafave, Nicholas G. Mohtadi, and Denise S. Chan
Edited by Gary Wilkerson
Evaluation of musculoskeletal injuries requires special knowledge and skills that are shared by different health professions, but the process used to establish a diagnosis is not necessarily the same. Medicine has employed the objective structured clinical exams (OSCE) to assess clinical competence. The performances of two Canadian athletic therapists were assessed by two different methods for assessment of clinical competence in the evaluation of knee injuries. On the basis of existing standards, both of the athletic therapists would have passed the examination using the Standardized Orthopedic Assessment Tool currently used to assess the clinical competence of athletic therapy students, but both would have failed using the Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine OSCE for sport medicine physicians. The failure could be because the performances of only two subjects were assessed, but it could also be because different constructs are represented by the two methods. If we truly want to provide patient-centered care, it should be important to have similar standards, regardless of the clinician’s professional discipline.
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Kelsey DeGrave, Stephen Pack, and Brian Hemmings
documenting the career-ending non-musculoskeletal injury experiences among male cricketers from England and Wales. By taking a qualitative approach, the study afforded participants opportunity to share personal narratives regarding career-ending sport injury experiences they considered as important. Methods
Briana L. Zabierek, Walter C. Wilson, and Frank E. DiLiberto
motion sports also have a high likelihood of injury recurrence, potentially due to tissue overuse, making the assessment of injury recurrence particularly relevant in tenpin bowling. 18 Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize musculoskeletal injury type, frequency, and recurrence in
Robert M. Kaplan, Alison K. Herrmann, James T. Morrison, Laura F. DeFina, and James R. Morrow Jr.
Despite benefits of physical activity (PA), exercise is also associated with risks. Musculoskeletal injury (MSI) risk increases with exercise frequency/intensity. MSI is associated with costs including medical care and time lost from work.
To evaluate the economic costs associated with PA-related MSIs in community-dwelling women.
Participants included 909 women in the Women’s Injury Study reporting PA behaviors and MSI incidence weekly via the Internet for up to 3 years (mean follow-up 1.89 years). Participants provided consent to obtain health records. Costs were estimated by medical records and self-reports of medical care. Components included physician visits, medical facility contacts, medication costs, and missed work.
Of 909 participants, 243 reported 323 episodes of expenditure or contact with the health care system associated with PA. Total costs of episodes ranged from $0–$18,934. Modal cost was $0 (mean = $433 ± $1670). Costs were positively skewed with nearly all participants reporting no or very low costs.
About 1 in 4 community-dwelling women who are physically active experienced a PA-related MSI. The majority of injuries were minor, and large expenses associated with MSI were rare. The long-term health benefits and costs savings resulting from PA likely outweigh the minor costs associated with MSI from a physically-active lifestyle.