The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of music on swimmers’ preperformance psychobiosocial states. A purposeful sample of competitive swimmers (N = 17) participated in a 5-week intervention grounded in the individual zones of optimal functioning (IZOF) model. Findings showed that (a) preperformance psychobiosocial states differentiated between best and worst performances, (b) swimmers improved their ability to regulate preperformance states through the use of music, and (c) the use of music had a positive impact on swimmers’ perceived effectiveness of preperformance routines. Furthermore, swimmers’ qualitative reports indicated that music use was made more purposeful due to the introduction of a music intervention. The current study provides preliminary evidence in support of the use of music during preperformance routines as an effective tool to regulate athletes’ preperformance states. Athletes are encouraged to engage in the process of carefully selecting music in accordance with individualized profiles related to optimal performance states.
Regulating Preperformance Psychobiosocial States with Music
Thierry R.F. Middleton, Montse C. Ruiz, and Claudio Robazza
Influence of Music Style and Rate on Repetitive Finger Tapping
Elizabeth L. Stegemöller, Joshua R. Tatz, Alison Warnecke, Paul Hibbing, Brandon Bates, and Andrew Zaman
Moving in synchrony with a musical beat has been posited as a natural human behavior ( Zatorre, Chen, & Penhune, 2007 ). Recent studies indicate that music can modulate activity in regions of the brain involved in audition and movement, which may lead to improved movement performance and
Using Music-Based Cadence Entrainment to Manipulate Walking Intensity
Dylan C. Perry, Christopher C. Moore, Colleen J. Sands, Elroy J. Aguiar, Zachary R. Gould, Catrine Tudor-Locke, and Scott W. Ducharme
connections between auditory and motor brain regions, thereby effectively modulating nonmusical actions that are intrinsically rhythmic, such as human gait. 8 While previous studies have indicated that an auditory metronome can successfully entrain cadence, 9 – 11 recent research demonstrates that music may
Stride Rate and Walking Intensity in Healthy Older Adults
Leslie Peacock, Allan Hewitt, David A. Rowe, and Rona Sutherland
The study investigated (a) walking intensity (stride rate and energy expenditure) under three speed instructions; (b) associations between stride rate, age, height, and walking intensity; and (c) synchronization between stride rate and music tempo during overground walking in a population of healthy older adults.
Twenty-nine participants completed 3 treadmill-walking trials and 3 overground-walking trials at 3 self-selected speeds. Treadmill VO2 was measured using indirect calorimetry. Stride rate and music tempo were recorded during overground-walking trials.
Mean stride rate exceeded minimum thresholds for moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) under slow (111.41 ± 11.93), medium (118.17 ± 11.43), and fast (123.79 ± 11.61) instructions. A multilevel model showed that stride rate, age, and height have a significant effect (p < .01) on walking intensity.
Healthy older adults achieve MVPA with stride rates that fall below published minima for MVPA. Stride rate, age, and height are significant predictors of energy expenditure in this population. Music can be a useful way to guide walking cadence.
Bad Boy for Life: Hip-Hop Music, Race, and Sports
Earl Smith and Angela J. Hattery
-size companies. Sports are part of an expanding capitalist market, locally, nationally, and globally. Specifically, this study utilizes the narrative of P Diddy’s music video, Bad Boy for Life , to interrogate the question of Black men’s ability to be fully integrated into the exclusive spaces reserved for the
Individuals With Parkinson’s Disease Retain Spatiotemporal Gait Control With Music and Metronome Cues
Guneet Chawla, Madelon Hoppe, Nina Browner, and Michael D. Lewek
well-established intervention intended to address these deficits in gait automaticity by adjusting cadence ( Keus, Munneke, Nijkrake, Kwakkel, & Bloem, 2009 ). Previous studies have used either music or a metronome to provide the auditory cues ( Ashoori, Eagleman, & Jankovic, 2015 ; Spaulding et
When It HIITs, You Feel No Pain: Psychological and Psychophysiological Effects of Respite–Active Music in High-Intensity Interval Training
Costas I. Karageorghis, Leighton Jones, Luke W. Howard, Rhys M. Thomas, Panayiotis Moulashis, and Sam J. Santich
addressing the psychological and psychophysiological effects of music in the exercise domain has focused upon pretask and in-task applications (see, e.g., Terry, Karageorghis, Curran, Martin, & Parsons-Smith, 2020 for a meta-analysis); scant attention has been given to investigation of the use of music for
Performance Enhancement with Music in Rowing Sprint
Mária Rendi, Attila Szabo, and Tamás Szabó
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of fast- and slow-tempo music on 500-m rowing sprint performances. Twenty-two rowers performed 500-m sprints 3 times: rowing without music, rowing to slow music, and rowing to fast tempo music. Strokes per minute (SPM), time to completion, (TTC), and rated perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded. Although RPE did not differ between the rowing conditions, TTC was shortest in the fast music condition. Further, shorter TTC was observed in the slow music condition in contrast to the control condition, indicating that slow music also enhanced performance. The strongest treatment effects emerged, however, in the examination of the SPM that were significantly higher during rowing to fast music in comparison with rowing to slow music or no music. These results suggest that fast music acts as an external psyching-up stimulus in brief and strenuous muscle work.
Ice Dancing to Arirang in the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympic Games: The Intersection of Music, Identity, and Sport
Doo Jae Park, Na Ri Shin, Synthia Sydnor, and Caitlin Clarke
the music—the traditional Korean lyrical folk song Arirang (아리랑) that accompanied their entry. Min and Gamelin were perhaps not the first to use folk music in an Olympic ice dance program. Their musical accompaniment, however, came to define (for spectators and later, in wider popular culture) their
Jay-Z and O.J.: Sport and the Performance of Race in Hip-Hop Music
Kellen Jamil Northcutt, Kayla Henderson, and Kaylee Chicoski
, respectively ( Lapchick, 2019a , 2019b ). These implications and data should alert sport sociology and management communities to take a closer look at how to critique race, class, society, and sport. The current study examines the Black experience through the examination of the song and music video titled