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Julien Le Gal, Mickael Begon, Benoit Gillet and Isabelle Rogowski

treatment time and frequency. 17 Self-myofascial release may be an alternative method to massage, as the individuals use their own body mass or strength to exert pressure with or without a tool on the affected soft tissues. Moreover, self-myofascial release is believed to have similar beneficial effects to

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Kimberly Somers, Dustin Aune, Anthony Horten, James Kim and Julia Rogers

elongation of equal parts of both tendon and muscle fascicles, whereas post stretching ROM gains were secondary to changes in elastic properties of the gastrocnemius muscle rather than the tendon. During self-myofascial release, pressure, undulation, movement, and friction are applied to muscle tissue

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Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira and Caroline Ruschel

dynamic function of the fascia), it is often treated with manual therapy techniques such as myofascial release (MR). 10 MR has been described as a generic term for a wide variety of techniques in which pressure is applied to muscle and fascia. 10 MR aims to reduce the restrictive barriers or fibrous

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Whitney Williams and Noelle M. Selkow

. This demonstrated that myofascial release applied to one area of the SBL can affect another area of the “train.” Additional studies have found improved flexibility of the hamstrings with the use of self-myofascial release (SMR) to parts of the body away from the hamstrings. 11 , 12 Self-myofascial

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Matthew Rivera, Lindsey Eberman, Kenneth Games and Cameron J. Powden

interventions available that health care providers can use to treat muscle tightness in general and specifically in the upper-extremity. One intervention is self-myofascial release (SMR), a form of myofascial release that is applied by the patient using a tool such as foam roller or tennis ball. 5 SMR has

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Robert D. Kersey

Column-editor : Ned Bergert

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Jennifer A. Stone

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Christine M. Feldbauer, Brittany A. Smith and Bonnie Van Lunen

Clinical Question:

Does self-myofascial release improve lower extremity fexibility or range of motion in physically active individuals?

Clinical Bottom Line:

There is low-level evidence to support the use of self-my-ofascial release to increase range of motion and fexibility in the lower extremity.

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Robert W. Morton, Sara Y. Oikawa, Stuart M. Phillips, Michaela C. Devries and Cameron J. Mitchell

Purpose:

Self–myofascial release (SMR) is a common exercise and therapeutic modality shown to induce acute improvements in joint range of motion (ROM) and recovery; however, no long-term studies have been conducted. Static stretching (SS) is the most common method used to increase joint ROM and decrease muscle stiffness. It was hypothesized that SMR paired with SS (SMR+SS) compared with SS alone over a 4-wk intervention would yield greater improvement in knee-extension ROM and hamstring stiffness.

Methods:

19 men (22 ± 3 y) with bilateral reduced hamstring ROM had each of their legs randomly assigned to either an SMR+SS or an SS-only group. The intervention consisted of 4 repetitions of SS each for 45 s or the identical amount of SS preceded by 4 repetitions of SMR each for 60 s and was performed on the respective leg twice daily for 4 wk. Passive ROM, hamstring stiffness, rate of torque development (RTD), and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) were assessed pre- and postintervention.

Results:

Passive ROM (P < .001), RTD, and MVC (P < .05) all increased after the intervention. Hamstring stiffness toward end-ROM was reduced postintervention (P = .02). There were no differences between the intervention groups for any variable.

Conclusion:

The addition of SMR to SS did not enhance the efficacy of SS alone. SS increases joint ROM through a combination of decreased muscle stiffness and increased stretch tolerance.

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John Paolini

Edited by Tricia Hubbard