, 2009b : p.2). Narrative inquiry is underpinned by interpretivism and acknowledges the co-construction of narratives between people, contexts, and time ( Smith & Sparkes, 2009b ). Investigating narratives allow us to understand the meaning attributed to an experience. Our narrative analysis is grounded
Nick Wadsworth, Hayley McEwan, Moira Lafferty, Martin Eubank, and David Tod
Kerry R. McGannon and Jenny McMahon
telecommunications platform (i.e., Skype). Open-ended questions were used for participants to direct conversations in storied form about running (e.g., tell me a story about your journey as an athlete and mother, tell me a story about the evolution of your training as a parent). Narrative Analysis: Story Analyst and
Gabriella Whitcomb-Khan, Nick Wadsworth, Kristin McGinty-Minister, Stewart Bicker, Laura Swettenham, and David Tod
). Purposive sampling is generally used when utilizing intense, focused methods such as in-depth interviews and is therefore aligned with the conceptual framework of narrative analysis ( Curtis et al., 2000 ). Furthermore, elite athletes can be a difficult population to reach; adopting purposive sampling
Kimberly L. Oliver
Narrative analysis uses stories to describe human experience and action Because people give meaning to their lives through the stories they tell, it seems appropriate for those who study human experience to use a research methodology that connects with how people construct the meanings of life experiences. Thus, if the interest is in telling the stories of physical education students, teachers, and classrooms, a methodology is needed that captures how people interpret the meanings of life experiences. Narrative analysis is such a methodology. This article begins with three fictionalized adolescents’ stories. With the stories as an entry point, the power of narrative is examined, followed by an explanation of the different types of narrative inquiry. Next, the mechanics of configuring a narrative are discussed, and the article concludes with illustrations of the need for narrative analysis in physical education research.
Peter Olusoga and Göran Kenttä
This study investigated how the experiences of two elite coaches contributed to and shaped their stories of burnout and withdrawal from high performance coaching. The coaches whose narratives we explore were both middle-aged head coaches, one in a major team sport at the highest club level, and one in an individual Olympic sport at international level. Through a thematic narrative analysis, based on in-depth interviews, the stories of the two coaches are presented in four distinct sections: antecedents, experiences of coaching with burnout symptoms, withdrawal from sport, and the process of recovery and personal growth. These narratives have implications for high performance coaching, such as the importance of role clarity, work-home inference, counseling, mentoring, and social support as means to facilitate recovery, and the need for additional research with coaches who have left sport, to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the complete burnout-recovery process.
Marie-Josée Perrier, Shaelyn M. Strachan, Brett Smith, and Amy E. Latimer-Cheung
Individuals with acquired physical disabilities report lower levels of athletic identity. The objective of this study was to further explore why athletic identity may be lost or (re)developed after acquiring a physical disability. Seven women and four men (range = 28–60 years) participated in approximately 1-hour-long semi-structured interviews; data were subjected to a narrative analysis. The structural analysis revealed three narrative types. The nonathlete narrative described physical changes in the body as reasons for diminished athletic identity. The athlete as a future self primarily focused on present sport behavior and performance goals such that behavior changes diminished athletic identity. The present self as athlete narrative type focused on the aspects of their present sport involvement, such as feedback from other athletes and skill development, which supported their athletic identity. Implications of these narrative types with respect to sport promotion among people with acquired physical disabilities are discussed.
Emily J. Sleeman and Noora J. Ronkainen
interviews wrote reflective notes (one to two pages) shortly after each interview to reflect on the process and the content of the interviews. Thematic Narrative Analysis We used thematic narrative analysis to capture the “what” stories of the individuals, allowing the researcher to identify the building
Matt Hoffmann, Todd Loughead, and Jeffrey Caron
ended with Nick being offered the opportunity to share any concluding thoughts. Data Analysis We followed Smith’s ( 2016a , 2016b ) recommendations for conducting a thematic narrative analysis, which aligned with the epistemological (i.e., constructivism) and ontological (i.e., relativism) assumptions
Katherine Holland and Justin A. Haegele
article selection process. Data Analysis According to Grant and Booth ( 2009 ), narrative analyses with tabular accompaniment are often included in the data analysis procedures for literature reviews. Thus, the articles selected in this review underwent a narrative analysis. Characteristics from each
Kerry R. McGannon, Lara Pomerleau-Fontaine, and Jenny McMahon
Microsoft Word files. Thematic Narrative Analysis In relativist narrative inquiry, researchers may adopt a story-analyst or storyteller approach ( Smith, 2016 ; Smith & Sparkes, 2009 ). When one is operating as story analyst, the story and the narratives that frame it become the objects of study, with