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Inácio Crochemore M. da Silva, Grégore I. Mielke, Andréa D. Bertoldi, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue and Pedro C. Hallal

Background: To describe overall physical activity prevalence measured by the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire as well as inequalities in leisure-time physical activity among Brazilian adults (15 y and older). Methods: Data from the Brazilian Survey on Medicine Access, Utilization, and Rational Use of Medicines were analyzed. The study was carried out between September 2013 and February 2014. Physical activity was measured through Global Physical Activity Questionnaire and classified according to the recommendations of the World Health Organization. Additional analysis determined the contribution of each physical activity domain to the total amount of physical activity. Inequalities in terms of sex, age, and socioeconomic position were explored. Results: About one-third of the participants (37.1%; 95% confidence interval, 35.5–38.8) were physically inactive. Work-based activities were responsible for 75.7% of the overall physical activity. The prevalence of participants achieving physical activity guidelines considering only leisure-time activities was 17.8% (95% confidence interval, 16.7–19.2). Females and older participants were less active than their counterparts for both overall and leisure-time physical activity; socioeconomic status was positively associated to leisure-time physical activity. Conclusions: Major overall physical activity is attributed to work-related physical activity. Leisure-time physical activity, a key domain for public health, presents important gender and socioeconomic inequalities.

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Yang Liu, Yan Tang, Zhen-Bo Cao, Jie Zhuang, Zheng Zhu, Xue-Ping Wu, Li-Juan Wang, Yu-Jun Cai, Jia-Lin Zhang and Pei-Jie Chen

Health . 2016 ; 13 ( suppl 2 ): S124 – S128 . doi:10.1123/jpah.2016-0362 10.1123/jpah.2016-0362 3. Fan X , Cao ZB . Physical activity among Chinese school-aged children: National prevalence estimates from the 2016 Physical Activity and Fitness in China—The Youth Study . J Sport Health Sci . 2017

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André O. Werneck, Evelyn C.A. Silva, Maria R.O. Bueno, Lidyane Z. Vignadelli, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Catiana L.P. Romanzini, Enio R.V. Ronque and Marcelo Romanzini

: 11932580 11932580 18. Ng M , Fleming T , Robinson M , et al . Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 . Lancet . 2014 ; 384 ( 9945 ): 766 – 81 . PubMed ID

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Quinn Malone, Steven Passmore and Michele Maiers

.1155/2011/876306 10.1155/2011/876306 Strine , T.W. , & Hootman , J.M. ( 2007 ). US national prevalence and correlates of low back and neck pain among adults . Arthritis & Rheumatism, 57, 656 – 665 . PubMed ID: 17471542 doi:10.1002/art.22684 10.1002/art.22684 Troiano , R.P. , Berrigan , D. , Dodd , K

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Jonathan I. Hochstetler, Anne C. Russ, Ryan Tierney and Jamie L. Mansell

bullying-related morbidity and mortality: a call for public health policies . Bull World Health Organ . 2010 ; 88 ( 6 ): 403 . doi: 10.2471/BLT.10.077123 2. Namie G . 2017 WBI U.S. survey: national prevalence, 60.3 million workers affected by workplace bullying . Workplace Bullying Institute website

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Anna Gabriela Silva Vilela Ribeiro, Rozangela Verlengia, Maria Rita Marques de Oliveira, Matheus Valério Almeida Oliveira, Idico Luiz Pellegrinotti and Alex Harley Crisp

, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980–2013: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 . The Lancet, 384 ( 9945 ), 766 – 781 . doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60460-8 Santana , F.M. , Domiciano , D.S. , Gonçalves , M

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Xihe Zhu and Justin A. Haegele

.R. ( 2007 ). The relationship between academic achievement and physical fitness . The Physical Educator, 64 , 214 – 221 . Ng , M. , Fleming , T. , Robinson , M. , Thomson , B. , Graetz , N. , Margono , C. , . . . Gakidou , E. ( 2014 ). Global, regional, and national prevalence of

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Lilian G. Perez, Terry L. Conway, Adrian Bauman, Jacqueline Kerr, John P. Elder, Elva M. Arredondo and James F. Sallis

.1016/S0140-6736(16)30581-5 27475270 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30581-5 4. World Health Organization . Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2014 . Geneva, Switzerland : World Health Organization ; 2014 . 5. Ng M , Fleming T , Robinson M , et al . Global, regional, and national

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Byron Lai, Katie Cederberg, Kerri A. Vanderbom, C. Scott Bickel, James H. Rimmer and Robert W. Motl

Blacks paralleled the national prevalence rate of 22% reported in 2010, but results for Whites were slightly lower than the 64% reported nationally ( National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center, 2016 ). We were unable to locate any studies that reported the employment rate, educational level, or

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Jeffrey J. Martin

. , Parish , S.L. , & Peterson , N.A. ( 2012 ). National prevalence of peer victimization among young children with disabilities in the United States . Children and Youth Services Review, 34 , 1540 – 1545 . doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.04.014 10.1016/j.childyouth.2012.04.014 Staples , K