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Daniel C. Funk

journals and interpersonal channels that include a scholar’s personal network ( Burt, 1992 ; Rogers, 2003 ). Academic journals are the primary distribution channel for spreading ideas initially and creating awareness while personal networks become more important over time as scholars rely on opinions of

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Matthew Katz, Nefertiti A. Walker and Lauren C. Hindman

). This bind of being involved but simultaneously feeling “out of the loop” suggests that SWAs, who are in formal leadership roles, still feel disconnected from the leadership network. Although SWAs are provided a seat at the decision-making table, this does not guarantee their voices will be heard or

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Kathy Babiak, Lucie Thibault and Annick Willem

can be dyadic or can involve multiple organizations in networked form. In general, relationships between organizations are characterized by several common tenets including some degree of longevity or enduring character of the interaction ( Lawrence, Hardy, & Phillips, 2002 ; Oliver, 1990 ), the

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Artur Direito, Joseph J. Murphy, Matthew Mclaughlin, Jacqueline Mair, Kelly Mackenzie, Masamitsu Kamada, Rachel Sutherland, Shannon Montgomery, Trevor Shilton and on behalf of the ISPAH Early Career Network

research networks. Consider alternative avenues to traditional academic journals to communicate with stakeholders, decision makers, and practitioners, such as presentations, blogs, or public engagement events. • Consider consumer research to demonstrate public support for PA advocacy objectives. Focus Area

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Matthew Katz, Bob Heere and E. Nicole Melton

Wrigley Field ( Holt, 1995 ), an individual’s interactions with other consumers represent a salient component of commitment to his or her favorite team. Sport consumption is not merely an individual activity; rather, individual sport consumption needs to be conceptualized as part of the larger network of

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Tyler Prochnow, Haley Delgado, Megan S. Patterson and M. Renée Umstattd Meyer

their community, school, family, and social network to promote PA in children. 6 As a result, researchers are using social ecological models and systems theories to impact social relationships and community-level variables to improve health behaviors. 7 Children and adolescent PA behaviors are greatly

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Gareth J. Jones, Mike Edwards, Jason N. Bocarro, Kyle S. Bunds and Jordan W. Smith

Interorganizational partnerships have been used by nonprofits in a variety of industries to build organizational capacity, yet they are currently underutilized by many youth sport nonprofit organizations. While previous research has highlighted key features of dyadic relationships that inhibit the development and maintenance of partnerships, there has been less attention to the influence of broader or complete networks. This study examined key structural properties of a youth sport nonprofit network in one municipality to determine how interorganizational partnerships were used to build organizational capacity. Whole network analysis was used to study partnerships between youth sport nonprofits and analyze the configuration and structural features of the network. Results indicated a fragmented network of youth sport nonprofit organizations, with the majority of organizations operating independently of one another, and the network itself characterized by unbalanced ties. The discussion highlights how this network structure influences organizational action and contributes to relational issues often observed at the dyadic level. The introduction of a third-party brokerage organization is discussed as a potentially useful strategy for improving this network structure.

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Matthew Pearce, Tom R.P. Bishop, Stephen Sharp, Kate Westgate, Michelle Venables, Nicholas J. Wareham and Søren Brage

prohibitive. Consequently, some populations and settings may be studied with unsatisfactorily harmonized data or excluded from analyses altogether. When the ideal direct model is unavailable, a potential solution may be to use a combination of models in the same network, whereby estimates from the less

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Matthew Katz, Aaron C. Mansfield and B. David Tyler

, 2015 ). The potential for sport spectatorship to yield social support, then, is paramount to the link between such spectatorship and well-being. But where does social support come from? How do individuals receive and distribute the elements of social support? Scholars in the network tradition have long

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Matthew Katz, Thomas A. Baker III and Hui Du

subgroups, theoretically, may include both psychological affiliations and interpersonal relationships. In the present study, we utilized the social identity approach ( Tajfel & Turner, 1979 ; Turner, 1985 ) and network theory ( Borgatti & Halgin, 2011 ) to examine how both identification and social