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Bradley D. Hatfield, Thomas W. Spalding, Ross J. Apparies, Amy J. Haufler and D. Laine Santa Maria

Latencies and peak-to-peak amplitudes of pattern-reversal evoked-potential (PREP) components of active and inactive community-dwelling healthy 61- to 77-year-olds were compared with those of active and inactive 18- to 31-year-olds to determine whether long-term physical activity involvement was associated with attenuation of age-related changes in sensory processes. Binocular PREPs were derived for each of 2 check sizes (22 × 15 ft and 41 × 30 ft of visual angle) to provide increasing challenge of spatial resolution. Analyses of the latencies revealed significant effects for age, gender, and check size such that latencies were longer for older than for young participants, men than for women, and small than for larger check sizes. Amplitudes were larger in older adults for the P100-N150 peak-to-peak difference, but physical activity history was not associated with reduction of the observed age-related increases in component latencies and amplitude. As such, physical activity does not appear to attenuate age-related decline in visual sensory processing.

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Aviroop Dutt-Mazumder, Richard L. Segal and Aiko K. Thompson

-sensory afferent conditioning with leg movement: Gain control in spinal reflex and ascending paths . Progress in Neurobiology, 51 ( 4 ), 393 – 421 . PubMed ID: 9106899 doi:10.1016/S0301-0082(96)00061-5 10.1016/S0301-0082(96)00061-5 Brooke , J.D. , McIlroy , W.E. , Staines , W.R. , Angerilli , P

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Mark L. Latash

basal ganglia, cerebellum, sensory cerebrum and hippocampus: Possible implications for cognition, consciousness, intelligence and creativity . Progress in Neurobiology, 64, 1 – 33 . PubMed ID: 11250060 doi:10.1016/S0301-0082(00)00058-7 10.1016/S0301-0082(00)00058-7 Danion , F. , Schöner , G

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Yi-Ching Chen, I-Chen Lin, Yen-Ting Lin, Wei-Min Huang, Chien-Chun Huang and Ing-Shiou Hwang

? Psychology and Aging, 12 ( 1 ), 12 – 21 . PubMed ID: 9100264 doi:10.1037/0882-7974.12.1.12 10.1037/0882-7974.12.1.12 Bartzokis , G. ( 2004 ). Age-related myelin breakdown: A developmental model of cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease . Neurobiology of Aging, 25 ( 1 ), 5 – 18 . PubMed ID

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Dalia Mickeviciene, Renata Rutkauskaite, Dovile Valanciene, Diana Karanauskiene, Marius Brazaitis and Albertas Skurvydas

.pcbi.1005492 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005492 Huberdeau , D.M. , Krakauer , J.W. , & Haith , A.M. ( 2015 ). Dual-process decomposition in human sensorimotor adaptation . Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 33 , 71 – 77 . PubMed ID: 25827272 doi:10.1016/j.conb.2015.03.003 10.1016/j.conb.2015.03.003 Hultsch

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Matthew J. Barlow, Antonis Elia, Oliver M. Shannon, Angeliki Zacharogianni and Angelica Lodin-Sundstrom

.1123/ijsnem.22.1.64 Engan , H.K. , Jones , A.M. , Ehrenberg , F. , & Schagatay , E. ( 2012 ). Acute dietary nitrate supplementation improves dry static apnea performance . Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, 182 ( 2–3 ), 53 – 59 . doi:10.1016/j.resp.2012.05.007 10.1016/j.resp.2012

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Iréné Lopez-Fontana, Carole Castanier, Christine Le Scanff and Alexandra Perrot

.1093/geront/30.2.184 10.1093/geront/30.2.184 Erickson , K.I. , Colcombe , S.J. , Elavsky , S. , McAuley , E. , Korol , D.L. , Scalf , P.E. , & Kramer , A.F. ( 2007 ). Interactive effects of fitness and hormone treatment on brain health in postmenopausal women . Neurobiology of Aging, 28 ( 2

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Arturo Forner-Cordero, Virgínia H. Quadrado, Sitsofe A. Tsagbey and Bouwien C.M. Smits-Engelsman

. ( 2011 ). Human sensorimotor learning: Adaptation, skill, and beyond . Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 21 , 636 – 644 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.conb.2011.06.012 10.1016/j.conb.2011.06.012 Krakauer , J.W. , & Shadmehr , R. ( 2006 ). Consolidation of motor memory . Trends in Neurosciences, 29

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Blai Ferrer-Uris, Albert Busquets and Rosa Angulo-Barroso

. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 136 , 196 – 203 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.nlm.2016.10.009 10.1016/j.nlm.2016.10.009 Pesce , C. , Crova , C. , Cereatti , L. , Casella , R. , & Bellucci , M. ( 2009 ). Physical activity and mental performance in preadolescents: Effects of acute exercise on free

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Anne Sofie B. Malling, Bo M. Morberg, Lene Wermuth, Ole Gredal, Per Bech and Bente R. Jensen

, R.B. , & Swinnen , S.P. ( 2007 ). The missing link between action and cognition . Progress in Neurobiology, 82 ( 2 ), 95 – 107 . PubMed ID: 17399884 doi:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2007.02.003 10.1016/j.pneurobio.2007.02.003 Song , J. , Fisher , B.E. , Petzinger , G. , Wu , A. , Gordon , J