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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Kyle J. Miller, Rodolfo I. Martínez-Lemos, Antón Giráldez and Carlos Ayán

Most of the world’s population lives in countries where obesity kills more people than being underweight. Worldwide, the proportion of overweight people has nearly tripled since 1975, affecting up to 39% (1900 million) adults in 2016, from which 13% (650 million) were obese. 1 Obesity raises the

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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

Despite the known benefits of physical activity, less than 50% of children in the United States meet the national physical activity recommendations of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day. 1 Overweight/obese (OW/OB) children fare even worse with only 20%–40% meeting the

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Dori E. Rosenberg, Melissa L. Anderson, Anne Renz, Theresa E. Matson, Amy K. Lee, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, David E. Arterburn, Paul A. Gardiner, Jacqueline Kerr and Jennifer B. McClure

Currently, about 40% of U.S. adults aged 65–74 years have obesity ( Fakhouri, Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2012 ). This number is likely to rise as the U.S. population of adults over the age of 60 grows to become 25% of the population ( Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, 2012

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Mynor Rodriguez-Hernandez, Jeffrey S. Martin, David D. Pascoe, Michael D. Roberts and Danielle W. Wadsworth

duration conditions on postprandial glucose (PPG) content in an at-risk population of sedentary normoglycemic obese women. We chose to evaluate obese, sedentary women given that women meet physical activity guidelines less than males, 4 and because obesity is also linked to SED, 9 affects nearly 4 in 10

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Trent J. Herda, Philip M. Gallagher, Jonathan D. Miller, Matthew P. Bubak and Mandy E. Parra

obese ( 34 ), and it is a worldwide health concern ( 37 ). Adipose infiltration in skeletal muscles of the lower extremity is linked to glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity in adults ( 5 , 19 – 21 ). In the realm of insulin resistance in children, skeletal muscle is often overlooked despite the

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Jongil Lim, Jiyeon Kim, Kyoungho Seo, Richard E.A. van Emmerik and Sukho Lee

, & Hodges, 2014 ). It has been shown that the reduced arm swing due to cell phone manipulation was negatively associated with stabilizing the body and lateral balance during walking ( Ortega, Fehlman, & Farley, 2008 ). It has been speculated that people with obesity are not distinct from the general

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Marissa A. Kobayashi, Tae Kyoung Lee, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Guillermo Prado, Sarah E. Messiah and Sara M. St. George

Pediatric obesity in the United States has remained exceedingly high for well over a decade, 1 with ethnic minorities carrying a disproportionate burden of the epidemic compared with their non-Hispanic white counterparts. 2 In particular, Hispanic youth have the highest prevalence of obesity (25

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Alexei Wong, Marcos A. Sanchez-Gonzalez, Won-Mok Son, Yi-Sub Kwak and Song-Young Park

The prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents has become a major public health concern. In fact, obesity is associated with a variety of inflammatory disorders, including insulin resistance (IR), hypertension, and development of atherosclerosis, which are risk factors for cardiovascular

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Hyung Joon Joo, Sang-A Cho, Jae-Young Cho, Seunghun Lee, Jae Hyung Park, Cheol Woong Yu, Soon Jun Hong and Do-Sun Lim

Background:

Although the relationship between physical activity and arterial stiffness has been shown in healthy persons, it remains controversial in obese persons.

Methods:

From January 2014 to September 2014, we evaluated 795 obese subjects from 25 public health centers in Seoul, Korea. We compared physical activity and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) between obese subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS) (MO) and obese subjects without MetS (NMO).

Results:

The MO group had more men, higher body mass index (BMI), higher fasting glucose level, lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level, and higher triglyceride level. The mean physical activity levels were similar between the 2 groups. baPWV was higher in the MO group than the NMO group. MO group showed positive correlation between baPWV and physical activity (P trend = 0.04). Interestingly, baPWV was significantly higher in the MO group than in the NMO group in subjects with moderate and vigorous physical activity (1403.4 cm/sec vs 1349 cm/sec [95% CI 21.4 to 87.4], P < .05). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity was apparently associated with age, BMI, blood pressure, and glucose level.

Conclusions:

In a community-based population, baPWV was higher in obese MetS group compared with obese non-MetS group. Physical activity showed different association with baPWV depending on metabolic status.

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James A. Levine

The know-how is available to reverse the obesity epidemic. Reversing obesity is a societal necessity because it is the predominant contributor to chronic ill health in developed countries and a growing precipitant of illness in middle and low-income countries. In the United States, for example, obesity is the chief driver of health care costs in a country that can no longer afford health care. Although some might advocate population-wide medication use to mitigate the effects of obesity on health, the more direct response is to end obesity. The goal of this paper is explain how mass-scalable obesity containment can be designed, built, and disseminated. Scalable Obesity Solutions (S.O.S.) are discussed from concept through deployment.