than another passion—obsessive passion (OP; Vallerand et al., 2003 ). Thus, although passion should help determine the adaptive use of the three temporal perspectives, one would expect HP to do so more effectively than OP. Testing this hypothesis represents one of the main goals of this research. The
Anna Sverdlik, Robert J. Vallerand, Ariane St-Louis, Michael Sam Tion and Geneviève Porlier
Eric M. Martin and Thelma S. Horn
This study examined whether adolescent athletes’ levels of sport burnout would be predicted by their level and type of both passion and athletic identity. Female high-school-aged athletes (N = 186) completed a series of questionnaires to measure study variables. The results of three hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that athletes’ levels of harmonious passion served as negative predictors for all three dimensions of burnout, while obsessive passion positively predicted scores only on the exhaustion subscale. In addition, the subdimensions of athletic identity contributed a unique amount to the prediction of some aspects of burnout. These results indicate that both passion and athletic identity are important correlates or predictors of burnout levels, with harmonious passion offering the most protective effects.
Benjamin J.I. Schellenberg, Patrick Gaudreau and Peter R.E. Crocker
This study examined the relationship between harmonious and obsessive passion and coping, and assessed whether coping mediated the relationship between passion types and changes in burnout and goal attainment. College- and university-level volleyball players (N = 421) completed measures of passion, coping, burnout, and goal attainment at the start and end of a season. Results of structural equation modeling, using a true latent change approach, supported a model whereby types of passion were indirectly related to changes in burnout and goal attainment via coping. Harmonious passion was positively related to task-oriented coping which, in turn, was positively associated with change in goal attainment. Obsessive passion was positively associated with disengagement-oriented coping which, in turn, was positively and negatively associated with changes in burnout and goal attainment, respectively. This study identifies coping as a reason why passionate athletes may experience changes in burnout and goal attainment over the course of a season.
Sofie Kent, Kieran Kingston and Kyle F. Paradis
individual freely accepts the activity as important, without attached contingencies ( Vallerand et al., 2006 ). Conversely, obsessive passion results from a controlled internalization of the activity into one’s identity, whereby the individual will typically participate because of certain contingencies
Robert J. Vallerand, François L. Rousseau, Frédérick M.E. Grouzet, Alexandre Dumais, Simon Grenier and Céline M. Blanchard
Based on the Dualistic Model of Passion (Vallerand et al., 2003), a sequence involving the determinants and affective experiences associated with two types of passion (harmonious and obsessive) toward sport was proposed and tested. This sequence posits that high levels of sport valuation and an autonomous personality orientation lead to harmonious passion, whereas high levels of sport valuation and a controlled personality orientation facilitate obsessive passion. In turn, harmonious passion is expected to lead to positive affective experiences in sport but to be either negatively related or unrelated to negative affective experiences. Conversely, obsessive passion is hypothesized to be positively related to negative affective experiences in sport but to be either negatively related or unrelated to positive affective experiences. Results of three studies conducted with recreational and competitive athletes involved in individual and team sports provided support for the proposed integrative sequence. These findings support the role of passion in sport and pave the way to new research.
Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, Joéline Andrianarisoa and Philippe Brunel
The present research examined in two studies the role of passion for refereeing in referees' affective and cognitive functioning during games. In line with past research on the dualistic model of passion (Vallerand et al., 2003), Study 1 (n 1 = 90 and n 2 = 148) revealed that harmonious passion (HP) for refereeing was positively associated with positive emotions and the experience of flow during games. Conversely, obsessive passion (OP) for refereeing was unrelated to positive emotions and flow, but was positively associated with negative emotional experiences during games. Study 2 (n = 227) examined referees' affective and cognitive functioning after having committed an important mistake. Results showed that HP was negatively associated with maladaptive affective and cognitive functioning after a bad call, whereas OP was positively associated with such maladaptive functioning, including subsequent poor decision making. In addition, in both studies, most referees reported to be passionate toward refereeing. Finally, results from both studies remained the same after controlling for referees' gender, age, years of experience, and types of sports.
Jérémie Verner-Filion, Benjamin J. I. Schellenberg, Maylys Rapaport, Jocelyn J. Bélanger and Robert J. Vallerand
and is integrated with the rest of one’s life. By contrast, obsessive passion (OP) involves a controlled internalization of a passion and a sense of conflict between the activity that one loves and other life pursuits ( Vallerand, 2015 ). Past research has shown that HP was positively related to
Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Lori Dithurbide, Alison Ede, Karl Erickson, Blair Evans, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Eric Martin and Kathleen Wilson
could influence how coaches interact with athletes is their own coaching passion. Researchers in this study hypothesized that if coaches had harmonious passion toward their profession, they would be more autonomy supportive, whereas if they held obsessive passion, they would behave in a more controlling
and commitment therapy, ACT; Hayes, 2004 ), and the application of harmonious/obsessive passion constructs ( Vallerand et al., 2003 ). To address Greg’s history of stressors, much time was invested in sorting out his personal situation with the help of a developmental perspective on the transitions
Roy David Samuel
) and harmonious passion, referees may develop extrinsic motivation (e.g., status, salary) and potentially obsessive passion. The social demand was related to two aspects. First, the referees were becoming more publicly known figures. They had to adjust to becoming more recognizable and to attracting