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Karin I. Proper, Ester Cerin and Neville Owen


There is an inverse relationship between individual socio-economic status (SES) and amount of occupational physical activity. The role of the socio-economic environment is, however, less clear. This study examined the independent influences of neighborhood and individual SES on absolute and relative amount of occupational physical activity. It also examined the moderating effects of neighborhood SES on the relationship between individual SES and occupational physical activity.


Employees (n = 1236) resident in high or low SES neighborhoods were assessed on socio-demographic factors, including educational attainment and household income, and physical activity.


Neighborhood SES and individual SES were independently inversely related to absolute and relative amount of occupational physical activity. Significant interactions between neighborhood SES and level of educational attainment in the contribution of total and vigorous occupational physical activity to total physical activity were found.


Neighborhood SES can function as a moderator in the relationship between individual SES and occupational physical activity.

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George B. Cunningham, Na Young Ahn, Arden J. Anderson and Marlene A. Dixon

the topic and conduct a meta-analysis of occupational turnover and turnover intention among coaches. Beyond narrative reviews, meta-analyses include a systematic collection and review of the literature ( Cooper, 2010 ), and thus, we offer not only a comprehensive analysis, but also a specification of

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Anne M. Merrem and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith

Occupational socialization within physical education (PE) has been defined as “all kinds of socialization that initially influence persons to enter the field. . . and later are responsible for their perceptions and actions as teacher educators and teachers” ( Lawson, 1986 , p. 107). It is a

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Jeremy A. Steeves, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Rachel A. Murphy, George A. King, Eugene C. Fitzhugh, David R. Bassett, Dane Van Domelen, John M. Schuna Jr and Tamara B. Harris

specific questions related to PA in all 4 domains (occupational, transportation, household, and leisure time), Vandelanotte et al 10 found that occupational activity explained the greatest amount of variance in total PA and having a physically active job, such as technical and trade workers, reduced the

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

domain is currently understudied. Differentiating among leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), occupational physical activity (OPA), and household physical activity (HPA) has offered evidence that domain matters. For example, the association between LTPA and glucoregulation is widely studied and

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K. Andrew R. Richards and Thomas J. Templin

perspective is to adopt occupational socialization theory as a lens to understand how the physical education profession reproduces itself through intergenerational socialization ( Richards, Housner, & Templin, 2018 ). The purpose of this chapter is to present a conceptual framework for understanding PETE

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Allison Naber, Whitney Lucas Molitor, Andy Farriell, Kara Honius and Brooke Poppe

behaviors common among older adults, research is needed to identify potential interventions to promote improved health and well-being among this growing population. This study aims to explore the use of individualized goals related to participation in preferred activities as an occupational therapy

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Laura Prior and Matthew Curtner-Smith

specifically focused on the influence of occupational socialization on the curricula constructed and delivered by elementary teachers. This is a significant gap in the literature given the unique characteristics of elementary physical education in terms of organization, students, and culture. The purpose of

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Chan Woong Park and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith

Following Lawson’s ( 1983a , 1983b ) early theoretical work, research examining the occupational socialization of mainstream physical education (PE) teachers in the last 34 years has provided much important information that helps to explain why PE teachers think and act in the ways that they do

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George B. Cunningham and Michael Sagas

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of age, ethnic, and organizational tenure diversity on occupational commitment and occupational turnover intent among coaching staffs. Data were gathered via questionnaire from coaches in 48 NCAA Division IA football coaching staffs (235 coaches). Hierarchical regression analyses, controlling for the success of the team and the number of respondents per team, indicated that the block of diversity variables accounted for 18% (p < .05) of the variance in occupational commitment and 16% (p < .05) of the variance in occupational turnover intentions. Tenure and ethnic diversity were significant predictors in both analyses, although age diversity was not. Implications are discussed in relation to the complexity of diversity and strategies to mitigate the negative effects of group diversity on group-level outcomes.