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Karin I. Proper, Ester Cerin, and Neville Owen


There is an inverse relationship between individual socio-economic status (SES) and amount of occupational physical activity. The role of the socio-economic environment is, however, less clear. This study examined the independent influences of neighborhood and individual SES on absolute and relative amount of occupational physical activity. It also examined the moderating effects of neighborhood SES on the relationship between individual SES and occupational physical activity.


Employees (n = 1236) resident in high or low SES neighborhoods were assessed on socio-demographic factors, including educational attainment and household income, and physical activity.


Neighborhood SES and individual SES were independently inversely related to absolute and relative amount of occupational physical activity. Significant interactions between neighborhood SES and level of educational attainment in the contribution of total and vigorous occupational physical activity to total physical activity were found.


Neighborhood SES can function as a moderator in the relationship between individual SES and occupational physical activity.

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George B. Cunningham, Na Young Ahn, Arden J. Anderson, and Marlene A. Dixon

the topic and conduct a meta-analysis of occupational turnover and turnover intention among coaches. Beyond narrative reviews, meta-analyses include a systematic collection and review of the literature ( Cooper, 2010 ), and thus, we offer not only a comprehensive analysis, but also a specification of

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Anne M. Merrem and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith

Occupational socialization within physical education (PE) has been defined as “all kinds of socialization that initially influence persons to enter the field. . . and later are responsible for their perceptions and actions as teacher educators and teachers” ( Lawson, 1986 , p. 107). It is a

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Jeremy A. Steeves, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Rachel A. Murphy, George A. King, Eugene C. Fitzhugh, David R. Bassett, Dane Van Domelen, John M. Schuna Jr, and Tamara B. Harris

specific questions related to PA in all 4 domains (occupational, transportation, household, and leisure time), Vandelanotte et al 10 found that occupational activity explained the greatest amount of variance in total PA and having a physically active job, such as technical and trade workers, reduced the

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Jennifer L. Gay and David M. Buchner

baseline predict health events many years later, with benefits of PA occurring across all domains studied (e.g., leisure-time PA, occupational PA, transportation PA; Samitz et al., 2011 ; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2018 ). Baseline accelerometer-measured PA also predicts health events

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee, and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

domain is currently understudied. Differentiating among leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), occupational physical activity (OPA), and household physical activity (HPA) has offered evidence that domain matters. For example, the association between LTPA and glucoregulation is widely studied and

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Jonathan S. Dufour, Alexander M. Aurand, Eric B. Weston, Christopher N. Haritos, Reid A. Souchereau, and William S. Marras

addition to static posture alone. 7 , 8 That is, to understand MSD injury risk, ergonomics practitioners must be able to capture accurate joint kinematics (position, velocity, and acceleration) for exposures of interest in an occupational environment. Over the past 10–15 years, significant advancements in

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K. Andrew R. Richards and Thomas J. Templin

perspective is to adopt occupational socialization theory as a lens to understand how the physical education profession reproduces itself through intergenerational socialization ( Richards, Housner, & Templin, 2018 ). The purpose of this chapter is to present a conceptual framework for understanding PETE

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Allison Naber, Whitney Lucas Molitor, Andy Farriell, Kara Honius, and Brooke Poppe

behaviors common among older adults, research is needed to identify potential interventions to promote improved health and well-being among this growing population. This study aims to explore the use of individualized goals related to participation in preferred activities as an occupational therapy

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Laura Prior and Matthew Curtner-Smith

specifically focused on the influence of occupational socialization on the curricula constructed and delivered by elementary teachers. This is a significant gap in the literature given the unique characteristics of elementary physical education in terms of organization, students, and culture. The purpose of