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Diane E. Adamo, Susan Ann Talley and Allon Goldberg

Age-related changes in physical abilities, such as strength and flexibility, contribute to functional losses. However, older individuals may be unaware of what specific physical abilities compromise independent functioning. Three groups of women, aged 60 to 69, 70 to 79, and 80 to 92 years, were administered the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) to determine age differences in physical abilities and risk for functional losses. The oldest group showed significant differences in lower body strength, aerobic endurance, and agility and dynamic balance when compared with the other groups who performed similarly. Across all groups, a faster rate of decline was found for lower body strength (50.6%) and dynamic balance and agility (45.7%) than upper body strength (21.3%) and aerobic endurance (33.6%). Criterion-referenced (CR) fitness standards suggested that 45% of the individuals were at risk for loss of independent functioning. This study highlights age-related differences in physical abilities and the risk for the loss of independence in later life.

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Hitoshi Koda, Yoshihiro Kai, Shin Murata, Hironori Osugi, Kunihiko Anami, Takahiko Fukumoto and Hidetaka Imagita

these with body sway while walking. Methods Participants We studied 63 community-dwelling older adult women registered at the Older Adults Circle of the Care Prevention Service of Yasu, Japan, who were fully informed and accepted participation in a physical strength examination for this research. All

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Kim Gammage, Rachel Arnold, Nicole Bolter, Angela Coppola, Thomas Curran, Lori Dithurbide, Karl Erickson, Larkin Lamarche, Sean Locke, Luc Martin and Kathleen Wilson

Differences , 112 , 113–116. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.062 Journal website: https://www.journals.elsevier.com/personality-and-individual-differences Author website: http://www.hull.ac.uk/Faculties/staff-profiles/Professor-Adam-Nicholls.aspx Physically Active Older Adult Women Focus on Health and

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Marcus J. Brown, Laura A. Hutchinson, Michael J. Rainbow, Kevin J. Deluzio and Alan R. De Asha

.1177/0309364613515493 5. Paterson KL , Lythgo ND , Hill KD . Gait variability in younger and older adult women is altered by overground walking protocol . Age Ageing . 2009 ; 38 ( 6 ): 745 – 748 . PubMed doi:10.1093/ageing/afp159 19726433 10.1093/ageing/afp159 6

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William H. Clark and Jason R. Franz

by walking speed but not age for older adult women . Gait Posture . 2018 ; 62 : 311 – 316 . PubMed ID: 29609159 doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.03.031 29609159 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.03.031 8. Lee H , Rouse EJ , Krebs HI . Summary of human ankle mechanical impedance during walking . IEEE J

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Chia-Yuan Yu, Su-I Hou and Jonathan Miller

reflects the long life expectancy, low fertility, and increasing divorce rates now seen in United States. 2 There are also gender and age differences that can be seen in the living arrangements of older adults. Women aged 65 years and older (36%) were more likely to live alone than men (19%). 1

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Lilian G. Perez, Terry L. Conway, Adrian Bauman, Jacqueline Kerr, John P. Elder, Elva M. Arredondo and James F. Sallis

A quarter of adults worldwide do not meet the minimal physical activity guidelines (PAG), with older adults, women, and individuals with lower education being the least active, and, therefore, at the highest risk of adverse health outcomes. 1 – 4 The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends

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José D. Jiménez-García, Fidel Hita-Contreras, Manuel de la Torre-Cruz, Raquel Fábrega-Cuadros, Agustín Aibar-Almazán, David Cruz-Díaz and Antonio Martínez-Amat

, and it has already been used in older adult women ( Pisciottano, Pinto, Szejnfeld, & de Moura Castro, 2014 ). It is based on every day activities and requires standing from a chair, walking 3 m, turning around, and sitting down again ( Podsiadlo & Richardson, 1991 ). The time required by the subject

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Jennifer Dekker, Katlynne Nelson, Nigel Kurgan, Bareket Falk, Andrea Josse and Panagiota Klentrou

the osteocytes, thus increasing bone resorption ( 12 ). The responsiveness of OPG, however, appears to be exercise mode and sex specific, as resistance training increases OPG in older adult women but not men ( 23 ), while high-intensity cycling can increase both OPG and RANKL in healthy

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Thiago Correa Porto Gonçalves, Atila Alexandre Trapé, Jhennyfer Aline Lima Rodrigues, Simone Sakagute Tavares and Carlos Roberto Bueno Junior

pressure, nitric oxide, redox status, and physical fitness in older adult women: Influence of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (NOS3) haplotypes . Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2017 , 2578950 . doi: 10.1155/2017/2578950 Vasconcellos , V. , Lacchini , R. , Jacob-Ferreira , A