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Mustafa M.O. Elhadi, Christina Z. Ma, Duo W.C. Wong, Anson H.P. Wan and Winson C.C. Lee

Physical activity has positive effects on the health and well-being of older adults. Regular physical activity can protect against loss of functional ability ( Laukkanen, Kauppinen, & Heikkinen, 1998 ), improve balance and stability ( Melzer, Benjuya, & Kaplanski, 2003 ), increase aerobic strength

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Katie L. Cederberg, Robert W. Motl and Edward McAuley

and the United States of America) ( Minden, Frankel, Hadden, Srinath, & Perloff, 2004 ; Solaro et al., 2015 ), and is based on the increase in life expectancy of persons with MS ( Sanai et al., 2016 ) and the general aging of the entire population of adults worldwide. Older adults with MS undergo the

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Urska Arnautovska, Frances O’Callaghan and Kyra Hamilton

significant benefits for older adults specifically. These benefits extend to physical health ( Williams, Eastwood, Tillin, Hughes, & Chaturvedi, 2014 ), including reducing the risk of age-related illness such as type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease ( Lee et al., 2012 ), as well as to mental health, such

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Jennifer Brunet, Eva Guérin and Nicolas Speranzini

Older adults are one of the fastest growing segments of the population in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2015 ). Aging men and women are more susceptible to chronic (e.g., cardiovascular conditions, type 2 diabetes, cancer) and degenerative illnesses (e.g., osteoporosis

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Kerstin Gerst Emerson and Jennifer Gay

; Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, 2008 ). Yet older adults frequently engage in less MVPA relative to other age groups ( Troiano et al., 2008 ). However, they may engage in greater amounts of light intensity activity through household and gardening activities ( Cress et al., 2005

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Senia Smoot Reinert, Allison L. Kinney, Kurt Jackson, Wiebke Diestelkamp and Kimberly Bigelow

, 4 – 6 , 11 , 12 While the Limits of Stability test has shown differences in performance between various clinical populations and between young and older adults, little is known about its ability to characterize differences between subgroups of older adults. As other fields of study commonly

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Ming Fung Godfrey Lui, Hung Kay Daniel Chow, Wai Ming Kenny Wong and Wai Nam William Tsang

The high prevalence (32.9%) of sleep disorders among older adults ( Liu & Liu, 2005 ) may be associated with impaired secretion of melatonin by the pineal gland ( Garfinkel, Laudon, Nof, & Zisapel, 1995 ). Melatonin’s main function is to coordinate circadian rhythms. Although other dietary

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Nicolas Farina and Ruth G. Lowry

, Nicol, & Bredin, 2006 ). In addition, an active lifestyle for older adults is associated with reduced risk of musculoskeletal conditions such as arthritis and osteoporosis ( Broskey et al., 2014 ). Within research and clinical settings, activity monitors are commonly used as a means to objectively and

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Maria Priscila Wermelinger Ávila, Jimilly Caputo Corrêa, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti and Giancarlo Lucchetti

Population aging, defined as a multidimensional, dynamic, progressive, and irreversible process characterized by diverse manifestations in the biological, psychological, and social fields, is a worldwide reality ( de Moraes, 2008 ). The increase in the number of older adults has implications for

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Yongwoo Lee, Wonjae Choi, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song and Seungwon Lee

important in older adults ( Mura et al., 2014 ). However, characteristics of aging include a decrease in social and physical activity, loss of memory, and diminished understanding and cognitive ability ( Allison, Painter, Emory, Whitehurst, & Raby, 2013 ; Altermann, Martins, Carpes, & Mello-Carpes, 2014