In an aging society, maintaining function and independence, while coping with limitations and decline, are of utmost importance for both individual health and public health. The importance of physical activity for improved health in older persons is well documented ( Bouchard, Blair, & Haskell
Ellen Freiberger, Elisabeth Rydwik, Astrid Chorus, Erwin Tak, Christophe Delecluse, Federico Schena, Nina Waaler, Bob Laventure and Nico van Meeteren
Renato Sobral Monteiro-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Maciel-Pinheiro, Eduardo da Matta Mello Portugal, Luiz Felipe da Silva Figueiredo, Rodrigo Terra, Lara S. F. Carneiro, Vinícius Dias Rodrigues, Osvaldo J. M. Nascimento, Andrea Camaz Deslandes and Jerson Laks
. At present, to the best of our knowledge, there is no meta-analysis that assessed the effects of chronic exercise on inflammatory biomarkers in older persons. For this purpose, in this review, 3 inflammatory markers (IL-6, TNF- α , and CRP) were analyzed, due to the fact that they are the most
Salih A. Salih, Nancye M. Peel, Di Enright and Wendy Marshall
problems such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease and stroke, certain types of cancer, and osteoporosis ( Warburton, Nicol, & Bredin, 2006 ). Maintaining appropriate PA is a public health goal for older persons ( Haskell et al., 2007 ) with additional positive effects on daily function
Takashi Kinugasa, Hiroshi Nagasaki, Taketo Furuna and Hajime Itoh
The goal of this study was to identify methods for characterizing high-functioning older adults living in the community. The subjects were 495 older adults from the Longitudinal Interdisciplinary Study on Aging conducted by the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology. Physical performance measures included grip strength, walking at preferred and maximum speeds, one-leg standing with eyes open, and finger tapping rate. Performance scores were created by summing each categorical score. Consistent differences were found among age groups and genders. Scores were lower in subjects who had stroke or diabetes than in those without these conditions. These results suggest that physical performance measures have both discriminant validity and construct validity, which make them useful methods for characterizing high-functioning older persons.
Iain Greenlees, Hayley Webb, Ben Hall and Andrew Manley
This study examined whether information about an older person’s exercise habits influences the impressions formed of them by others. British participants (N = 360) from three age categories (16-25 years old, 26-55 years old, and 56+ years old) were asked to read a description of a 65-year-old man or woman described as either an exerciser, a nonexerciser, or a person with no exercise status information. Participants rated the target on 13 personality and 10 physical appearance dimensions. MANOVAs revealed significant main effects for target exercise status and participant age. Exercisers received more favorable ratings than either the nonexercisers or the controls on the majority (15/23) of the personality and physical appearance dimensions (p < 0.05). Participants aged over 56 tended to rate targets more favorably than the other two age categories but only on the physical appearance ratings. The results suggest that there are self-presentational benefits associated with being an exerciser at an older age.
Sheng H. Kioh, Sumaiyah Mat, Shahrul B. Kamaruzzaman, Fatimah Ibrahim, Mas S. Mokhtar, Noran N. Hairi, Robert G. Cumming, Phyo K. Myint and Maw P. Tan
factors ( Ambrose, Paul, & Hausdorff, 2013 ; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017 ; Kenny, Romero-Ortuno, & Kumar, 2017 ; Panel on Prevention of Falls in Older Persons, American Geriatrics Society and British Geriatrics Society, 2011 ; Todd & Skelton, 2004 ; World Health Organization
Marcelo Eduardo de Souza Nunes, Umberto Cesar Correa, Marina Gusman Thomazi Xavier de Souza, Luciano Basso, Daniel Boari Coelho and Suely Santos
.” In addition, a one-way ANOVA revealed no significant difference between performance with and without KP, F (1, 19) = 2.78, p = .11, η p 2 = .13 . Discussion and Conclusion The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of self-controlled KP on motor skill learning by older persons. For this