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Yashi Li, Lu Liu, Yiran Diao, and Hua Dong

relationship between service experience and IOPA of older adults. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to determine the possible influence of the service ontology of OPA service systems on the IOPA of older adults, based on the construction of a service ontology model and a study conducted in Nanjing

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Joshua I. Newman

This article seeks to unsettle the taken-for-granted epistemological and ontological foundations upon which many curricular and research-based activities in contemporary sport management are grounded. With an emphasis on that academic field’s development in the United States in particular, the author problematizes the underlying assumptions that guide many of sport management’s concomitant scientific and industrial projects. The article concludes with a brief discussion on how we might reenvisage both the study and praxis of sport management in ways that are not just economically generative, but in ways that might also bring about cultural and social transformation.

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Adam J. Nichol, Philip R. Hayes, Will Vickery, Emma Boocock, Paul Potrac, and Edward T. Hall

understanding of social influence in sporting organizations, we believe that there is scope for developing our ontological, theoretical, and empirical understandings of this topic. Indeed, it is important to recognize the limitations, as well as the strengths, of the principal theories that have been used to

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Ray Gamache

representation to explain written rules, which are necessarily subject to interpretation. Pitana’s dash to the sideline and dance in the review area set in motion a discursive chain that connects ontological authority and the pursuit of transparency, certitude, and integrity with a set of communicative logics

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Iain Lindsey and Gareth Wiltshire

has been commonly and repeatedly advocated ( Black, 2017 ; Darnell, 2012 ; Hartmann & Kwauk, 2011 ). Given the prominence and importance of these issues, it is something of a surprise that the existing SFD literature has yet to substantially and explicitly consider the fundamental ontological

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Roger Russell

reflection in relationship to scientific principles. Feldenkrais’s ontological position was that a person was not a physical body guided by an immaterial mind but a human being who had a choice about how to behave and how to learn. This contra-Cartesian stance gave priority to first-person experience as

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Larena Hoeber

supervisor, teacher, researcher, and reviewer, but are not original thoughts. Other qualitative scholars have already said similar things. Their comments aligned with what I have experienced, so I am retelling them in a sport management context. Ontologies and Epistemologies Matter Near the end of my

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Danielle Peers

concept of axiology and exploring its connection to major paradigms engaged within APA and their parent disciplines, unpacking some of their ontological and epistemological assumptions. I then discuss some ways that axiology affects APA research across disciplines and paradigms, and the ways these may

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Richard Giulianotti

Risk has been a prominent keyword in public and academic spheres since the early 1990s. Discourses of risk assessment and management now underpin a vast range of professional, social and political domains, from the planning of children’s leisure to global diplomacy on nuclear proliferation. Similar to “cultural” and “global” turns, we may speak of a “risk turn” that marks an epistemological and ontological step-change from the early 1990s onwards in social sciences.

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Trevor Williams and Tarja Kolkka

The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the use of the structural functionalist sociological perspective in a disability sport inquiry. A study of socialization into wheelchair basketball is used to show how the ontological and epistemological assumptions of structural functionalism underlie decisions about the research problem and subproblems, data collection method, explanation of the results, and conclusion. Wheelchair basketball is conceptualized as a social system, and socialization as a process that ensures pattern maintenance within the system. A critique is offered of how the perspective has been interpreted in the disability sport literature, its capacity to incorporate variance, and theoretical and heuristic utility for examining disability sports.