This article seeks to unsettle the taken-for-granted epistemological and ontological foundations upon which many curricular and research-based activities in contemporary sport management are grounded. With an emphasis on that academic field’s development in the United States in particular, the author problematizes the underlying assumptions that guide many of sport management’s concomitant scientific and industrial projects. The article concludes with a brief discussion on how we might reenvisage both the study and praxis of sport management in ways that are not just economically generative, but in ways that might also bring about cultural and social transformation.
Joshua I. Newman
Adam J. Nichol, Philip R. Hayes, Will Vickery, Emma Boocock, Paul Potrac, and Edward T. Hall
understanding of social influence in sporting organizations, we believe that there is scope for developing our ontological, theoretical, and empirical understandings of this topic. Indeed, it is important to recognize the limitations, as well as the strengths, of the principal theories that have been used to
representation to explain written rules, which are necessarily subject to interpretation. Pitana’s dash to the sideline and dance in the review area set in motion a discursive chain that connects ontological authority and the pursuit of transparency, certitude, and integrity with a set of communicative logics
Iain Lindsey and Gareth Wiltshire
has been commonly and repeatedly advocated ( Black, 2017 ; Darnell, 2012 ; Hartmann & Kwauk, 2011 ). Given the prominence and importance of these issues, it is something of a surprise that the existing SFD literature has yet to substantially and explicitly consider the fundamental ontological
reflection in relationship to scientific principles. Feldenkrais’s ontological position was that a person was not a physical body guided by an immaterial mind but a human being who had a choice about how to behave and how to learn. This contra-Cartesian stance gave priority to first-person experience as
concept of axiology and exploring its connection to major paradigms engaged within APA and their parent disciplines, unpacking some of their ontological and epistemological assumptions. I then discuss some ways that axiology affects APA research across disciplines and paradigms, and the ways these may
Risk has been a prominent keyword in public and academic spheres since the early 1990s. Discourses of risk assessment and management now underpin a vast range of professional, social and political domains, from the planning of children’s leisure to global diplomacy on nuclear proliferation. Similar to “cultural” and “global” turns, we may speak of a “risk turn” that marks an epistemological and ontological step-change from the early 1990s onwards in social sciences.
Michael D. Giardina and Joshua I. Newman
In this article, we identify various points of ontological, epistemological, and methodological intersection from which an embodied, generative Physical Cultural Studies project can emerge. We follow scholars such as Ingham (1997) and Andrews (2008) in arguing that contemporary “body work” scholars might benefit from “framing” (Butler 2009) embodiment and corporeality within the general coordinates of 1) cultural studies’ politics of articulation (as theory and method) and radical-contextualism and 2) the cultural exigencies of the body (i.e., cultural physicalities)—and in the “messy” practices of reflexivity, empirical vulnerability, and writing (as representation and performance) such embodied research as/in practice demands.
Laurence de Garis
This paper examines epistemological and ontological issues in ethnographic research and texts. Based on my experiences as a subject in an ethnographic study of pro wrestling, I present an ethnography of the ethnographer. In this paper, I discuss problems arising from a hierarchy of understanding that privileges the ethnographer, the primacy of visualism, and a desire to penetrate and uncover hidden truths. I propose that a performative approach to ethnography recognizes the agency of the ethnographic object and opens access to other sensorial phenomena.
Mary G. McDonald and Susan Birrell
This paper discusses a methodology for interrogating power, which we call reading sport critically. Although versions of this method are currently practiced by a number of sport scholars, the theoretical and methodological groundings for the approach are rarely explicitly articulated. In this paper, we outline this critical analytic strategy, map its theoretical locations, and explore the ontological and epistemological issues that ground it. We advocate reading sport critically as a methodology for making visible and producing counternarratives, that is, narratives infused with resistant political possibilities.