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Kirsi E. Keskinen, Merja Rantakokko, Kimmo Suomi, Taina Rantanen, and Erja Portegijs

factors underlying older adults’ perceptions of environmental outdoor mobility facilitators and the influence of these on their PA. Categorizing neighborhoods into the city center, subcenters, and dense and disperse areas outside centers could also enhance the value of research results for urban planning

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Lotta Palmberg, Erja Portegijs, Taina Rantanen, Eeva Aartolahti, Anne Viljanen, Mirja Hirvensalo, and Merja Rantakokko

associations. Although we adjusted the analyses for various health factors, we were only able to account for these at the baseline and did not have the possibility to evaluate the severity of the diseases that the participants reported. Engaging in PA ( Paterson & Warburton, 2010 ) and daily outdoor mobility

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Yen-Jong Chen, Rodney H. Matsuoka, and Kun-Cheng Tsai

Mobility barriers can impede physical activity, increase the fear of falling, and pose a threat to the ability of older adults to live independently. This study investigated outdoor mobility barriers within a nonretirement public housing community located in Tainan, Taiwan. Site observations and interviews with older adult residents determined that parked motor scooters, potted plants, the rubber tiles of play areas, and a set of steps were the most important barriers. In addition, the space syntax parameters of control value and mean depth were effectively able to quantitatively measure improvements in walkability resulting from the hypothesized removal of these four barriers. These measures of improved walkability can be included in a cost-benefit analysis of spatial improvement factors to help policymakers address the mobility and accessibility needs of older adults.

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Sandra C. Webber, Francine Hahn, Lisa M. Lix, Brenda J. Tittlemier, Nancy M. Salbach, and Ruth Barclay

walking in free-living accelerometer data collected in similar samples of older adults. Methods Protocol This analysis was conducted as part of a larger trial for community-dwelling older adults with self-reported outdoor mobility limitations. The protocol for the larger randomized controlled trial

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Alyson B. Harding, Nancy W. Glynn, Stephanie A. Studenski, Philippa J. Clarke, Ayushi A. Divecha, and Andrea L. Rosso

original Checklist, these factors contribute to difficulty with outdoor mobility in older adults ( Clarke, 2014 ; Clarke & Gallagher, 2013 ), so the ability to evaluate them using Google Street View imagery may play an important role in the mobility literature. Additionally, types of nonresidential use (e

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Heidi Skantz, Timo Rantalainen, Laura Karavirta, Merja Rantakokko, Lotta Palmberg, Erja Portegijs, and Taina Rantanen

avoid exhaustion or to avoid pain ( Brawley, Rejeski, & King, 2003 ). Moreover, as shown in previous studies, this strategy enables them to maintain their self-reported outdoor mobility on the same level as before ( Rantakokko et al., 2017 ; Skantz, Rantanen, Palmberg, et al., 2020 ). We also observed

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A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael D. Denkinger, Kilian Rapp, and for the ActiFE Study Group

environment is described as outdoor mobility ( Webber, Porter, & Menec, 2010 ). Outdoor activities are linked to increased PA levels ( Portegijs, Tsai, Rantanen, & Rantakokko, 2015 ; Tsai et al., 2016 ). Expansion of daily life space, defined as the area through which a person moves in daily life, has been

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Mark Ward, Sarah Gibney, David O’Callaghan, and Sinead Shannon

, 179 ( 3 ), 335 – 343 . PubMed ID: 24227016 doi:10.1093/aje/kwt263 10.1093/aje/kwt263 Rantakokko , M. , Iwarsson , S. , Vahaluoto , S. , Portegijs , E. , Viljanen , A. , & Rantanen , T. ( 2014 ). Perceived environmental barriers to outdoor mobility and feelings of loneliness among

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Erja Portegijs, Erik J. Timmermans, Maria V. Castell, Elaine M. Dennison, Florian Herbolsheimer, Federica Limongi, Suzan van der Pas, Laura A. Schaap, Natasja van Schoor, and Dorly J.H. Deeg

higher levels of physical activity and active travel ( Davis et al., 2011 ). The lack of benches is a well-recognized environmental barrier for outdoor mobility ( Levasseur et al., 2015 ; Rantakokko, Iwarsson, Portegijs, Viljanen, & Rantanen, 2015 ), but the evidence is less clear on whether the