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Virginie Nicaise, David Kahan, Karen Reuben and James F. Sallis

This study investigated the impact of renovation and redesign of a university preschool’s outdoor space on children’s sedentary behavior, light activity, and moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity (MVPA) during unstructured recess. Physical activity was measured by accelerometry and direct observation in two independent samples of 50 (baseline) and 57 (postintervention) children (M age=4.4 yrs ± 0.5). Controlling for gender, age, BMI and recess length, observational data, but not accelerometry, revealed a significant decrease in intervals spent sedentary (-26.5%) and increases in light physical activity (+11.6%) and MVPA (+14.9%). Higher levels of MVPA were associated with specific environmental changes (new looping cycle path, OR = 2.18; increased playground open space, OR = 7.62; and new grass hill, OR = 3.27). Decreased sedentary behavior and increased light activity and MVPA may be realized with environmental changes that promote continuous and novel movement experiences in more expansive spaces.

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Janet Lok Chun Lee and Rainbow Tin Hung Ho

in security and enjoy good health while continuing to participate fully in society. According to WHO’s Global Age-Friendly Cities Guide, there are eight dimensions to the concept of age-friendly cities ( World Health Organization, 2007 ), outdoor spaces being one of these eight dimensions. In the

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Jennifer McConnell-Nzunga, Katie A. Weatherson, Louise Masse, Valerie Carson, Guy Faulkner, Erica Lau, Heather McKay, Viviene Temple, Luke Wolfenden and Patti J. Naylor

), saw staff being active, did not sit for prolonged periods (eg, in a stroller, high chair, board games, crafts, etc), and engaged in at least 60 minutes of outdoor active play per day. Responses were dichotomized into “daily” and “less than daily.” Environment Respondents also rated their outdoor space

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Nancy Quinn, Laura Misener and P. David Howe

into these outdoor spaces. I took a deep breath, enjoyed a long, last look at The Village , and turned to leave. My day pass would expire shortly, and Village security would seek me out. I headed to the exit to surrender my access to The Village for another day. Critical Considerations of Athletes

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Sandra E. Echeverria, Amiee Luan Kang, Carmen R. Isasi, Janice Johnson-Dias and Dula Pacquiao

Background:

Neighborhoods can be an important feature of the built environment influencing physical activity; however, neighborhood poverty and violence may pose significant barriers for youth physical activity. We conducted a community survey of 107 households with youth 3–12 years of age in select neighborhoods of the city of Newark, New Jersey, a highly impoverished and racially/ethnically segregated city of the United States.

Results:

The majority of sampled households did not have access to a park, and nearly 60% of youth were not engaged in a team or organized physical activity program. Hearing gunshots and seeing drug deals in the neighborhood were reported by 74% and 56%, respectively, of study participants. In adjusted regression models, a 1-unit increase in self-reported neighborhood safety was associated with perceptions that parks were safe for youth to use (OR = 1.7, CI = 1.3, 2.3) and increased odds of youth using parks (OR = 1.3, CI = 1.0, 1.6). Self-reported neighborhood violence was marginally associated with lower levels of Metabolic Equivalent (MET)-min/week of moderate PA (β = –54.25, P = .05).

Conclusion:

To ensure national goals of increased physical activity and use of outdoor spaces, addressing the neighborhood contexts under which the most vulnerable of our youth live will be required.

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Emily A. Roper

Fear of violent crime and concern for personal safety are well documented fears among women (Bialeschki & Hicks, 1998; Wesley & Gaarder, 2004). Feminist theorists argue that concern for personal safety among women is one of the most significant ways in which women’s lives and their use of space is controlled and restricted (Bialeschki, 1999; Cops & Pleysier, 2011). Employing a feminist standpoint framework (Hill Collins, 2000), the purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine recreational female runners’ concerns for safety while running outdoors in an urban park setting and the strategies employed to negotiate or manage their concerns. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 female recreational runners. Interview data were analyzed following the procedures outlined by Corbin and Strauss (2007) for open and axial coding. The following themes emerged from the interview data: (a) fear of being attacked, (b) environmental and social cues, (c) normalization of street harassment, (d) negotiation strategies, and (e) recommendations for enhancing safety. The findings provide important information pertaining to women’s access to safe outdoor space in which to exercise. Perceptions of safety, fear of being attacked and experiences of harassment have the power to negatively influence women’s engagement and enjoyment in outdoor PA/exercise.

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Commentary Inferior Exercise Economy in Children: Perpetuating a Myth? Thomas Rowland * 11 2012 24 4 501 506 10.1123/pes.24.4.501 Original Research Evaluation of a Redesigned Outdoor Space on Preschool Children’s Physical Activity During Recess Virginie Nicaise * David Kahan * Karen Reuben

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Ali Brian, Adam Pennell, Ryan Sacko and Michaela Schenkelburg

%) of the teachers reported access to an outdoor space to be physically active, and the remaining teachers ( n  = 47; 46%) reported access to both indoor and outdoor space. However, 24% of teachers ( n  = 24) indicated that, while they had access to both indoor and outdoor space, the indoor space was

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Nathan Hall, Brent Bradford, José da Costa and Daniel B. Robinson

perceive various outdoor spaces to be exciting ( Rasmussen & Smidt, 2002 ), and, consequently, it is possible that they do not realize the potential of these spaces for various activities. Therefore, there is a need to help children identify these spaces as enjoyable environments where they can confidently

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Kent Griffin

education programs ( James & Williams, 2017 ). Sutherland and Legge ( 2016 ) highlighted two core barriers to OAE adoption. One is the practicality of an OAE. Issues of not enough time, not enough equipment, and not enough proximity to easily accessible outdoor spaces characterize this barrier. A second