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Mirko Brandes, Berit Steenbock and Norman Wirsik

.3 (2.0) kg/m 2 . Of the 42 children, 22 were boys. All children were able to speak and understand German. The measurements were conducted at the kindergarten using the available indoor and outdoor infrastructure. The children had to fast for at least 2 hours before measurement, but they were allowed to

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Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

outdoor activities, and the implications of these interactions for health and father-child relationships. Although outdoor activities may not be physical activities per se, they are often contrasted with sedentary indoor activities such as watching television and playing video games ( Booker et al., 2015

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Kate Hovey, Diana Niland and John T. Foley

populations, one of the areas that is lacking is the self-efficacy of physical education teacher education (PETE) students to teach outdoor education (OE) skills and concepts. As self-efficacy, and more specifically teacher self-efficacy, is defined as a teacher’s perception of how well they can teach a

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Nicole E. Nicksic, Meliha Salahuddin, Nancy F. Butte and Deanna M. Hoelscher

weight control. 2 However, most children in the United States do not participate in enough PA. 3 Children spending time outdoors has been shown to increase their activity levels. 4 , 5 Unstructured outdoor activity can increase overall PA levels as well as cognitive functioning, social interaction, and

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Owen Jeffries, Mark Waldron, Stephen D. Patterson and Brook Galna

-second sprints, 9 4-minute time trials, 10 and longer duration 40-km time trials despite a ∼6% reduction in performance time outdoors. 11 Relatively little is known about variation in power output in response to more immediate external demands of pacing during outdoor cycling such as short strategic

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Richard Larouche, Emily F. Mire, Kevin Belanger, Tiago V. Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol Maher, José Maia, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Mark S. Tremblay and For the ISCOLE Research Group

time ( 3 , 11 ). For example, data from the United States show that although participation in organized sports has increased over time, engagement in active transportation and outdoor play has markedly decreased over the last 4 decades ( 3 ). Mounting evidence suggests that children who spend more time

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Alexandra F. DeJong and Jay Hertel

Key Points ▸ Wearable sensors enable recognition of unique outdoor training and racing activities. ▸ Spatiotemporal outcomes recorded by sensors reflected speed training and racing. ▸ These individual running cases set up for larger scale in-field running gait assessments. Outdoor running

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Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy

adults or if it could potentially improve their well-being by reducing negative affect. Given the potential positive psychological impact of integrating these strategies, this study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, sustainability, and preliminary efficacy of an outdoor mindful

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Robin C. Puett, Dina Huang, Jessica Montresor-Lopez, Rashawn Ray and Jennifer D. Roberts

(MVPA) for at least 60 minutes per day. 3 In partial response to declining levels of physical activity levels among children, a growing body of research suggests that outdoor play in natural environments increases MVPA levels to a greater extent than indoor play among children. 4 – 6 For children aged

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Christopher Byrne and Jason K.W. Lee

determine if the PSI, in original or modified form, could quantify strain on a 0 to 10 scale in trained and heat-acclimatized men undertaking a competitive 21.1-km outdoor run in heat. Our first objective was to employ the PSI with original TC and HR upper constraints (ie, 39.5°C and 180 beats·min −1 ). Our