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Energy Cost of Common Physical Activities in Preschoolers

Mirko Brandes, Berit Steenbock, and Norman Wirsik

.3 (2.0) kg/m 2 . Of the 42 children, 22 were boys. All children were able to speak and understand German. The measurements were conducted at the kindergarten using the available indoor and outdoor infrastructure. The children had to fast for at least 2 hours before measurement, but they were allowed to

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Parks Visitation, Physical Activity Engagement, and Older People’s Motivation for Visiting Local Parks

Pazit Levinger, Bronwyn L. Dreher, Jeremy Dunn, Stephanie Garratt, Emma Abfalter, Briony Dow, Frances Batchelor, and Keith D. Hill

Outdoor spaces such as local parks have been shown to be a valuable source of recreational and incidental activity, with social interactions and health benefits ( Sallis et al., 2016 ; van den Bosch & Ode Sang, 2017 ). The importance of parks has been highlighted during the closure of indoor

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Exploring the Possibilities of Outdoor/Adventure Education

Kent Griffin

. Those who have little to no space, for example, apartment occupants, are asking about hiking and biking on local trails. As a physical educator and an outdoor educator, of course I encourage them to engage in these activities, as long as they follow the guidelines per their local, state, and federal

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Father-Child Sports Participation and Outdoor Activities: Patterns and Implications for Health and Father-Child Relationships

Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

outdoor activities, and the implications of these interactions for health and father-child relationships. Although outdoor activities may not be physical activities per se, they are often contrasted with sedentary indoor activities such as watching television and playing video games ( Booker et al., 2015

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Using a Service Ontology to Understand What Influences Older Adults’ Outdoor Physical Activities in Nanjing

Yashi Li, Lu Liu, Yiran Diao, and Hua Dong

). Participation in outdoor physical activity (OPA) is generally viewed as the main means of increasing overall physical activity levels of older adults ( Liu, Astrid, et al., 2021 ) and is essential for the physical and mental well-being compared with only indoor physical activity ( Coon et al., 2011 ). However

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Validation of an Adapted Questionnaire for Outdoor Walking Among Older Adults: The CHAMPS-OUTDOORS

Olayinka Akinrolie, Sandra C. Webber, Nancy M. Salbach, and Ruth Barclay

Recently, outdoor walking has been advocated particularly for older adults due to the numerous benefits associated with walking in a natural environment. Outdoor walking has been shown to improve health and mental and social well-being ( Duvall, 2011 ; Simonsick, Guralnik, Volpato, Balfour

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Associations Between Parent-Perceived Neighborhood Safety and Encouragement and Child Outdoor Physical Activity Among Low-Income Children

Nicole E. Nicksic, Meliha Salahuddin, Nancy F. Butte, and Deanna M. Hoelscher

weight control. 2 However, most children in the United States do not participate in enough PA. 3 Children spending time outdoors has been shown to increase their activity levels. 4 , 5 Unstructured outdoor activity can increase overall PA levels as well as cognitive functioning, social interaction, and

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Correlates of Outdoor Time in Schoolchildren From Families Speaking Nonofficial Languages at Home: A Multisite Canadian Study

Ransimala Nayakarathna, Nimesh B. Patel, Cheryl Currie, Guy Faulkner, Negin A. Riazi, Mark S. Tremblay, François Trudeau, and Richard Larouche

The Position Statement on Active Outdoor Play states that spending more time outdoors is associated with physical, mental, social, and environmental benefits. 1 A systematic review reported that children who spent more time outdoors were generally more active. 2 Researchers found that each

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The Impact of Participation in an Outdoor Education Program on Physical Education Teacher Education Student Self-Efficacy to Teach Outdoor Education

Kate Hovey, Diana Niland, and John T. Foley

populations, one of the areas that is lacking is the self-efficacy of physical education teacher education (PETE) students to teach outdoor education (OE) skills and concepts. As self-efficacy, and more specifically teacher self-efficacy, is defined as a teacher’s perception of how well they can teach a

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An Analysis of Variability in Power Output During Indoor and Outdoor Cycling Time Trials

Owen Jeffries, Mark Waldron, Stephen D. Patterson, and Brook Galna

-second sprints, 9 4-minute time trials, 10 and longer duration 40-km time trials despite a ∼6% reduction in performance time outdoors. 11 Relatively little is known about variation in power output in response to more immediate external demands of pacing during outdoor cycling such as short strategic