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Michelle A. Sandrey

Key Points ▸ Passive stretching protocols are used either in the short term or following a 4–6-week intervention. ▸ There is a moderate level of evidence supporting the use of passive stretching for overhead athletes. ▸ The strength of recommendation is grade B due to inconsistent evidence

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Saurabh Sharma and M. Ejaz Hussain

athletic population. 3 , 4 Overhead athletes use their shoulder at or above 90° in their respective sports games. This includes sports such as badminton, volleyball, lawn tennis, cricket, swimming, football, and others. The prevalence of shoulder impingement ranges between 6–20%, depending on the overhead

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Fábio Carlos Lucas de Oliveira, Amanda L. Ager, and Jean-Sébastien Roy

clinically diagnosed with RCRSP. Therefore, the aim of this study was (1) to compare the AHD at rest (0°) and 60° of active shoulder abduction in the frontal plane between the symptomatic and asymptomatic shoulder of recreational overhead athletes with unilateral RCRSP and (2) to determine the relationship

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Ioanna K. Bolia, Alexander E. Weber, Hansel Ihn, Paul Won, Laith K. Hasan, Aryan Haratian, Lisa Noceti-Dewit, Russ Romano, James E. Tibone, and Seth C. Gamradt

Key Points ▸ To date, little has been reported on the frequency, management, and outcomes of abdominal muscle injuries in elite overhead athletes. ▸ This case series is to our knowledge the first study to report on the rates of abdominal injury in overhead athletes and their return to sport at a

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Damla Gulpinar, Sibel Tekeli Ozer, and Sevgi Sevi Yesilyaprak

, handball, and basketball have different characteristics, they have similar motion patterns that comprise repetitive overhead shoulder and upper limb motions, and are referred as overhead sports. 5 , 6 Several intrinsic risk factors leading to injury in the dominant shoulder of overhead athletes have been

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Matthew J. Hussey, Alex E. Boron-Magulick, Tamara C. Valovich McLeod, and Cailee E. Welch Bacon

therapy. There have been several studies that address the relationship between ROM deficits and overhead injuries; however, it is unclear which interventions are most effective for restoring ROM to normative ranges. 1 – 3 Clinical Question In overhead athletes who have deficient shoulder ROM, is IASTM

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Bradley J. Conant, Nicole A. German, and Shannon L. David

treatment plan may improve healing of the UCL, improve return-to-competition rates, and minimize the time necessary to return compared with rehabilitation alone. Focused Clinical Question Do PRP injections improve conservative treatment outcomes in overhead athletes with partial tears of the UCL compared

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Pavlos Angelopoulos, Konstantinos Mylonas, Elias Tsepis, Evdokia Billis, Nikolaos Vaitsis, and Konstantinos Fousekis

hypersensitivity, which in turn can limit joint range of motion (ROM), muscle strength, and functional performance, in general. Overhead athletes display altered adaptations in terms of shoulder functioning on their dominant side that favor external rotation weakness, increased external rotation, decreased

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Corbin A. Hedt, S. Brett Holland, Bradley S. Lambert, Joshua D. Harris, and Patrick C. McCulloch

returning overhead athletes to sport and reducing the risk of secondary injury. Previous investigators have observed differing practice patterns among physical therapists with divergent experience levels based on the amount of time in practice or the possession of advanced certifications. 7 , 8 Notable

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Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei, and Maryam Morovati

Shoulder pain is among the most common musculoskeletal disorders in overhead athletes such as throwers, swimmers, and tennis, baseball and volleyball players. Repetitive overhead throwing motions, altered movement patterns of the shoulder, scapular dyskinesis, insufficient rotator cuff performance