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Josh Trout and Kim C. Graber

The purpose of this investigation was to examine overweight students’ perceptions of and experiences in physical education. Specifically, the applicability of learned helplessness as a framework to understand their experiences was explored. Participants were seven female and five male high school students whose body mass index was at or higher than the gender- and age-specific 85th percentile based on Centers for Disease Control growth charts. Data collection included formal interviews with students and their parents. The primary findings indicate that students have mixed opinions concerning the benefits to be derived from physical education. Despite recognizing the relationship between lack of physical activity and obesity, many participants avoided participation because they had been traumatized to the extent of exhibiting symptoms consistent with learned helplessness. Participants demonstrated greater concern about visibility than they did about their performance, which suggests they might engage in physical activity if shielded from the view of peers.

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Danielle Symons Downs, Krista S. Leonard, Jessica S. Beiler and Ian M. Paul

others in the year after delivery. 13 Women who were active before pregnancy also fail to return to their prepregnancy EX levels after pregnancy. 11 Given that the majority of women enter pregnancy already overweight (25%) or obese (30%) and gain weight during pregnancy in excess of Institute of

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Wael Maktouf, Sylvain Durand, Bruno Beaune and Sébastien Boyas

). The obese group (OG) consisted of 6 subjects (4 males and 2 females; age = 78.8 [3.7] y; BMI > 30 kg/m 2 ), the overweight group (OWG) of 7 subjects (4 males and 3 females; age = 80.9 [2.8] y; 25 < BMI < 30 kg/m 2 ), and the normal weight group (NWG) of 6 subjects (3 males and 3 females; age = 80.8 [5

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Jeffrey C. Cowley, Steven T. McCaw, Kelly R. Laurson and Michael R. Torry

Conditions associated with inactivity, including overweight and obesity, are increasingly common in children ( 33 ). Overweight contributes to many negative health outcomes during childhood, and children who are overweight are more likely to be overweight as adults ( 8 , 38 ). Research consistently

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Summer Davis, Xihe Zhu and Justin Haegele

, Zhu, Haegele, Wilson, & Wu, 2019 ), which is a primary goal of physical education ( Society of Health and Physical Educators America, 2016 ). Physical education can be difficult for students who are overweight/obese ( Fairclough & Stratton, 2006 ), particularly during fitness testing ( Trout & Graber

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Mostafa Yaghoubi, Philip W. Fink, Wyatt H. Page and Sarah P. Shultz

The incidence of pediatric overweight (OW) has increased rapidly in recent decades, with an estimated 200 million children (school aged) worldwide categorized as OW or obese and a further 92 million children at risk of becoming OW ( 39 , 49 ). Physical activity is a key component in the prevention

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Neil Armstrong and Jo Welsman

girls’ values progressively decline with age, particularly from ∼13 to 14 years of age ( 6 ). Ratio scaling is “convenient and traditional” ( 13 ), but it does not have a rigorous scientific rationale, is often not statistically justified, favors lighter individuals, and penalizes heavier (overweight or

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Chien-Chih Chou, Kuan-Chou Chen, Mei-Yao Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu and Chung-Ju Huang

overweight children and their intelligence quotient (IQ) test performance ( Li, 1995 ) as well as their academic achievement ( Taras & Potts-Datema, 2005 ). Moreover, emerging literature has presented increased evidence supporting the detrimental effect of obesity on EF, including attention, mental

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Oren Tirosh, Guy Orland, Alon Eliakim, Dan Nemet and Nili Steinberg

, whether overweight children achieve similar shock attenuation levels as healthy-weight children when running. Childhood obesity was suggested to have a relationship with musculoskeletal injuries and pain. 8 de Luca et al 9 explored the influence of spinal pain on quality of life in 256 women with spinal

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Kyle J. Miller, Rodolfo I. Martínez-Lemos, Antón Giráldez and Carlos Ayán

Most of the world’s population lives in countries where obesity kills more people than being underweight. Worldwide, the proportion of overweight people has nearly tripled since 1975, affecting up to 39% (1900 million) adults in 2016, from which 13% (650 million) were obese. 1 Obesity raises the