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Perceptions of Overweight Students Concerning Their Experiences in Physical Education

Josh Trout and Kim C. Graber

The purpose of this investigation was to examine overweight students’ perceptions of and experiences in physical education. Specifically, the applicability of learned helplessness as a framework to understand their experiences was explored. Participants were seven female and five male high school students whose body mass index was at or higher than the gender- and age-specific 85th percentile based on Centers for Disease Control growth charts. Data collection included formal interviews with students and their parents. The primary findings indicate that students have mixed opinions concerning the benefits to be derived from physical education. Despite recognizing the relationship between lack of physical activity and obesity, many participants avoided participation because they had been traumatized to the extent of exhibiting symptoms consistent with learned helplessness. Participants demonstrated greater concern about visibility than they did about their performance, which suggests they might engage in physical activity if shielded from the view of peers.

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Predictors of Postpartum Exercise According to Prepregnancy Body Mass Index and Gestational Weight Gain

Danielle Symons Downs, Krista S. Leonard, Jessica S. Beiler, and Ian M. Paul

others in the year after delivery. 13 Women who were active before pregnancy also fail to return to their prepregnancy EX levels after pregnancy. 11 Given that the majority of women enter pregnancy already overweight (25%) or obese (30%) and gain weight during pregnancy in excess of Institute of

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Physical Education Teachers and Competing Obesity Discourses: An Examination of Emerging Professional Identities

Dean Barker, Mikael Quennerstedt, Anna Johansson, and Peter Korp

a practical orientation with an inclusive language to make recommendations on how to improve overweight children’s experiences of physical education. Rukavina and Doolittle ( 2016 ), for example, examine how inclusion and positive physical education experiences can be fostered for overweight and

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Influence of Obesity and Impact of a Physical Activity Program on Postural Control and Functional and Physical Capacities in Institutionalized Older Adults: A Pilot Study

Wael Maktouf, Sylvain Durand, Bruno Beaune, and Sébastien Boyas

). The obese group (OG) consisted of 6 subjects (4 males and 2 females; age = 78.8 [3.7] y; BMI > 30 kg/m 2 ), the overweight group (OWG) of 7 subjects (4 males and 3 females; age = 80.9 [2.8] y; 25 < BMI < 30 kg/m 2 ), and the normal weight group (NWG) of 6 subjects (3 males and 3 females; age = 80.8 [5

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High School Student Fitness Test Attributions: Does BMI or Performance Matter?

Summer Davis, Xihe Zhu, and Justin Haegele

, Zhu, Haegele, Wilson, & Wu, 2019 ), which is a primary goal of physical education ( Society of Health and Physical Educators America, 2016 ). Physical education can be difficult for students who are overweight/obese ( Fairclough & Stratton, 2006 ), particularly during fitness testing ( Trout & Graber

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Sex-Specific Longitudinal Modeling of Youth Peak Oxygen Uptake

Neil Armstrong and Jo Welsman

girls’ values progressively decline with age, particularly from ∼13 to 14 years of age ( 6 ). Ratio scaling is “convenient and traditional” ( 13 ), but it does not have a rigorous scientific rationale, is often not statistically justified, favors lighter individuals, and penalizes heavier (overweight or

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Children Who Are Overweight Display Altered Vertical Jump Kinematics and Kinetics From Children Who Are Not Overweight

Jeffrey C. Cowley, Steven T. McCaw, Kelly R. Laurson, and Michael R. Torry

Conditions associated with inactivity, including overweight and obesity, are increasingly common in children ( 33 ). Overweight contributes to many negative health outcomes during childhood, and children who are overweight are more likely to be overweight as adults ( 8 , 38 ). Research consistently

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Inclusion of Individuals With Overweight/Obesity in Physical Activity Settings

Paul Bernard Rukavina

Obesity is one of the major public health concerns in the United States ( Hales et al., 2020 ). An important strategy to reduce the health risks associated with overweight and obesity is engaging in regular physical activity (PA), such as exercise, lifetime activities, and team sports ( Powell et

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Physician Advice to the Elderly about Physical Activity

Alseny Balde, Jaime Figueras, Dawn A. Hawking, and John R. Miller

Lack of physical activity is an increasing public-health problem. Physicians should counsel elderly patients to maintain regular physical activity in order to retain functionality and quality of life. This study examined the patterns of physician advice about physical activity in an elderly population. A homogeneous group of older adults living in public housing (N = 146) was surveyed to determine the extent to which they received such advice. Their mean age was 77.9 ± 7 years, 74% were women, 70.5% were White, and 53.4% had high school education or less. We assessed the association between physician counseling practices and the participants’ demographic characteristics, overweight status, and type of physical activity performed. The prevalence rate of physician counseling was 61.6%. Elderly men who were married and those who were overweight were most likely to receive advice. Routine physician counseling of elderly patients regardless of overweight status could contribute to improving their quality of life.

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Physical Activity-Related Injury and Body Mass Index Among US High School Students

Richard Lowry, Sarah M. Lee, Deborah A. Galuska, Janet E. Fulton, Lisa C. Barrios, and Laura Kann

Background:

Few studies have focused on the relationship between physical activity-related (PA) injury and overweight among youth.

Methods:

We analyzed data from the 2001 and 2003 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (n = 28,815). Logistic regression was used to examine the independent effects of BMI and frequency of participation in vigorous activity, moderate activity, strengthening exercises, physical education (PE) classes, and team sports on the likelihood of PA injury.

Results:

Approximately 14% of females and 19% of males reported seeing a doctor or nurse during the previous 30 d for an injury that happened while exercising or playing sports. PA injury was associated with participation in team sports, strengthening exercises, and (among females) vigorous physical activity. Controlling for type and frequency of physical activity, injury was not associated with being overweight (BMI ≥ 95th percentile).

Conclusions:

Moderate physical activity and school PE classes may provide relatively low-risk alternatives for overweight youth who need to increase their physical activity.