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Danielle Peers, Timothy Konoval, and Rebecca Marsh Naturkach

Organizations (NSOs) and often Provincial Sport Organizations (PSOs) are increasingly mandated to support parasports and para-athletes throughout the athlete development pathway. Evidence suggests, however, that the integrated parasport model in Canada has not become the bastion of inclusion that it was

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Darda Sales and Laura Misener

(referred to in this article as para athletes; Sport for Life, 2013 ). No Accidental Champions Describes some of the opportunities and challenges that face persons with permanent disabilities in pursuing sport and physical activity and how the Canadian sport system can best accommodate their needs for

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Hannah Macdougall, Paul O’Halloran, Emma Sherry, and Nora Shields

The well-being needs and strengths of para-athletes in a global and sport-specific context were investigated across subjective psychological, social, and physical health and well-being dimensions. Data were drawn from (a) semistructured interviews with Australian para-athletes (n = 23), (b) a focus group with the Australian Paralympic Committee (n = 9), and (c) a confirmatory para-athlete focus group (n = 8). The well-being needs and strengths of para-athletes differed across gender, sport, level of competition, and nature of impairment. Well-being needs were an interaction between physical pain, emotional regulation, lacking purpose outside of sport, and a lack of self-acceptance, especially for athletes with acquired impairments. Well-being strengths were perceived to increase as athletes increased their level of competition, and included personal growth, optimism, strong social support networks, and contributing to multiple communities. The importance of well-being as a multidimensional concept within the global and sport-specific context for para-athletes is discussed.

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Damian Haslett, Javier Monforte, Inhyang Choi, and Brett Smith

, Bundon, and Best ( 2016 ) defined Para athlete activism as the action taken by disabled athletes to create sociopolitical change by resisting and transforming discourses, attitudes, nonverbal acts, policies, and environmental structures that can socially oppress disabled people in their everyday lives

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Frederico Ribeiro Neto, Irineu Loturco, Guilherme Henrique Lopes, Jefferson Rodrigues Dorneles, José Irineu Gorla, and Rodrigo Rodrigues Gomes Costa

vertical jumps, which have been associated with competitive performance 6 and used to assess fatigue 7 in Olympic sport disciplines, the MBT is a fast, feasible, and accessible test to measure performance outcomes in para-athletes. However, it is necessary to determine whether the MBT presents strong and

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Andreia Bauermann, Karina S.G. de Sá, Zilda A. Santos, and Anselmo A. Costa e Silva

literature, looking for articles referenced in other publications. The search strategy for terms within the subject heading, title, and abstract and included the following terms: diet, food, nutrition, nutritional sciences, requirements, status, quality and value, athletic performance, para-athlete

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Jacqueline Martins Patatas, Jens De Rycke, Veerle De Bosscher, and Rafael Lima Kons

models, it is necessary to generate a foundational understanding of the parasport-specific factors that may influence para-athletes’ development. Extending this line of inquiry, the study of Patatas, De Bosscher, Derom, and Winckler ( 2020 ) proposed developmental phases specific for athletic career

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Inhyang Choi, Damian Haslett, Javier Monforte, and Brett Smith

, I. , & Smith , B . ( 2020 ). Para athlete activism: A qualitative examination of disability activism through Paralympic sport in Ireland . Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 47 ( 3 ), 101639 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101639 10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.101639 Haslett , D. , Monforte , J

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Luca Puce, Ilaria Pallecchi, Lucio Marinelli, Maria May, Laura Mori, Piero Ruggeri, and Marco Bove

also contribute to motor disability, limiting joint range of motion and antagonist muscle strength. This is particularly an issue for para-athletes affected by UMNS, in which spasticity, as well as co-contraction and inexhaustible clonus in fatigued conditions, particularly in the lower limbs, may

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Hannah Macdougall, Paul O’Halloran, Nora Shields, and Emma Sherry

This systematic review included 12 studies that compared the well-being of Para and Olympic sport athletes. Meta-analyses revealed that Para athletes, compared with Olympic sport athletes, had lower levels of self-acceptance, indicated by athletic identity, d = -0.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) [-0.77, -0.16], and body-image perceptions, d = -0.33, 95% CI [-0.59, -0.07], and differed from Olympic sport athletes in terms of their motivation, indicated by a greater mastery-oriented climate, d = 0.74, 95% CI [0.46, 1.03]. Given an inability to pool the remaining data for meta-analysis, individual standardized mean differences were calculated for other dimensions of psychological and subjective well-being. The results have implications for professionals and coaches aiming to facilitate the well-being needs of athletes under their care. Future research would benefit from incorporating established models of well-being based on theoretical rationale combined with rigorous study designs.