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The Evolution and Learner-Centered Status of a Coach Education Program

Kyle Paquette and Pierre Trudel

; Quehl et al., 1999 ). The goal of education was to complete a curriculum (which interestingly stems from a Latin word meaning “a race” or “racecourse”) and to earn a diploma or degree. At that time, the instruction paradigm took hold of North American higher education ( Tagg, 2003 ). Grounded in

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Youth Sport Motivation and Participation: Paradigms, Perspectives, and Practicalities

Maureen R. Weiss

-standing sport-science literature. Thus, I intentionally review influential scholarship by founding fathers and mothers (and their offspring) on youth sport motivation over the past 40 years through the lens of three foci: • Paradigms: What describes the dominant research views and methods across the decades

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Paired Associative Stimulation Rewired: A Novel Paradigm to Modulate Resting-State Intracortical Connectivity

Andrew Hooyman, Alexander Garbin, and Beth Fisher

Background Modulation of Intracortical Connectivity Current non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) paradigms, Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), focus on changing behaviors through up or down regulation of a single cortical region

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Introducing 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years: A New Paradigm Gaining Momentum

Mark S. Tremblay

the field of time-use epidemiology, an example of which is compositional analyses of 24-hour movement guidelines. Recent Guideline Developments Commensurate with the rapidly emerging evidence supporting the 24-hour guideline paradigm, several jurisdictions have developed public health guidelines

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Influence of Self-Reported Concussion History and a Dual-Task Paradigm on Multidirectional Gait and Cognitive Performance of Athletes

Maria K. Talarico, Matthew P. Brancaleone, Kayla E. Berezne, James A. Onate, and Laura C. Boucher

Key Points ▸ Multidirectional gait dual-task paradigm elicited motor performance deficits for all athletes regardless of concussion. ▸ Athletes with a concussion history were less accurate during Stroop under single- and dual-task paradigms. ▸ Clinicians may use these findings to implement dynamic

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Iliotibial Band Impingement Syndrome: An Evidence-Informed Clinical Paradigm Change

Paul R. Geisler and Todd Lazenby

Clinical practice in sports medicine is often guided by axioms or paradigms of practice, some of which have persisted over time despite a lack of objective evidence to support their validity. Evidence-based practice compels practicing clinicians to not only seek out and produce evidence that informs their decision-making, but also to challenge existing paradigms of thought and practice, especially when favorable treatment outcomes remain elusive. Insidious, load induced lateral knee pain around the iliotibial band in runners, cyclists, military personnel, rowers, and other athletes has for decades now been conceptualized as iliotibial band friction syndrome, a biomechanically based and unsubstantiated paradigm based on Renne’s 1975 theory that the iliotibial band slips back and forth over the lateral femoral epicondyle during flexion and extension movements of the knee, primarily irritating the underlying bursa and even the iliotibial band itself. Newer evidence about the anatomy and biomechanics of the iliotibial band, the physiology of the condition, and interventional outcomes is now available to challenge that long-held paradigm of thought for iliotibial band related pathology. Given this plethora of new information available for clinical scientists, iliotibial band impingement syndrome is proposed here as a new, evidence-informed paradigm for evaluating and treating this problematic overuse syndrome.

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Attitudes Toward Teaching ChildrenWith Disabilities: Review of Literatureand Research Paradigm

Francis M. Kozub and Christoph Lienert

This review explores the known literature with respect to attitudes and introduces a criterion paradigm to aid future researchers in studying links to attitude behavior. Prior writing has varied from a more atheoretical study of attitude behavior to a focus using theories from other disciplines, most notably the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985). The premise of this paper is that attitude study should progress beyond basic description regarding profiles of pre and inservice teachers to the study of teacher and learner behaviors as a function of known attitude profiles and other mediating variables.

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Analyzing Dual-Task Paradigms to Improve Postconcussion Assessment and Management

Diana Robertson, Landon B. Lempke, and Robert C. Lynall

safety importance of examining dual-task performance postconcussion, and thus, dual-task paradigms were recommended via international consensus in June 2023 for clinical use to aide in recognition and management. 17 – 19 Dual-task interference is common across a variety of motor–cognitive combinations

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Single- Versus Dual-Task Functional Movement Paradigms: A Biomechanical Analysis

Landon B. Lempke, Jeonghoon Oh, Rachel S. Johnson, Julianne D. Schmidt, and Robert C. Lynall

among musculoskeletal-injured and concussed patients demonstrates greater movement and cognitive deficits than healthy participants during gait and balancing dual-task conditions. 13 – 15 , 22 However, limited research has thoroughly explored how a dual-task paradigm may influence kinematic and kinetic

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Cognitive Vulnerability to Mood Deterioration in an Exercise Cessation Paradigm

Maggie Evans, Kelly J. Rohan, Jonah Meyerhoff, Richard J. Norton, and Jeremy S. Sibold

negative symptoms and neurocognitive deficits in psychotic disorders ( Firth et al., 2015 ). The causal nature of the physical activity/mood relationship has also been explored using a voluntary exercise cessation paradigm in which physically active individuals cease their exercise routines. In Weinstein