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Klaudia M. Sapieja, John G.H. Dunn and Nicholas L. Holt

Although perfectionist orientations have been linked to a variety of cognitive, affective, and behavioral correlates in youth sport, little is known about antecedent factors that may influence adolescent athletes’ perfectionist orientations. The purpose of this study was to determine whether perceptions of parenting styles differ as a function of adolescent athletes’ perfectionist orientations. A total of 194 male youth soccer players (M age = 13.64 years; SD = 1.51; range, 10.67−16.25 years) completed measures of their perfectionist orientations in sport and of their perceptions of maternal and paternal parenting styles. Scores from the parenting style measure were calculated such that higher scores were reflective of higher parental authoritativeness (as perceived by the athletes). Cluster analyses conducted on perfectionism responses produced independent clusters of unhealthy perfectionists, healthy perfectionists, and nonperfectionists. MANOVA results revealed that both healthy- and nonperfectionists had significantly higher perceptions of maternal and paternal authoritativeness than unhealthy perfectionists (ps < .005). Results indicate that exposure to heightened authoritative parenting may play a role in developing healthy perfectionist orientations (or decrease the likelihood of developing unhealthy perfectionist orientations) in youth sport.

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J.D. DeFreese, Travis E. Dorsch and Travis A. Flitton

Youth sport is a prominent relational and developmental context for youth and their parents. As many as 44 million children and adolescents participate in organized youth sport in the United States each year ( Bremer, 2012 ; National Council of Youth Sports 2008). Based on these nearly ubiquitous

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Camilla J. Knight

, athletes will seek support from a range of sources including coaches, teammates, partners, and teachers ( Wylleman & Lavallee, 2004 ). One of the most influential sources, particularly for children and adolescents, is their parents. 1 Through their involvement, the vast majority of parents positively

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Daniel J. Madigan, Thomas Curran, Joachim Stoeber, Andrew P. Hill, Martin M. Smith and Louis Passfield

coach pressure ( Appleton & Curran, 2016 ). Against this backdrop, the aim of the present study was to examine the extent to which pressure to be perfect from parents and coaches showed cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships with perfectionism in junior athletes. Perfectionism Perfectionism is

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Donna L. Goodwin and Amanda Ebert

people, including parents, who negotiate daily exclusion if actionable change is to occur ( Aitchison, 2009 ; Allison, 2000 ). The labor disabled people and their families expend to participate in community programs is largely hidden from nondisabled people ( Dowling, 2015 ). The purpose of this study

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb and Patrick Rider

children (aged 2–5 y). Parents are influential in a young child’s life and can serve as positive role models for engaging in physical activity. Yet, parent physical activity—sometimes defined as parental role modeling—is not consistently associated with child physical activity ( 10 , 19 – 21 , 33

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Pedro Teques, Luís Calmeiro, Henrique Martins, Daniel Duarte and Nicholas L. Holt

Parents exert a powerful influence on their children’s sporting experiences via the emotional climate they create. This emotional climate can be conveyed in numerous settings, including the family home ( Holt, Tamminen, Black, Mandigo, & Fox, 2009 ), during car rides ( Tamminen, Poucher

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Robin D. Taylor, Howie J. Carson and Dave Collins

to offer a much more diverse influence on TD, certainly when compared with the heavily considered role of parents (cf. Knight, 2017 ) and, therefore, should be considered by coaches, alongside parental involvement. However, the emergent and exploratory state of evidence in this area still leaves

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Dawn E. Trussell

Our job as parents is to nurture our children. To love our children and to help them become productive citizens in the world. And when you’re “out” in the world, we come in contact with all different kinds of people. So what better way to nourish those relationships—but to have the kids be together

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Cassidy Preston, Veronica Allan, Lauren Wolman and Jessica Fraser-Thomas

PYD will be achieved ( Danish, Forneris, Hodge, & Heke, 2004 ; Gould & Carson, 2008 ). Rather, broader influences such as the interactions between coaches and parents play an important role in shaping athletes’ PYD outcomes ( Fraser-Thomas & Strachan, 2015 ; Holt et al., 2017 ). Alarmingly