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Robert Schinke, Hope Yungblut, Amy Blodgett, Mark Eys, Duke Peltier, Stephen Ritchie and Danielle Recollet-Saikkonen


There has been a recent push in the sport psychology literature for sport participants to be approached based on their cultural backgrounds. However, there are few examples where a cultural approach is considered, such as a culturally reflexive version of participatory action research (PAR). In the current study, the role of family is considered in relation to the sport engagement of Canadian Aboriginal youth.


Mainstream researchers teamed with coresearchers from the Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve for 5 years. Community meetings and talking circles were employed as culturally sensitive data collection techniques to uncover how to encourage youth participation in Wikwemikong’s sport programs. The overarching methodology for the project is PAR.


Themes and subthemes were determined by community consensus with terms indigenous (ie, culturally relevant) among the local Aboriginal culture. Family was considered important for youth involvement in Aboriginal community sport programs. Parents were expected to support their children by managing schedules and priorities, providing transportation, financial support, encouragement, and being committed to the child’s activity. Aunts, uncles, cousins, siblings, grandparents, and the family as a whole were seen as sharing the responsibility to retain youth in sport through collateral support (ie, when gaps in parental support arose).


Suggestions are proposed regarding how families in Aboriginal communities can collaborate to facilitate sport and physical activity among their youth. Further suggestions are proposed for researchers engaging in culturally reflexive research with participants and coresearchers from oppressed cultures.

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Chelsea L. Kracht, Elizabeth K. Webster and Amanda E. Staiano

licensing regulations on screen time in childcare centers: an impetus for participatory action research . Prog Community Health Partnersh . 2018 ; 12 ( 1S ): 101 – 109 . PubMed ID: 29755053 doi:10.1353/cpr.2018.0025 29755053 10.1353/cpr.2018.0025 19. Burwell S . Annual update of the HHs poverty

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Leisha Strachan, Tara-Leigh McHugh and Courtney Mason

. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/1049732318759668 29478402 McHugh , T.-L.F. , & Kowalski , K.C. ( 2009 ). Lessons learned: Participatory action research with young Aboriginal women . Pimatisiwin: A Journal of Aboriginal and Indigenous Community Health , 7 ( 1 ), 117 – 131 . Mehl

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Mika R. Moran, Perla Werner, Israel Doron, Neta HaGani, Yael Benvenisti, Abby C. King, Sandra J. Winter, Jylana L. Sheats, Randi Garber, Hadas Motro and Shlomit Ergon

, L. , Benvenisti , Y. , HaGani , N. , King , A.C. , Winter , S.J. , & Sheats , J. ( 2015 ). Health promoting environment: participatory action research for health and age-friendly neighbourhoods (Research Report). Jerusalem, Israel : JDC Israel Eshel . Oliver , M. , Witten , K

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Danielle Peers

participatory action research in which, for example, community members created their own representations of their inclusive physical activity programs (see Goodwin et al., 2017 ), participants would be expected to participate in the creation of these research questions, methods, and ethical protocols ( Heron