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David Parsons and Wendy Gilleard

Patellofemoral taping is a technique used in the management of patellofemoral pain that has been shown to alter the pattern of muscle activation onset in symptomatic subjects. It is unknown, however, if this taping technique directly influences the patterns of muscle activity that controls patella position or if its benefits are more related to the effect of pain reduction. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a taping technique on the muscle activation onset of selected quadriceps muscles where pain was not a confounding factor. Thirteen asymptomatic subjects completed a stair ascent and descent task with the right patella untaped and taped for a medial patella glide. Muscle activation onset was determined by computer algorithm from surface EMG of vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis obliquus (VMO). Taping significantly delayed the muscle activation onset of VMO and VL during stair ascent. There was no significant change for stair descent. This effect may be an attempt by the motor control system to counter the mechanical effect of patella perturbation or may be due to cutaneous stimulation affecting threshold or recruitment of motor units.

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Lori Bolgla and Terry Malone


To provide evidence regarding the therapeutic effects of exercise on subjects with patellofemoral-pain syndrome (PFPS).

Data Sources:

Evidence was compiled with data located using the Medline, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus databases from 1985 to 2004 using the key words patellofemoral pain syndrome, exercise, rehabilitation, and strength.

Study Selection:

The literature review examined intervention studies evaluating the effectiveness of exercise in subjects specif-cally diagnosed with PFPS. Articles were selected based on clinical relevance to PFPS rehabilitation that required an intervention of a minimum of 4 weeks.

Data Synthesis:

The review supports using exercise as the primary treatment for PFPS.


Evidence exists regarding the use of isometric, isotonic, isokinetic, and closed kinetic chain exercise. Although clinicians have advocated the use of biofeedback and patella taping, there is limited evidence regarding the efficacy of these interventions on subjects diagnosed with PFPS.

Open access

Nickolai Martonick, Kimber Kober, Abigail Watkins, Amanda DiEnno, Carmen Perez, Ashlie Renfro, Songah Chae and Russell Baker

. Hébert-Losier K , Yin NS , Beaven CM , Tee CCL , Richards J . Physiological, kinematic, and electromyographic responses to kinesiology-type patella tape in elite cyclists . J Electromygr Kinesiol . 2019 ; 44 : 36 – 45 . doi:10.1016/j.jelekin.2018.11.009 10.1016/j.jelekin.2018.11.009 6

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Guillermo Mendez-Rebolledo, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Eduardo Guzman-Muñoz, Valeska Gatica-Rojas, Alexis Dabanch-Santis and Francisco Diaz-Valenzuela

presence of patellofemoral pain . J Electromyogr Kinesiol . 2004 ; 14 ( 4 ): 495 – 504 . PubMed ID: 15165599 doi:10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.10.007 15165599 10.1016/j.jelekin.2003.10.007 30. Macgregor K , Gerlach S , Mellor R , Hodges PW . Cutaneous stimulation from patella tape causes a

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Rumit S. Kakar, Hilary B. Greenberger and Patrick O. McKeon

): 857 – 865 . PubMed ID: 12435653 doi:10.1177/03635465020300061701 10.1177/03635465020300061701 31. Bockrath K , Wooden C , Worrell T , Ingersoll CD , Farr J . Effects of patella taping on patella position and perceived pain . Med Sci Sports Exerc . 1993 ; 25 ( 9 ): 989 – 992 . PubMed