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Liang-Ching Tsai, Irving S. Scher, and Christopher M. Powers

The purpose of this study is to describe an MRI-based EMG-driven knee model to quantify tibiofemoral compressive and shear forces. Twelve healthy females participated. Subjects underwent 2 phases of data collection: (1) MRI assessment of the lower extremity to quantify muscle volumes and patella tendon orientation and (2) biomechanical evaluation of a drop-jump task. A subject-specific EMG-driven knee model that incorporated lower extremity kinematics, EMG, and muscle volumes and patella tendon orientation estimated from MRI was developed to quantify tibiofemoral shear and compressive forces. A resultant anterior tibial shear force generated from the ground reaction force (GRF) and muscle forces was observed during the first 30% of the stance phase of the drop-jump task. All of the muscle forces and GRF resulted in tibiofemoral compression, with the quadriceps force being the primary contributor. Acquiring subject-specific muscle volumes and patella tendon orientation for use in an EMG-driven knee model may be useful to quantify tibiofemoral forces in persons with altered patella position or muscle atrophy following knee injury or pathology.