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Thomas G. Almonroeder, Emily Watkins and Tricia Widenhoefer

Patellofemoral pain is relatively common in young, active females. 1 , 2 Unfortunately, the presence of patellofemoral pain during adolescence and/or early adulthood can limit participation in physical activity 3 and appears to be associated with the development of future patellofemoral joint

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

Patellofemoral syndrome is a clinical condition that is characterized by retropatellar and/or peripatellar pain associated with activities involving lower limb loading, such as walking, running, jumping, stair climbing, and prolonged sitting and kneeling. 1 Patellofemoral syndrome has been

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Hyunjae Jeon and Abbey C. Thomas

plantar flexion angles at initial contact were also noted. Significant pain reduction 1 – 4 and improvement of self-reported function 1 – 3 were observed throughout the included studies. Introduction/Clinical Scenario Healthcare providers frequently encounter patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP), a

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Thomas W. Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Matthew Zellmer, Jordan Hove, Becky L. Heinert and Michael R. Torry

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common knee pathologies 1 , 2 in younger, more active populations, especially in females. 3 , 4 PFPS has been reported after prolonged activities such as running, ascending and descending stairs, squatting, and sitting in knee flexion, 1 , 5

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John C. Spiker and Denise L. Massie

Effective management of patellofemoral pain is challenging to the practitioner when attempting to maintain the athlete's desired activity level while minimizing the symptoms. Due to the numerous etiological factors behind anterior knee pain, comprehensive management must include a lower extremity evaluation of muscular flexibility and strength as well as biomechanical abnormalities. Rehabilitation programs must focus on the flexibility, strength, endurance and proprioception of the extremity while reducing abnormal biomechanical forces. Programs to treat these abnormalities that increase patellofemoral stress must be systematically upgraded one variable at a time while monitoring the symptoms on a daily basis.

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Tzu-Chieh Liao, Joyce H. Keyak and Christopher M. Powers

Running is one of the most popular recreational activities in the United States. However, the overall incidence of lower-extremity running injuries has been reported to range from 59% to 79%. 1 , 2 Among all running-related injuries, patellofemoral pain (PFP) is most commonly reported, accounting

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a chronic condition that results in pain to the anterior knee, specifically retropatella or peripatella due to loading on the joint during weight-bearing activities. Those with PFP often have pain during daily tasks such as walking, stair ambulation, squatting, and

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Pablo Fanlo-Mazas, Elena Bueno-Gracia, Alazne Ruiz de Escudero-Zapico, José Miguel Tricás-Moreno and María Orosia Lucha-López

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common musculoskeletal presentations in general practice 1 and sports medicine clinics. 2 The source of patellofemoral pain (PFP) is believed to be multifactorial and could be related to proximal, local, and distal factors. 3 Tightness or

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Shiho Goto, Naoko Aminaka and Phillip A. Gribble

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common overuse knee injury accounting for approximately 10% to 25% of knee injuries diagnosed in physically active young adult populations. 1 , 2 Problems associated with PFP include long-lasting pain, a high recurrence rate following an initial exercise

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Christina Olbrantz, Jamie Bergelin, Jill Asmus, Thomas Kernozek, Drew Rutherford and Naghmeh Gheidi

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is one of the most common diagnoses in orthopedic outpatient clinics. 1 It includes a wide variety of pathologic abnormalities that can be present either independently or collectively, resulting in various levels of disability. 1 Epidemiologic studies report a