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Jill A. Bennett, Kerri Winters-Stone, Lillian M. Nail, and Jennifer Scherer

This review describes the definitions of sedentary used to screen community-dwelling adults in physical-activity-intervention trials published from 2000 to 2005. Results of 42 trials showed that definitions of sedentary varied from <20 to <150 min/week of physical activity, and few reported the type (work, household, or leisure) or intensity of activity that was used to screen participants. The range of “sedentary” samples makes it difficult to compare trial results or generalize findings. Published reports of exercise trials would be more useful to practitioners and researchers if they included an explicit description of the cut point used to define sedentary adults in the sample, in terms of maximum minutes or days per week of activity and the wording of the screening measure in terms of type and intensity of activity.

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Bradley J. Conant, Nicole A. German, and Shannon L. David

compared with rehabilitation alone. The studies also found promising results with nonprofessional athletes, the population most likely to attempt conservative treatment. No adverse effects were reported in any study. Patient selection and injury severity play a crucial role in treatment outcomes. 6 , 8

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İlker Eren, Nazan Canbulat, Ata Can Atalar, Şule Meral Eren, Ayla Uçak, Önder Çerezci, and Mehmet Demirhan

rehabilitation protocols are both safe. In addition, patient selection was another key factor to achieve these results. Results following revision Bankart surgery, posterior instability, glenoid bone loss, and patients with specific comorbidities may differ from our cohort. In this study, the method for patient

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Michelle A. Sandrey

studies, the original QUADAS tool produced by following the Delphi procedure was used. 17 The QUADAS tool is a 14-item tool that assesses: (a) risk of bias for patient selection; (b) specifics of the reference standard to assess and timeline; (c) blinding of the assessor in interpreting results of the

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Jesse C. Christensen, Caitlin J. Miller, Ryan D. Burns, and Hugh S. West

return to sport as early as 4 months following surgery. 19 , 20 Figure 1 —Flow chart on patient selection. ACLR indicates anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; EDW, electronic data warehouse; KOS-ADL, knee outcome survey—activities of daily living; MR, meniscal repair; NPRS, numeric pain rating

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Michelle A. Sandrey

assess the risk of bias of the retained studies. The PEDro is an 11-item scale that assesses risk of bias for patient selection, concealed and random allocation of subjects, subject similarity at baseline, blinding of the subjects/assessor/therapists, key outcomes, intention-to-treat analysis, and

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Juliessa M. Pavon, Richard J. Sloane, Carl F. Pieper, Cathleen S. Colón-Emeric, David Gallagher, Harvey J. Cohen, Katherine S. Hall, Miriam C. Morey, Midori McCarty, Thomas L. Ortel, and Susan N. Hastings

documentation of walking in nursing and PT/OT notes, and when it was present, there was poor correlation with accelerometer-measured step counts. Clinical guidelines recommend using mobility to guide patient selection and duration of pharmacologic VTE use ( Linkins et al., 2012 ); however, we found no

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Dai Sugimoto, Benton E. Heyworth, Brandon A. Yates, Dennis E. Kramer, Mininder S. Kocher, and Lyle J. Micheli

duration from ACLR to testing were examined, documented, and analyzed. Patient Selection Inclusion criteria for the current study consisted of patients who were under 21 years of age (including 21 y), sustained an ACL injury, and underwent ACLR surgery from 2015 to 2017 at the study institution. Patients

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Ian J. Dempsey, Grant E. Norte, Matthew Hall, John Goetschius, Lindsay V. Slater, Jourdan M. Cancienne, Brian C. Werner, David R. Diduch, and Joseph M. Hart

surgeons at the same university were included in our study, which may introduce risk of bias with patient selection and graft choice, and differences in surgical technique and fixation. However, the study group is representative of the type of patients seen in a standard practice with several surgeons who

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Domingo Jesús Ramos-Campo, Luis Andreu-Caravaca, María Carrasco-Poyatos, Pedro J. Benito, and Jacobo Ángel Rubio-Arias

. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051588 10.3390/jcm9051588 Kärkkäinen , M. , Rikkonen , T. , Kröger , H. , Sirola , J. , Tuppurainen , M. , Salovaara , K. , Arokoski , J. , Jurvelin , J. , Honkanen , R. , & Alhava , E. ( 2009 ). Physical tests for patient selection for bone mineral