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Revay O. Corbett, Tyler R. Keith and Jay Hertel

suggested to be used to aid in the RTP decision-making process. Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) are collected using questionnaires to assess a patient’s perception of their injury, function, and overall well-being. Although these tools are widely used and accepted in research and clinical practice, they

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Erik A. Wikstrom, Sajad Bagherian, Nicole B. Cordero and Kyeongtak Song

ankle joint mobilizations on patient-reported outcomes in patients with CAI remain unclear. Focused Clinical Question Do anterior-to-posterior ankle joint mobilizations improve patient-reported outcomes in patients with CAI? Summary of Search, “Best Evidence” Appraised, and Key Findings • The literature

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Jennifer F. Mullins, Arthur J. Nitz and Matthew C. Hoch

thereby present valuable evidence in patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in individuals with CAI. 23 Therefore, the purpose of this Critically Appraised Topic (CAT) was to appraise the best evidence regarding the effects of DN on PROs in individuals with CAI. Focused Clinical Question Does DN improve PROs

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Johanna M. Hoch, Cori W. Sinnott, Kendall P. Robinson, William O. Perkins and Jonathan W. Hartman

-oriented outcomes are used to subjectively assess a patient’s well-being and function and are often categorized into generic, region, and dimension-specific patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). 3 Clinician-oriented outcomes (CBOs) can be utilized to assess the effects of the health condition at the body

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Samuel F. Jazzo, Daniel Scribner, Stephanie Shay and Kyung-Min Kim

to be more effective than hyaluronic acid, thus PRP should be the primary adjunct to microfracture surgery. The use of a postoperative PRP injection 6–24 hours after microfracture surgery showed favorable patient reported outcomes in patients with OCLs of the talus. PRP injections have psychological

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Karrie L. Hamstra-Wright, Burcu Aydemir, Jennifer Earl-Boehm, Lori Bolgla, Carolyn Emery and Reed Ferber


Hip- and knee-muscle-strengthening programs are effective in improving short-term patient-reported and disease-oriented outcomes in individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP), but few to no data exist on moderate- to long-term postrehabilitative outcomes. The first purpose of the study was to assess differences in pain, function, strength, and core endurance in individuals with PFP before, after, and 6 mo after successful hip- or knee-muscle-strengthening rehabilitation. The second purpose was to prospectively follow these subjects for PFP recurrence at 6, 12, and 24 mo postrehabilitation.


For 24 mo postrehabilitation, 157 physically active subjects with PFP who reported treatment success were followed. At 6 mo postrehabilitation, pain, function, hip and knee strength, and core endurance were measured. At 6, 12, 18, and 24 mo, PFP recurrence was measured via electronic surveys.


Sixty-eight subjects (43%) returned to the laboratory at 6 mo. Regardless of rehabilitation program, subjects experienced significant improvements in pain and function, strength, and core endurance pre- to postrehabilitation and maintained improvements in pain and function 6 mo postrehabilitation (Visual Analog Scale/Pain—pre 5.12 ± 1.33, post 1.28 ± 1.14, 6 mo 1.68 ± 2.16 cm, P < .05; Anterior Knee Pain Scale/Function—pre 76.38 ± 8.42, post 92.77 ± 7.36, 6 mo 90.27 ± 9.46 points, P < .05). Over the 24 mo postrehabilitation, 5.10% of subjects who responded to the surveys reported PFP recurrence.


The findings support implementing a hip-or knee-muscle-strengthening program for the treatment of PFP. Both programs improve pain, function, strength, and core endurance in the short term with moderate- and long-term benefits of improved pain and function and low PFP recurrence.

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Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee and David Bell

comprehensive description of physical activity characteristics, such as the frequency, intensity, and length of engagement. 5 Based on currently available evidence, it is unclear if the widely used patient-reported outcomes, such as the Tegner Activity Scale or Marx Activity Rating Scale, provide an assessment

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Johanna M. Hoch, Megan N. Houston, Shelby E. Baez and Matthew C. Hoch

ACLR rehabilitation algorithms to address all of the patient’s needs and concerns that impact the patient after they have been cleared to RTS. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is comprised of multiple domains including: physical, social, and psychological. 11 Generic patient-reported outcomes

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

poor outcomes. 14 Patient-reported disability and functional scales are common clinical and research assessments to evaluate the subjective function in those with PFP. Although a variety of patient-reported outcomes are used within the PFP population, the Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS) and Activities

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Kate N. Jochimsen, Margaret R. Pelton, Carl G. Mattacola, Laura J. Huston, Emily K. Reinke, Kurt P. Spindler, Christian Lattermann and Cale A. Jacobs

The ways in which patients cope with and think about their pain influence important clinical outcomes such as postoperative pain, self-reported function, and patient satisfaction. 1 – 3 Awareness regarding these psychosocial factors and the role they play on patient-reported outcome measures has