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Alon Eliakim, Bareket Falk, Neil Armstrong, Fátima Baptista, David G. Behm, Nitzan Dror, Avery D. Faigenbaum, Kathleen F. Janz, Jaak Jürimäe, Amanda L. McGowan, Dan Nemet, Paolo T. Pianosi, Matthew B. Pontifex, Shlomit Radom-Aizik, Thomas Rowland and Alex V. Rowlands

This commentary highlights 23 noteworthy publications from 2018, selected by leading scientists in pediatric exercise science. These publications have been deemed as significant or exciting in the field as they (a) reveal a new mechanism, (b) highlight a new measurement tool, (c) discuss a new concept or interpretation/application of an existing concept, or (d) describe a new therapeutic approach or clinical tool in youth. In some cases, findings in adults are highlighted, as they may have important implications in youth. The selected publications span the field of pediatric exercise science, specifically focusing on: aerobic exercise and training; neuromuscular physiology, exercise, and training; endocrinology and exercise; resistance training; physical activity and bone strength; growth, maturation, and exercise; physical activity and cognition; childhood obesity, physical activity, and exercise; pulmonary physiology or diseases, exercise, and training; immunology and exercise; cardiovascular physiology and disease; and physical activity, inactivity, and health.

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Neil Armstrong

readers are referred to an excellent 2017 publication for comprehensive discussion of cardiopulmonary exercise testing ( 28 ). Similarly, the contribution by Pianosi et al ( 23 ) takes a wider view of exercise testing and advocates the advancement of pediatric health and exercise science through a well

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Rachel Massie, James Smallcombe and Keith Tolfrey

for influencing pediatric health. This study examined whether adolescent girls experience exercise-induced compensatory behaviors and whether there is variation in compensatory behaviors between individuals completing a chronic 12-week exercise program compared with a body size–matched nonexercise

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Neil Armstrong

, respectively. As Tomkinson et al ( 53 ) report that the typical international norm value of 9- to 17-year-olds’ peak V ˙ O 2 estimated from 20mSRT performance scores is 40 mL·kg −1 ·min −1 , the review paints a depressing picture of international pediatric health. Published studies offering normative

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Dan M. Cooper

is opportune to apply enabling and new technologies to PA biomarkers in pediatric health. In a study of 169 children and adolescents ( 27 ), we demonstrated a set of remarkably strong relationships among submaximal slopes (obtained from the “forgotten” data of progressive exercise CPET), body weight

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Tsz Lun (Alan) Chu, Tao Zhang, Katherine T. Thomas, Xiaoxia Zhang and Xiangli Gu

Integration, 23 , 263 – 280 . doi:10.1037/a0032359 10.1037/a0032359 Varni , J.W. , Seid , M. , & Kurtin , P.S. ( 1999 ). Pediatric health-related quality of life measurement technology: A guide for health care decision makers . Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management, 6 ( 4 ), 33 – 40 . Veazie

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Grant R. Tomkinson, Justin J. Lang, Joel Blanchard, Luc A. Léger and Mark S. Tremblay

health status ( 145 ). The inclusion of CRF in both national and international health surveillance systems could help complement physical activity and obesity measures to provide a better interpretation of pediatric health. Recently, there has been increased discussion about including CRF measures to