( Banks-Wallace & Conn, 2002 ; Whitt-Glover, Brand, Turner, Ward, & Jackson, 2009 ) to help reduce chronic diseases commonly related to excessive adiposity such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and other illnesses/conditions. Pedometer-based interventions to increase walking may be especially beneficial
Brian Tyo, Rebecca Spataro-Kearns, and David R. Bassett Jr.
Angelica Blais, Patricia E. Longmuir, and Jane Lougheed
expensive and often considered to have limited feasibility for routine patient monitoring. By comparison, pedometers are relatively inexpensive and simple devices that do not require specialized software, enabling easier implementation into follow-up clinical care. Pedometers provide valid and reliable
Tina Smith, Sue Reeves, Lewis G. Halsey, Jörg Huber, and Jin Luo
used to quantitatively assess these factors in physical activity, including questionnaires, pedometers, and accelerometers. Among these methods, self-report questionnaires and pedometers are convenient ones to use. Both methods have been employed in studies reporting positive associations between
Myles W. O’Brien, William R. Wojcik, and Jonathon R. Fowles
-related physical activity ( Kolt et al., 2012 ). Specifically, older patients who received pedometer-based prescriptions increased their moderate-intensity physical activity from 56 to 114 min/week at 1 year. Research has identified that older adults perceive monitor accuracy as the most important aspect of using
Alessandra Madia Mantovani, Manoel Carlos Spiguel de Lima, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque, Marcelo Romanzini, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch, Jamile Sanches Codogno, and Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
. Initially, 320 adults started the study, but 95 were excluded due to incomplete data (wearing pedometer for less than 7 d) and death (n = 1). The final sample consisted of 225 subjects with valid information (108 men and 117 women). In this sample, there are no missing data. Dependent Variables Dual
Claire Marie Jie Lin Goh, Nan Xin Wang, Andre Matthias Müller, Rowena Yap, Sarah Edney, and Falk Müller-Riemenschneider
al., 2009 ; Vandelanotte et al., 2020 ). Pedometers were invented as devices to measure step counts and they have a history of successful use in physical activity interventions ( Tudor-Locke, 2001 ). Today, there are many consumer wearable devices (e.g., Fitbit, Nike + Fuelband, etc.) which are
Andrea L. Hergenroeder, Bethany Barone Gibbs, Mary P. Kotlarczyk, Subashan Perera, Robert J. Kowalsky, and Jennifer S. Brach
the Fitbit Charge (Fitbit Inc., San Francisco, CA); Garmin Vivofit (Garmin Ltd., Schaffhausen, Switzerland); Fitbit Zip (Fitbit Inc., San Francisco, CA); Yamax SW-200 Digiwalker Pedometer (Yamasa Tokei Keiki Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan); Accusplit AX2710 Accelerometer Pedometer (Accusplit, Inc., Livermore
Jocelyn Kernot, Lucy Lewis, Tim Olds, and Carol Maher
computer-generated allocation sequence ( http://www.randomizer.org/form.htm ) with allocation concealment to one of 3 conditions: (1) MSIU (intervention), (2) pedometer (alternative intervention), or (3) written advice (control). Block randomization was undertaken (blocks of 6, allocation ratio 1∶1∶1) to
Anders Raustorp and Andreas Fröberg
accelerometers and pedometers have gained popularity among PA researchers as they are convenient, unobtrusive, and relatively unbiased. 9 Some studies employing ActiGraph™ accelerometers have reported a low to moderate tracking of PA between age 5 and 15. 10 , 11 The lack of standardization in processing
Mark A. Tully and Margaret E. Cupples
Recent public health initiatives have promoted accumulating 10,000 steps per day. Little previous research has evaluated its effects in young adults. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of taking 10,000 steps per day on fitness and cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary university students.
Healthy, sedentary students (mean age 21.16 ± SD 6.17) were randomly allocated to take 10,000 steps per day or to a control group who maintained their habitual activity. Members of the 10,000 step group wore a pedometer and reported daily step count in a diary. Outcome measurements (20-meter multistage shuttle run, BMI, and blood pressure) were measured before and after 6 weeks.
There were no significant differences between the groups at baseline. After 6 weeks, the 10,000 steps group were taking significantly more steps (8824.1 ± SD 5379.3 vs. 12635.9 ± SD 6851.3; P = .03).No changes were observed in fitness, or BMI (P > .05). Significant reductions in blood pressure (P = .04) in the 10,000 step group.
A daily target of 10,000 steps may be an appropriate intervention in sedentary university students to increase their physical activity levels. The positive health benefits of simple everyday physical activity should be promoted among health professionals.