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Validity of the Session Rating of Perceived Exertion for Monitoring Exercise Demands in Youth Soccer Players

Jose A. Rodríguez-Marroyo and Carlos Antoñan


The purpose of this study was to examine the concurrent and construct validity of the Borg (0–10) and children’s OMNI scales for quantifying the exercise intensity and training load (TL) in youth soccer players.


Twelve children (mean ± SD age 11.4 ± 0.5 y, height 154.3 ± 6.5 cm, body mass 39.5 ± 5.4 kg) took part in this study. Exercise intensity and TL were calculated on the basis of the session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) and heart rate (HR; Edwards method) during 20 technical-tactical training sessions. Players’ sRPEs were obtained from the Borg and OMNI scales.


Low correlations between HR-based TL and sRPE TL based on the Borg (r = .17, P = .335) and OMNI (r = .34, P = .007) scales were obtained. Significant (P < .001) relationships in sRPE (r = .76) and TL (r = .79) between RPE scales were found.


The current data do not support the relationship between the sRPE and HR methods for quantifying TL in youth soccer players. However, the sRPE method could be considered a better indicator of global internal TL, since sRPE is a measure of both physical and psychological stress. In addition, the authors demonstrated the construct validity for the OMNI scale to control exercise demands.

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A Novel Approach for Lactate Threshold Assessment Based on Rating of Perceived Exertion

Nicolas Fabre, Laurent Mourot, Livio Zerbini, Barbara Pellegrini, Lorenzo Bortolan, and Federico Schena

This study tested the hypothesis that the DMAX (for maximal distance) method could be applied to ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), to propose a novel method for individual detection of the lactate threshold (LT) using RPE alone during an incremental test to exhaustion. Twenty-one participants performed an incremental test on a cycle ergometer. At the end of each stage, lactate concentration was measured and the participants estimated RPE using the Borg CR100 scale. The intensity corresponding to the fixed lactate values of 2 or 4 mmol · L−1(2mM and 4mM), the ventilatory threshold (VT), the respiratory-compensation point (RCP), and the instant of equality of pulmonary gas exchange (RER=1.00) were determined. Lactate (DMAX La) and RPE (DMAX RPE) thresholds were determined using the DMAX method. Oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate, and power output measured at DMAX RPE and at DMAX La were not statistically different. Bland-Altman plots showed small bias and good agreements when DMAX RPE was compared with the DMAX La and RER=1.00 methods (bias = −0.05% and −2% of VO2max, respectively). Conversely, VO2 from the DMAX RPE method was lower than VO2 at 4 mM and at RCP and was higher than VO2 at 2 mM and at VT. VO2 at DMAX RPE was strongly correlated with VO2 at DMAX La (r = .97), at RER=1.00 (r = .97), at 2 mM (r = .85), at 4 mM (r = .93), at VT (r = .95), and at RCP (r = .95). The combination of the DMAX method with the RPE responses permitted precise and individualized estimates of LT using the DMAX method.

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Postmatch Perceived Exertion, Feeling, and Wellness in Professional Soccer Players

Mohamed Saifeddin Fessi and Wassim Moalla

rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is a common simple, valid, reliable, and low-cost method that represents the athlete’s own perception of training stress and gives a complete indication of the global workload because it is indicative of both physiological and psychological load. 8 , 14 Accordingly

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Peer Presence Increases Session Ratings of Perceived Exertion

Geoffrey M. Minett, Valentin Fels-Camilleri, Joshua J. Bon, Franco M. Impellizzeri, and David N. Borg

Quantifying training load using the session rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method 1 has been widely adopted as a simple approach to understanding the effects of training load on athlete fitness, performance, and fatigue. 2 – 4 Many internal (eg, heart rate [HR]), external (eg

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Rating of Perceived Exertion During Concentric and Eccentric Cycling: Are We Measuring Effort or Exertion?

Luis Peñailillo, Karen Mackay, and Chris R. Abbiss

Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is one of the most utilized measurements in exercise and sports science settings. Exercise-induced increases in psychophysiological stress are extremely important in many aspects of exercise capacity and performance including the development and perceptions of

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Age-Related Differences in Perceived Exertion While Walking and Running Near the Preferred Transition Speed

Stacey M. Kung, Philip W. Fink, Stephen J. Legg, Ajmol Ali, and Sarah P. Shultz

Perceived exertion has been proposed to help regulate exercise performance through a feedforward and feedback system called teleoanticipation ( 13 , 32 ). In order to achieve this goal of regulating exercise intensity, individuals would need to anticipate the physiological and mechanical responses

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Differential Ratings of Perceived Exertion: Relationships With External Intensity and Load in Elite Men’s Football

Kobe C. Houtmeyers, Pieter Robberechts, Arne Jaspers, Shaun J. McLaren, Michel S. Brink, Jos Vanrenterghem, Jesse J. Davis, and Werner F. Helsen

training on players’ performance and health. However, precisely quantifying the internal load remains difficult in football. 4 – 6 A commonly used method is to ask players to rate their perceived exertion at the end of a session (sRPE). 7 , 8 This rating should indicate the average internal intensity

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25 Years of Session Rating of Perceived Exertion: Historical Perspective and Development

Carl Foster, Daniel Boullosa, Michael McGuigan, Andrea Fusco, Cristina Cortis, Blaine E. Arney, Bo Orton, Christopher Dodge, Salvador Jaime, Kim Radtke, Teun van Erp, Jos J. de Koning, Daniel Bok, Jose A. Rodriguez-Marroyo, and John P. Porcari

The session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) method is 25 years old, as of 2020. Since the index paper, 1 in 1995, the method has become a popular alternative to represent exercise intensity versus objective methods such as heart rate (HR) and blood lactate. Reflecting this, in Google Scholar

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Comparison of RPE (Rating of Perceived Exertion) Scales for Session RPE

Blaine E. Arney, Reese Glover, Andrea Fusco, Cristina Cortis, Jos J. de Koning, Teun van Erp, Salvador Jaime, Richard P. Mikat, John P. Porcari, and Carl Foster

to quantify internal TL using a modification of the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method developed by Borg. 6 This method is known as the session RPE (sRPE). The sRPE is derived by multiplying the overall RPE obtained at the end of a training session, using the Borg category-ratio 10 scale

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Use of Numerically Blinded Ratings of Perceived Exertion in Soccer: Assessing Concurrent and Construct Validity

Ric Lovell, Sam Halley, Jason Siegler, Tony Wignell, Aaron J. Coutts, and Tim Massard

Ratings of perceived exertion (RPEs) represent an individual’s psychobiological response to an activity stimulus. These subjective evaluations of exertion are integrated from signals originating in working muscles and joints, cardiorespiratory, and central nervous systems. 1 In applied sports