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Vaimanino Rogers, Lisa M. Barnett, and Natalie Lander

, & Pellegrini, 2003 ). Physical self-perception is another important correlate of PA behavior ( Raudsepp, Liblik, & Hannus, 2002 ). Physical self-perception plays an important role in motivation and participation in PA ( Bryant, James, Birch, & Duncan, 2014 ; Jaakkola, Sami, Anthony, & Jarmo, 2016 ), and is

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Gershon Tenenbaum, Andrew Lane, Selen Razon, Ronnie Lidor, and Robert Schinke

We introduce a two-perception probabilistic concept of adaptation (TPPCA), which accounts for fast and slow adaptation processes. The outcome of both processes depends on the perceptual difference (termed herein a quantum) of how an individual perceives his or her abilities, skills, and capacities (βv) to interact, cope, and perform a given task (δi). Thus, the adaptation process is determined by (βv – δi). Fast adaptation processes target aspects that require immediate responses while slow adaptation processes involve ongoing adaptation to long-term demands. We introduce the TPPCA in several domains of inquiry, which rely on fast adaptation processes (perceptual–cognitive–action coupling, performance routines, psychological crisis, reversal states), slow adaptation processes (i.e., career aspirations, burnout), and processes that can be either fast or slow (i.e., flow, affect and mood changes, emotion regulation).

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Soojin Yoo, Monica A.F. Lounsbery, Tim J. Bungum, and Julie Gast


To examine gender and ethnicity differences in adolescents’ physical activity (PA) behavior and perceptions.


Surveys designed to measure PA behavior and perception were completed by 175 adolescents. Gender and ethnicity differences in PA behavior were examined using chi-square tests. A two-way between groups MANOVA was used to examine perception.


No significant differences were found between gender groups for PA. Caucasian students were more likely to be active and to perceive that PA makes their health better. Hispanics were more likely to perceive that PA requires more time than Caucasians.


Findings suggest greater consideration be given to the ethnic orientation of PA behavior antecedents when promoting PA to adolescents.

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Adesola C. Odole, Olawale T. Agbomeji, Ogochukwu K.K. Onyeso, Joshua O. Ojo, and Nse A. Odunaiya

very familiar with physiotherapists, and their services as physiotherapists are usually attached to sport teams, with other members of the health care team. In such settings, athletes’ knowledge and perceptions toward physiotherapy services have an impact on their general attitude toward these services

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Stephanie Field, Jeff Crane, Patti-Jean Naylor, and Viviene Temple

Developmental experts have theorized that during the transition from early to middle childhood, perceptions of physical competence will become more accurate ( Harter, 2012b ; Robinson, Stodden, Barnett, & Lopes, 2015 ; Stodden et al., 2008 ). Understanding this process is important because boys

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Paul G. Schempp and Sophie Woorons

perceive athlete exertion during training. One study determined the relationship between coaches’ perceptions of exertion and measures taken by heart rate monitors and accelerometers during the training of 31 elite junior soccer players ( Brink, Kersten, & Frencken, 2017 ). Coaches based their perceptions

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Lijuan Wang

& McCallister, 1998 ; Bredahl, 2013 ; Fitzgerald & Stride, 2012 ; Hutzler, Fliess, Chacham, & van den Auweele, 2002 ; Spencer-Cavaliere & Watkinson, 2010 ). Understanding the perceptions and feelings of students with special needs in relation to their PE inclusion is crucial, along with the factors that

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Brody J. Ruihley and Heidi Grappendorf

contacts. Molly recruited women sport fans not participating in fantasy sport so that she could find out their opinions and perceptions regarding fantasy sport. Her survey contained demographic questions and an open response question asking what women’s perceptions of fantasy sport were. Molly knew from

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Jason C. Laffer, Aaron J. Coutts, and Job Fransen

execute an accurate and fast blocking movement, especially at higher levels of competition where faster gameplay creates greater time constraints ( Panfil & Superlak, 2012 ). Successful decision-making when blocking requires exceptional levels of two performance elements, perception–action coupling and

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Isaac Estevan, Javier Molina-García, Gavin Abbott, Steve J. Bowe, Isabel Castillo, and Lisa M. Barnett

Considerable research about self-perception has been conducted to understand its nature and associations with other health-related variables such as the practice of physical activity or fitness level ( Welk & Eklund, 2005 ). Despite its universal application in scientific literature dealing with